Bogotá is the capital of Colombia and Cundinamarca Department, with a population of 8,854,722 in 2015. Bogotá and its metropolitan area had a population of over 13 million in 2015.Bogotá is the fastest growing major city in Latin America, and is expected to have around 25 million inhabitants by 20In terms of land area, Bogotá is the largest city in Colombia, and one of the biggest in Latin America.
It figures among the 25 largest cities of the world and is the third-highest capital city in South America at 2,640 meters (8,660 ft) above sea level, after La Paz and Quito. With its many universities and libraries, Bogotá has been called "The Athens of South America".Bogotá owns the largest moorland of the world, which is located in the Sumapaz Locality. The city is listed as a Beta global city by the GaWC.
The history of Bogota , generally falls within the limits of the foundation of Santa Fe de Bogota on August 6, 1538 , by Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada , to the present. The first populations inhabiting Bogotá were the Muiscas, members of the Chibcha language family. At the arrival of the conquerors, the population was estimated to be half a million indigenous people. They occupied the highland and mild climate flanks between the Sumapaz Mountains to the southwest and Cocuy's snowy peak to the northeast, covering an approximate area of 25,000 km2 (9,653 sq mi), comprising Bogotá's high plain, the current Boyacá department portion and a small Santander region.
In this area, the population was organised in two large federations, each commanded by a chief. The southwest area was dominated by the Zipa with the center located in Bacatá, currently Bogotá. He was the strongest leader, occupying two-fifths of the territory. The northeast zone was the Zaque domain and the center was Hunza region, currently Tunja.
Unlike the Tayronas, the Muiscas did not develop large cities. Muisca, eminently farmers, formed a disperse population occupying numerous small villages and hut settlements. In addition, some free isolated tribes also existed: Iraca or Sugamuxi, Tundama, and Guanentá.
Bogota is a cosmopolitan city, constantly expanding and one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in South America . 7'881.156 its inhabitants , including many immigrants from around the world, make it a true microcosm of the nation.
Bogotá is located on the west of the Savannah of Bogotá (Sabana de Bogotá), 2640 metres (8661 ft) above sea level. Although it is located in what is popularly called "savannah" (sabana), the geographical site is actually a high plateau in the Andes mountains. The extended region is also known as "Altiplano Cundiboyacense" which literally means "high plateau of Cundinamarca and Boyacá".
The official highest temperature recorded within the city limits is 30.0 °C (86 °F), and the lowest temperature recorded is −7.1 °C (19 °F). Dry and rainy seasons alternate throughout the year. The driest months are December, January, July and August. The warmest month is March, bringing a maximum of 19.7 °C (67.5 °F). The coolest nights occur in January, with an average of 7.6 °C (45.7 °F) in the city; fog is very usual in early morning, 220 days per year, whilst sunny days are quite unusual.
Bogota has a huge gastronomic offer , on your journey you will find countless restaurants with typical food of the country , making it impossible to miss to try Colombian food that is certainly a very specialized cuisine. The main sectors of international restaurants are Usaquén, La Macarena, the G Zone, La Candelaria and the International Center.
Soup made with chicken breasts, potatoes three different types (Creole, pastusa and sabanera ) , corn and guascas ( a spice ) , it is usually added cream and capers and accompanied by slices of avocado.
Quite varied and abundant ground plate type , where are fried in a pan pieces of sausage, beef, pork , sausage, chunchullo , sausage , fill , udder , heart, and creole potato.
The empanadas are usually fried in Colombia , depending on the region are filled with different ingredients. In the central region of Colombia are stuffed with meat , spices and potatoes. They are usually accompanied by homemade chili or guacamole.
Based thick tubers such as potatoes , cassava or yams , bananas , legumes ( beans, peas , lentils , pigeon peas , beans ), to which is added some meat ( chicken, chicken , pork, fish , beef, rib broth , liver, tripe , lamb or turkey ).
In a stew pot with oil , onions , herbs and seasoning is prepared and let fry until . They are added beans and potatoes chopped into small pieces , plus a cup of water and a cup of milk.
Food small , circular , made with corn dough. Accompanies almost every meal of the day and can be normal or filled by any ingredient or stew.
Bogotá is the main economic and industrial center of Colombia. The Colombian government fosters the import of capital goods, Bogotá being one of the main destinations of these imports.
In 2008, the World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) from the United Kingdom ranked Bogotá as a beta level city, a medium rankings. Beta level cities are important world cities that are instrumental in linking their region or state into the world economy.
Places of interest
Cerro de Monserrate
To reach the top of the hill of Monserrate the easiest way is via cable car or funicular station which is located at the foot of the hill. You can also walk up, but this tour is only recommended for those who have a very good physical condition and your lungs are accustomed to the altitude.
The town of La Candelaria Bogotá is the historical and cultural heart of the city. As in the beginning, the business of the city and moved down the hill to the north, the colonial architecture could largely maintain. There you can see , especially the colonial houses with barred windows , carved doors , red tile roofs and eaves.
The Colpatria Tower is a skyscraper located in Bogota's San Diego sector , also part of the International Centre of Bogotá. With its 50 floors it is the second highest in Colombia , 26 in Latin America and one of the icons of the city .
The G Zone is one of the most important places of Bogotá in terms of Gastronomy. This is because in the last two years it has established itself as the place of location of various gastronomic establishments of different persuasions and backgrounds.
Among the main activities that can be performed are laser projections and sky, astronomy workshops, observation with telescope and conferences on topics related to astronomy.
Characterized by having a lot of restaurants and bars. It retains enough of the colonial architecture, which, although not very large or have especially good platform, makes it pleasant to walk. Besides this is an area that has preserved its colonial nature, which lives in harmony with the modern; It is very particular to this sector visit to appreciate the decembrinas lighting in the main square.
Located north of the city, between the streets Seventy-nine and eighty -five and eleven and fifteen races , near the mall Andino is an exclusive space of social interaction , meeting and rumba that provides a number of possibilities, because there many bars , restaurants and nightclubs.
It is a paved walkway with restaurants , cafes , shops and jewelry stores with attractive windows and a traveling gallery where held photo exhibitions are held.
Neighboring municipality to Bogota , it brings numerous nightclubs visited especially at night , taking advantage of the excellent view you have on the capital.
Other entertainment areas located south of the city are the Avenue First of May at the height of Avenida Boyaca and the Restrepo neighborhood. Moreover , it is growing a prominent area of bars and nightclubs in the vicinity of the neighboring municipality of Chia .