Winnipeg is the capital and largest city in the Canadian province of Manitoba, located in the prairies of western Canada. It is also the seventh largest city in Canada, the most important center of the country and the main city of the metropolitan area, the Winnipeg Capital Region.
About half of the total population resides in Manitoba Winnipeg Capital Region, with a population of 730,305 inhabitants. Winnipeg has a total population of 663,617. The city lies at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers. Characterized by a harsh climate is regarded as one of the great coldest cities.
Winnipeg is home to historic architecture and numerous parks like Assiniboine Park or Birds Hill Provincial Park. Its location is also very close to the rivers of the Canadian Shield and numerous lakes, among which include Lake Forest, Lake Winnipeg and Lake Manitoba.
The name of Winnipeg is a transcription of a word thought to mean "muddy waters". The area was inhabited by Indians called First Nations. In prehistoric times, through oral histories, archeology, petroglyphs, rock art and ancient artifacts, known to the natives used the area for camping, hunting, fishing, trade, and, further north, practice agriculture. The first agricultural area in Manitoba was located along the Red River near Lockport, where corn and other crops were planted before European contact. For thousands of years human beings have lived in this region, and there are many archaeological evidence about their lifestyles. The rivers served as transportation for trade and exchange knowledge among many people. Lake Winnipeg is considered an inland sea, with important links rivers to the mountains in the west, the Great Lakes to the east and the Arctic Ocean in the north. The Red River connected the ancient peoples of the north with the south through Missouri and Mississippi rivers. The first maps were made in some areas birch bark by the Ojibwa, who helped furriers find their way through rivers and lakes. The first French officer who came to the area was Pierre Gaultier de Varennes in 1738. He built the first trading post, which was called Fort Rouge, which was subsequently abandoned. French traded in the area for several decades before the arrival of traders Hudson Bay. The first English retailers visited the area around the year 1767. Fort Gibraltar was built by the North West Company in 1809, and Fort Douglas was built by the Hudson's Bay Company in 1812. The two companies fought fiercely for commerce in the area, including several battles happening. In 1821, the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company completed its long rivalry with a merger.
Fort Gibraltar, on the site of present Winnipeg, was renamed Fort Garry in 1822 and became the leading trading post in the region for the Hudson's Bay Company. This position was destroyed in a 1826 flood and rebuilt in 1835. It played a small role in the fur trade, but was still the residence of the Governor of the company for many years and became an important part of first colony and settlement in Western Canada.
Winnipeg has a continental weather with a wet and great annual temperature variation, with 37.3 ° C is the highest in the world. As there are no mountain ranges or sea nearby, the town is exposed to numerous weather systems including high pressure systems in the Arctic. From December to February, only maximum daily temperature exceeds 0 ° C in 10 days on average. While daily minimum collapses down to -20 ° C in 49 days on average. The cold and the snow, occasionally, extend until April, but in general their own winter temperatures begin to moderate in late February or early March. The lowest temperature recorded in Winnipeg was -47.8 ° C and given on December 24, 1879. The coldest day the last 25 years was the February 5, 2007, when thermometers marked -41.7 ° C. For its part, the coldest wind recorded in the city took place on February 1, 1996 to -57.1 ° C. According to Environment Canada, Winnipeg is the coolest a city of over 600,000 inhabitants of the world.
The summers are warm and often humid, especially in July and August, with frequent nocturnal storms. The spring and autumn seasons tend to be contradictory, with varying temperatures and rapidly changing. But also, Winnipeg is a very sunny city with an average of 317 sunny days a year. It has the second clearer sky of Canada and is also the second sunniest city in the country in spring and winter.
Winnipeg is a major regional center of commerce, industry, culture, finance and government. According to the Conference Board of Canada, Winnipeg is third in terms of economic growth of Canadian cities in 2007, with GDP growth of 3.7%.
They are located in Winnipeg Royal Canadian Mint House, east of the city, and the military base CFB Winnipeg. The House of the Currency is Lagimodiere Boulevard, whose plant was founded in 1975. In this plant leave Canadian currencies and other countries. The city also has government research and development laboratories. The National Microbiology Laboratory seeks to respond to infectious and diseases National Research Council laboratory also has the Institute for Biodiagnostics, located in the city center.
Winnipeg is in the lower valley of the Red River of the North and has a flat topography. Downtown Winnipeg is located at the intersection of Portage Avenue and Main Street (known as Portage and set Main), one kilometer from the popular district The Forks and Assiniboine River. From this intersection, one of the most famous in Canada, all roads start.
The Winnipeg center is the financial heart of the city, and covers an area of approximately one square mile (2.5 kilometers), which is great for a city of this size. Surrounding the city center there are several residential neighborhoods. Urban development extends in all directions from the center, but more to the south and west, and has tended to follow the course of the two main rivers. The built in Winnipeg area is about 25 kilometers from east to west and 20 kilometers from north to south, although there is still plenty of land available for development within the city limits.
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Located minutes from downtown Winnipeg in beautiful Assiniboine Park, the Assiniboine Park Zoo provides visitors with the opportunity to interact with animal species from all corners of the globe. With over 80 park-like acres to explore, the Zoo has been a favourite destination for families, tourists, school groups, and animal lovers for over a century.
The Museum’s collections reflect the heritage of Manitoba and other regions of the world. Our nine interpretive galleries explore the interrelationship of people and their environment. Travel through millions of years as you journey from north to south across Manitoba’s vast and varied landscape, from the icy arctic coast to the windswept prairies.
Winnipeg Art Gallery
The WAG strives to engage audiences through unique and innovative educational programming. Family Sunday and Young Weekends offer children art adventures themed to current exhibitions. The weekly Art for Lunch features artist and curator talks, exhibition tours, and art videos. Weekend public tours of current exhibitions allow our visitors to engage with our Gallery guides to learn more about the art on view.
Kildonan Park is a park in north Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Established in 1909, the park features the Peguis Pavilion, Rainbow Stage, the Witch's Hut, an Olympic-sized outdoor swimming pool, duck pond, and soccer field as well as picnic tables and barbecue pits. There are picnic sites and shelters available for rent. In winter the park features a skating pond and two tobogganing slides.
Winnipeg Music Festival
The Winnipeg Music Festival has a reputation for the high standards of excellence that it encourages. Participants come from all parts of the Province of Manitoba, from north-west Ontario and from the northern United States to compete in Winnipeg's Festival. Indeed, many internationally known artists have developed their talents at the Winnipeg Music Festival
Winnipeg Folk Fest
The Winnipeg Folk Fest is the culmination of everything great about our local folk community. For four days every July, we gather at Bird’s Hill Park to celebrate and enjoy exceptional music with our friends and family. You’re home at the Winnipeg Folk Fest.
Winnipeg BBQ & Blues Festival
The Winnipeg BBQ & Blues Festival will feature the best in international, national and local blues performers along with the Winnipeg Free Press “Pit Masters” barbeque competition, food and beverage garden and retail vendors. 2 days of BBQ, Blues and good times!
Big Fun is an annual music festival held over five days in various venues across downtown Winnipeg. A multi-genre music festival, Big Fun showcases Winnipeg's wealth of musical talent. At Big Fun you will see acts ranging from punk to hip-hop to folk and everything in between. The festival starts Wednesday evening with multiple shows and parties throughout Winnipeg's downtown neighbourhood, closing with a matinee folk breakfast show on the Sunday. Celebrate Winnipeg's musical talent against the back drop of our infamous winter at Big Fun.