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DISCOVER LA HABANA


La Habana


It is the capital and the main port and the economic and cultural center of Cuba. Here are the top state bodies, central government offices and most of the nationwide companies and associations. It is also known by the name of Villa of San Cristobal de la Habana, as this was its founding name and nicknamed with Key to the New World and City of Columns. 

History 


It was the sixth town to be founded by the Spanish Crown in the island of Cuba. Its first name was San Cristobal de la Habana. Some speculate that the reason for the name could be that this was the patron saint of sailors, and Havana, as indigenous name for place. In the main square is a monument called The Temple, which commemorates the founding of the city in 1519. Between 1514 and 1519, before being founded as it is now known, this had 2 different settlements which in the year 1514 were located at the mouth of Onicaxinal river near the beach Mayabeque and the other in the Chorrera, near the Almendares River. We can still find some retaining walls dams in this area, the oldest in the Caribbean. 

Location 

It is the largest of the Antilles strategically located at the entrance of the Gulf of Mexico, bathed by the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. It is an archipelago of Cuba, the Isle of Pines and several islets. The island of Cuba and the Isle of Pines are the only ones conditioned for living. Climate This city has a humid subtropical climate, the average annual temperature is 24° C, due to the fact that Cuba has 2 stations, which are dry and rainy. It is also possible to find the addition of cold fronts, which can cause low temperatures to 10 ° C. 

Economy


The economy is sustained by various natural resources that are available in this country, which include cobalt and nickel as well as the movement money from the millions of tourists visiting the tropical landscapes on the island of Cuba. Human capital is one of the essential pillars of the economy of this country, which has the highest rates of literacy, life expectancy and health care throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. 

Gastronomy


 

This kitchen has a large influence of African food due to the incorporation of African slaves in the cane fields, as well as the incorporation of Spanish and Caribbean cuisine. 

Ajiaco: This is the name given to a kind of typical soups in Latin America intertropical. Usually it consists of a soup or stew based on various solid ingredients such as vegetables or roots chopped into pieces and small pieces of various meats. Depending on the area or country could include pepper or avocado. 

Cuban sandwich: It is a kind of snack that is often found in Cuba and in certain US regions where the Cuban community is important like Miami and Tampa, Florida. In other countries like Panama and Colombia, it is widely spread as fast food. It is made of Cuban toast and sliced grilled cheese with sliced pork preferably char-grilled ham leg is a mistake to think q ham sandwich or visking used. 

Caldosa: It is a typical Cuban dish made from roots, vegetables, meats, spices and a variety of vegetables. It really is a modern way to call or Sancocho Ajiaco dishes that are typical of Cuba and several countries in the Caribbean region, each with its peculiarities and varieties. 

Ropa Vieja, dried Meat or meatloaf: It is a preparation of shredded meat, specifically beef cuts, consumed mainly in the Community of Madrid, Murcia, Andalusia, the Canary Islands, Cuba, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Colombia, Mexico, Costa Rica and Panama. There are many ways to prepare the dish, as a dish is usually derived. In the Caribbean area, the shredded meat accompanied by beans, bananas, and white rice and sometimes is used as filling for arepas. 

Festivities


 

International Crafts Fair 

From 8 to 18 of December. The fair provides multiple spaces for the promotion and marketing of the works of our artisans and artists, as well as the exchange of experiences between creators and the public. Expo selling, collateral exhibitions, fashion shows, workshops and theoretical encounters on the development and market of Visual Arts and Crafts will be among the options to be held during the fair. 

International Jazz Festival "Jazz Plaza" 

From 15 to 18 of December. With the presence of the prestigious maestro Jesús "Chucho" Valdés, there has been an important tradition and international repercussion of Latin Jazz or Cuban Jazz in which relevant figures, exponents of the genre, flaunt their virtuosity and talent. You can will appreciate performances of bands, ensembles and soloists. Discussions and debates about gender are developed. 

International Festival of New Latin American Cinema 

From 2 to 12 of December. One of the most prestigious film festivals, offering a wide panorama of the audiovisual production of the continent, where the main fiction film industries worldwide, as well as the most prestigious documentaries in the world are exposed. Includes script and posters contest, seminars on cinema and new technologies and about Latin cinema in USA. It has dedicated to the audiovisual world of Latin American children.

International Ballet Festival Ballet 

Festival, held at the Gran Theater of the Habana, every two years. Created in 1960 by a joint effort of the National Ballet of Cuba, the National Institute of Tourism Industry and cultural government organizations, the International Ballet Festival of Havana was added to the plans for mass dissemination of the arts that began after the triumph of the Cuban Revolution on January 1, 1959. The Festival, with its global nature, has allowed people to enjoy performances and works of prestigious figures from the world of dance and has also shown to visitors high level reached by the Cuban ballet. In 2016 celebrates its 58 anniversary. This is defined as one of the most celebrated in the ancient world. Created in 1960, quickly it became one of the most momentous events of the Cuban national culture and international dance. 

Places of interest 

Monument to Maximo Gomez 

Maximo GomezMaximo Gomez monument is a sculpture built by Italian Aldo Gamba in 1935. The Dominican General Maximo Gomez was one of the main military leaders during the Wars of Independence of Cuba. He led the rebel troops against the Spanish authorities during the Ten Year War and refused to sign the Peace of Zanjón in 1878. 




Monument to Antonio Maceo 

Antonio MaceoKnown as "The Bronze Titan," the mulatto General Antonio Maceo was one of the most important and influential leader in the Wars of Independence of Cuba. A bronze equestrian statue representing Antonio Maceo, dressed in his military uniform and machete, tops the monument. In the original design of the Italian Domenico Boni, Antonio Maceo was represented at full gallop on a group of bristling bayonets, but members of the competition committee, felt that this shot of the monument "was a severe difficulty rapport and mutual love Spanish and Cuban "and therefore, the initial project was replaced by another. 

The National Capitol

CapitolioBuilt in 1929 in Havana under the direction of architect Eugenio Raynieri Stone commissioned by the then Cuban President Gerardo Machado. The building would be designed to accommodate and host the two chambers of Congress or legislative body of the Republic of Cuba. Inspired by the United States Capitol, the building has a neoclassical facade and a columnar dome reaches 91.73 m.


La Bodeguita del Medio 

Bodeguita del MedioOne of the things to do in Havana is drink a mojito. A mojito in the Bodeguita del Medio costs 5 CUC. It was certainly rich, but its cost is very high. Maybe the atmosphere with live music, which of course would soon ask for an additional tip. On the walls there are writings of people from all over the world and one of them is attributed to Hemingway, but it is not clear that was his.