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DISCOVER BUENOS AIRES



Buenos Aires

Welcome to "Buenos Aires"

Also called Federal Capital and forms part of the 24 states of Argentina, located on the western bank of the River Plate in the Panamanian plain. It is the main educational center of the country and is also an important artistic and intellectual activity center. Among the most important institutions of this city is the University of Buenos Aires, which is one the best schools in Latin America. It is also among the cities with the highest concentration of theaters worldwide; among them is the Colon Theater, for its impeccable acoustics, path and size.

History


The city had two foundations. The first of which took place in 1536 by Pedro de Mendoza, the second in 1580 by Juan de Garay. The first attempt by Pedro de Mendoza was destroyed in 1542 by its inhabitants due to the constant threats of the natives. It became the capital of the newly created Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata by the King of Spain in 1776. During the first English invasion in 1806, the city came under rule of the United Kingdom when British forces occupied it. In May of 1810 the revolution was made to expel the viceroy, establishing a board of self-government in order to begin the War of Independence of Argentina. During the government in 1880 of Nicolás Avellaneda the city was federalized. This city was one of the main destinations of the migration process of Argentina. In 1913 the subway of Buenos Aires was opened, which was Latin America's first subway. After the reform of the Argentina Constitution of 1994 the city could have its own constitution and self-government of direct elections.

Location


The city of Buenos Aires is known for being a coastal city, located on the bank of the Rio de la Plata and the Riachuelo. In the past a lot of streams passed through the city, which were cased in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. The city located in the South American continent, with coordinates 34 ° 36 'south latitude and 58 ° 26' west longitude.

Weather


The prevailing climate here is pampeano (humid subtropical climate characterized by the warmer season is also the rainiest). The average temperature for this city is 17.8° C and annual rainfall is 1,214.6 mm. The highest temperature recorded so far was 43.3° C and lowest of -5.4 ° C. Like observed in many other cities because of urbanization, the temperature of the city has increased slightly between 1 and 2 ° C in comparison of the least urbanized regions nearby.

Economy


The main economic sector of Buenos Aires is the service sector, which represents 78% of its GDP, much higher than the national average of 56%. The most important branches are those of real estate, information technology, professional services, business services and rental services and financial intermediation services. One of the sectors with the highest income was construction, because the number of building permits increased by 44%. The influence of this sector in the GDP reached 7.48 billion pesos in 2006. The manufacturing industry accounts for 14.2% of GDP. The sector underwent a 10% increase over the previous year, and the items that registered the highest increase in activity include medicine, chemicals products and clothing, which exceeded 14%. Food, beverages and Tabaco products, medicinal products for human use and paper and printing account for 60% of industry revenues.

Gastronomy


Buenos Aires is characterized by two major European contributions, such as Italian and Spanish. It is just as varied as the rest of the culture, including red meat, fish, pasta and pies. Roasts are an area that should be noted. Different cuts of beef are usually accompanied by chorizo, sweetbreads, and chitterlings sausages and other cuts of meat from other animals. The most consumed fish are hake, croaker, flounder, sea bream and mackerel, as well as a lot of alternatives that are caught in the Atlantic Coast and the country's rivers. Another Buenosairean tradition is pasta, and Italian cuisine is widespread in the region, and usually a family tradition Sunday meetings where to enjoy a plate of noodles, gnocchi, cannelloni, sorrentinos, lasagna or ravioli.

Roast:Hot irons, and a lot of grilled beef. It cannot fail. The Argentine roast is a tradition enjoyed most Sundays in any patio or deck that has a grill, no matter how small. Roasted strip loin, entails, gizzards, chitterlings, kidneys, sausage and blood pudding are some of the cuts that delight everyone in this land. If accompanied with a good red wine.

Locro: It is the winter dish par excellence. Originating in northwestern Argentina, the locro is a thick corn-based and pumpkin stew with meat, potatoes, beans, vegetables and chorizo among other ingredients. It is consumed mainly in national holidays: May 25 and July 9.

Choripán: The Chori is our street food par excellence: a roast pig sausage eaten in a sandwich form.

Ravioli with tomato sauce: Ravioli with tomato sauce (tomato sauce and minced meat) or stew (with whole pieces of meat) is more native than dulce de leche (caramel). Ravioli consists of squares of pasta stuffed with ricotta cheese, vegetables, ham and cheese and other variants.

Humita: It is prepared in two ways: in pot and husk. The first version is a creamy stew achieved by grating the corn grain, to which onion, milk, salt and cumin is added. The second is obtained by wrapping the same cream but without cooking onto pre-cut husk sheets. The package is then closed; tied with a thin ribbon than boiled. You can add the bits of goat cheese, pieces of meat or raisins.

Festivities


National Festival of Doma and Folklore

It is a now traditional celebration that takes place in the Municipal Amphitheatre at night and includes rodeo and exhibition of Creole skills. The musicals are based on the performance of outstanding soloists and ensembles of national folklore, in which no shortage of delicious counterpoint of musicians from throughout the country.

National Festival of the Malambo

It is essentially an instance of competition, in which a specialized jury evaluates participants according to strict regulations that essentially requires respect for tradition. Every night, along with the competitions, takes place the performance of established artists of folk music and foreign delegations from Paraguay, Uruguay, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile.

National Rodeo Festival and Folklore

It is a true demonstration of Creole skills: dressage and rodeo, accompanied with samples of crafts and typical food tasting. The festival ends with a folk festival in the banks of the Parana River, with the participation of prominent national artists.

National Day of Malting Barley

It begins with a mass campaign and the official lunch with the presence of queens of national holidays. The celebration aims to develop bomb fires, cultural and sports activities. No shortage of native music, entertainment, talent shows and product competition.

Trekking National Festival

The celebration including multiple activities: Marathon from the Laguna del Desierto; 15 km, bike ride to Bay Tunnel for several categories, Team hiking competition in Glacier National Park, rock climbing tournament; equestrian activities, Individual trekkatlón 7km in male and female categories from the Laguna Torre, loggers competition and recreational games for children and adults. It concludes with a music festival with performances by local and regional artists with dances and awards.

National Calf Festival

The official opening of the festival is performed with "State of Yerra". During the celebration of the marking of calf takes place. Folk artists participate with their singing and dancing and the "Night of the Applicants” parades the young royal crown hopefuls. The Chamber of Microenterprise Ayacuchenses makes its annual exhibition of its achievements, while there are treasury auctions, lectures and the National Mural Contest. The celebration lasts eight days, in which the visitor is assisted by the friendly warmth of "Las Bravas", updated version of the ancient Chinese version of the pampa.

Places of interest

May Plaza

It has become the most important political milestone of Buenos Aires since the Independence of Argentina was declared in 1810. People with different political ideologies gather here in mass political demonstrations like those organized by Evita Peron or the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo. The Plaza de Mayo is also home to important houses of local and national governments like the Casa Rosada (Presidential House), the Cabildo (which was the Government House during the colonial period), and the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral.


Puente de la Mujer

This pedestrian bridge is an architectural landmark in the history of Buenos Aires, impossible to go unnoticed. The famous Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava designed it. For some locals the Puente de la Mujer appears like a woman dancing tango.



Ecological Reserve

You can find the Ecological Reserve behind this wonderful modern architectural piece of Puerto Madero, in the lively Costanera Sur. An amazing and quiet hideaway, definitely the place to get away from all the hustle and bustle of Buenos Aires in case you need a few hours of peace and quiet outdoors. Filled with amazing flora and fauna, it is ideal for walking or biking along the trails leading to the Rio de la Plata tourist spot.


Plaza Dorrego

At the heart of the historic center of San Telmo, Plaza Dorrego offers one of the more authentic experiences for tourists and locals, seeking designs and original colonial structures. Throughout the weekend, the central square of San Telmo is filled with impressive crafts and antiques market. On Sunday afternoon, the cobbled square becomes an outdoor ballroom, where experts and amateurs couples gather to dance tango.


Boca Juniors Stadium

Colorful blue and yellow Boca Juniors Stadium is one of the most famous landmarks in Buenos Aires and attracts thousands of Argentines and foreigners alike. In a football game at the stadium in Buenos Aires, you can feel the pure devotion and incredible passion that fans have for their team Boca. If you are a football fan, you cannot miss the opportunity to experience Argentine football for yourself.