Barcelona is a city of Spain, capital of the province and the autonomous community of Catalonia. It is the second largest city in Spain after Madrid, and the eleventh of the European Union.
Barcelona has hosted several international events that have helped to consolidate and develop and provide global projection. The most relevant are the Universal Exhibition of 1888, the International Exhibition of 1929, the Summer Olympic Games 1992 and the Universal Forum of Cultures 2004. It also hosts the secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean
Barcelona's history extends over 4000 years, from the late Neolithic, with the first remains found in the territory of the city until today. The substrate of its inhabitants combines the Iberian peoples (layetanos), Carthaginians, Romans, Jews, Visigoths, Muslims and Christians. Although the remains of Iberian and Carthaginian settlements, the real birth of the city took place in Roman times, whose first splendor will evolve to become one of the main ports of the western Mediterranean, in the Middle Ages reaching primacy over the other Catalan counties and becoming one of the most important cities of the Crown of Aragon. After the union of Castile and Aragon Barcelona it has always enjoyed a position of great importance in the political, social and economic development of Spain.
Today, Barcelona is recognized as a global city for its cultural, financial, commercial and tourist importance. It has one of the largest ports in the Mediterranean and is also an important communications point between Spain and France, due to motorway connections and high-speed train. The Barcelona El Prat Airport, located 15 km from the center of the city, was used by more than 37.5 million passengers in 2014
Located on the Mediterranean Sea, about 120 km south of the mountain range of the Pyrenees and the border with France, in a small coastal plain bounded by the sea to the east, the Collserola west, the river Llobregat south and north the River Besos. For being the county town of Barcelona, it is often referred to it with the name of Ciudad Condal antonomastic.
Barcelona has a humid Mediterranean climate, so in any season Barcelona live in the sun, enjoying a warm and welcoming atmosphere. Temperatures are warm in summer and mild winter with little daily thermal oscillation.
The cuisine of Barcelona is the set of dishes and culinary habits in Barcelona. Barcelona: in it the culinary capital is included. The province has a varied mountainous terrain at the same time one of the most populated coast of the Iberian peninsula and one of the provinces with the highest population density in Catalonia.
Cooked beans with various types of sausages, such as black sausage and ham, and vegetables also. They are usually served hot in a clay pot, and is a very typical food in the winter.
It is a kind of toast on an eggplant with anchovies and red pepper mix, all grilled over a wood fire, so that the ingredients enhance the flavor Like any good Catalan bread is rubbed with tomato and olive oil.
Pan amb Tomatec
It is the simplest but most popular Catalan dish. This is done slices of bread (ideally brown) with oil, salt and tomato rubbed. The tomatoes used to make this dish are different from tomatoes used in salads. It is smaller, round, and very red, and are often grown in the Levant.
Butifarra amb mongetes
Again, the vegetables in this dish with sausage, in this case it is a plate of beans with this kind of sausage and darker with a less spicy taste are combined. It is also typical in winter.
It is a salad in which the cod is combined with vegetables such as tomatoes, onions, olives, pepper and egg.
The Catalan cuisine also has typical delicious and cooked throughout Spain desserts, such as the Catalan cream. They're kind of sweet custard with caramelized sugar on the surface.
Historically Barcelona's economy is based on trade, thanks to its strategic geographical location has always allowed an intense commercial activity with France and the rest of Spain, in addition to all the territories of the Mediterranean, especially through its port . This activity was the main driver of the city until the industrial revolution. It is little known that this was one of the first territories in initiating industrialization in continental Europe, from the textile industry since mid-1780, but really gained momentum in the mid-nineteenth century, when it became an important center for the production of textiles and machinery.
Places of interest
La Sagrada Familia/holy Family
La Sagrada Familia in Barcelona is the most important work of Antonio Gaudi and Barcelona's most visited monument. He knows their secrets.
Parque Güell/Guell park
Built between 1900 and 1914 by the famous architect Antonio Gaudi, Guell Park has become its own right in one of the essential visits of Barcelona.
The Aquarium of Barcelona is one of the largest aquariums in the world. It houses more than 11,000 fish and sea creatures of 450 different species.
The Casa Batllo is the masterpiece of Gaudí, a building become a myth of art. It was built between 1904 and 1906 commissioned by Josep Batllo.
Casa Mila - La Pedrera
La Casa Mila, known to all as La Pedrera by its stone appearance, is a striking modernist building designed by Gaudí between 1906 and 1912.
The Barcelona Zoo has one of the largest collections of animals in Europe, and is known because it was the home of the albino gorilla Snowflake.
Pueblo Español/Spanish village
Created for the International Exhibition of 1929, the "Poble Espanyol" is a place where the most beautiful parts of various peoples of the Spanish geography are represented.
Mercado de La Boquería/La Boqueria market
Market San Jose, better known as "La Boqueria" is the most famous market in Barcelona and one of its main tourist attractions.