Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, as well as the headquarters of its powers and its administration. It is located in the central part of the province, one of the most fertile areas of the Canadian plains around the North Saskatchewan River. 812,201 people live in Edmonton.
It is the cultural, governmental and educational center of Alberta. It is home to several festivals world-class, which has allowed her to earn the title of "The Festival City", Edmonton has the largest mall in North America, West Edmonton Mall and the largest living museum of Canadian history, the Fort Edmonton Park. In 2004, the city celebrated the centenary of its founding as a city.
The first inhabitants who settled in the current area of Edmonton did around 3000. C .; it is believed that their ancestors came from Asia across the Bering Strait, after he was covered in ice after wisconsiense glaciation.
In 1754, Anthony Henday, an explorer working for the Hudson's Bay Company, was the first European to enter the Edmonton area. The main objective of the expeditions across the Canadian Prairies was contact with the native population to establish the fur trade. In 1795, Fort Edmonton was established on the north bank of the river as an important trading post of the Hudson Bay Company. In the nineteenth century, the fertile soils surrounding Edmonton helped attract settlers, also was established as a major commercial and agricultural center of the region. The Klondike Gold Rush and the Yukon River 1897 helped the city grow, as it was a stopping point for gold seekers.
In 1904, with a population of 8,350 inhabitants, it was elevated to city status and became the capital of the province of Alberta, when it joined the Canadian Confederation on 1 September 1905. In November of that year, Canadian Northern Railway (CNR) arrived in the city.
The most important oil discovery in Alberta took place on February 13, 1947, near the city of Leduc, south of Edmonton. This discovery had a profound effect on the city and its consequences can be seen today: the oil industry exploration and development remains important all over Alberta and employs many people.
The subsequent oil boom given to Edmonton a new status as "Oil Capital of Canada" and during the 1950s the city grew in population from 149,000 to 269,000. Then he had a relative calm, but still prospered in the 1960s and the growth of the city took place coinciding with the rise of world oil prices.
Edmonton is located near the geographical center of the province, at a height of 668 meters. The land around the city is generally flat to slightly wavy, with ravines and valleys formed by rivers like the North Saskatchewan River valley. Canadian Rocky Mountains are approximately 220 km to the southwest, a few hours drive. Edmonton is located on the border between southern prairie and northern taiga, in a transition area known as Park poplars. However, the park of poplars around Edmonton has been altered by agriculture and other human activities such as oil and natural gas exploration.
Edmonton is the main economic center of north and center of Alberta, and a major center for oil and gas. Edmonton has traditionally been the center of the petrochemical industries of Alberta, earning him receive the nickname "Oil Capital of Canada" in the 1940s.
Although it may seem Edmonton is one focused on oil and gas economy, is actually the second most diversified Canadian economy. One of the main areas is the technology, focused on major companies like IBM, Telus, Intuit Canada, Canadian Western Bank, BioWare, Matrikon, General Electric, and Stantec Inc. The biotechnology sector, with companies such as CV Technologies.
Much of the growth in technology sectors is due to Edmonton's reputation as one of the first research centers, educational centers in Canada and R & D centers. Research initiatives focus on educational institutions as the University of Alberta, as well as government initiatives in the Alberta Research Council and the Edmonton Research Park. It was recently built on the campus of the University of Alberta, the National Institute for Nanotechnology.
Art Gallery of Alberta
It is an art gallery open to the public, located in downtown Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. His collection of over 6,000 works of art includes historical and contemporary works, sculptures, installation works and photographs by Canadian artists and internacionales.1 addition to its permanent collection, the gallery hosts temporary exhibitions and offers public education programs.
Edmonton Valley Zoo
Nestled on the banks of the North Saskatchewan River, the Edmonton Valley Zoo is a small and intimate zoo that provides authentic and engaging animal experiences.
Telus World of Science
The TELUS World of Science - Edmonton is an interactive science centre that is creating a positive science and technology culture in Alberta. The Edmonton Space & Science Foundation is a non-profit organization that operates TELUS World of Science – Edmonton.
Opened to public in 1986, it is the world's second-largest indoor water park. It has a maximum capacity of 5000 guests, and contains the world's largest indoor wave pool with a capacity of 12.3 million litres.
William Hawrelak Park
William Hawrelak Park is a 68 hectare park in the river valley featuring a 5 hectare lake and open grassy areas.The park hosts several major festivals and events over the summer including the Heritage Festival, River City Shakespeare Festival, International Blues Festival, Pets in the Park, and Symphony Under the Sky.
Symphony under the Sky
Get a taste of great music - from classical to pop to just plain fun - in the great outdoors during the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra Symphony Under the Sky. Savour the sounds of internationally-renowned and innovative Edmonton Symphony Orchestra! enjoy four irresistible nights of music ranging from classical gems to Hollywood hits.
Silver Skate Festival.
this festival is an extravaganza of art, culture, recreation and sport! Edmonton’s oldest winter festival. Wander through the snow Sculpture Garden, try your hand at Jam-Can Curling, cheer on the racers at the Kortebaan–a traditional Dutch long-blade skate race, cheer on competitors in the Northgate skate races, or enjoy live entertainment after the sun goes down during Night Works.
The Works Art & Design Festival
For 13 days every summer, The Works unleashes art & design throughout 1 square kilometer of Edmonton's downtown core . Completely free to the public, the Festival is an extravaganza of visual art, design and entertainment that attracts artists and patrons from around the globe. Greater than the sum of its many parts, The Works is a time and place for everyone to discover, discuss and develop an appreciation for art & design!
Edmonton Rock Music Festival
When it comes to rock and roll, there's nothing quite like the live experience. Especially, when that live experience is outdoors at the Hawrelak Park Amphitheatre. Rock music is about crowds singing along with great lyrics, grooving to music with great beats, and hanging out with great friends...that's why the Rock and Roll Society of Edmonton is thrilled to welcome you to the Annual Rock Music Festival