Calgary is one of the largest cities in the province of Alberta and the third city with most people in Canada. It is located in a region of foothills and high plains, approximately 80 kilometers east of the Rocky Mountains Calgary get an economy fortified by its oil industry, agriculture, tourism and high technology development. One of the most beautiful cities in North America where you can practice winter sports and ecotourism, is located east of the breathtaking Rocky Mountains. With about a million inhabitants, Calgary, is a major tourist destination in Canada.
Calgary area was inhabited by members of the preclovis culture, whose presence dates back more than 11,000 years. Before the arrival of Europeans the area was inhabited by indigenous peoples as the Blackfoot, the Kainai, the Peigan and Sarsi, towns that were part of the Blackfoot Confederacy. In 1787, cartographer David Thompson spent the winter with a group of Indians Peigan encamped along the Bow River; It was the first European to visit the place. In 1873, John Glenn became the first European to settle in the region.
The site became a station the North West Mounted Police (now the Royal Canadian Mounted Police). The establishment of the Mounted Police task was to protect the western plains from sellers of whiskey from the United States. Originally named Fort Brisebois, by Ephrem-A official. Brisebois of the Mounted Police, the city was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876, because of the questionable behavior of Brisebois. But it was Colonel James Macleod who gives the city the name of a beach on the island of Mull, Scotland (Cala-ghearraidh, beach grass).
In 1883 the Canadian Pacific Railway arrives at Calgary. The Canadian government, which sought to populate the Midwest until then sparsely populated, offered free land to individuals and families who wished. This attracted immigrants from the United States and, on a smaller scale, Scottish and Irish. Several Chinese workers, who made up much of the workforce that was building the railway, were also installed in the settlement, and Calgary started to become an important commercial and agricultural center. Today, the official site of the Canadian Pacific Railway is still in the city.
Calgary officially obtains the status of municipality in 1884 and elects its first mayor, George Murdoch. In 1894, Calgary became the first city in what was then the Northwest Territories.
Calgary is located in the central part of the country and is one of the regions where there is increased production of meat. Typically it takes roast and steaks or hamburger and fries or accompanied with some salad. Thus, the Calgary beef hash is one of the most typical dishes of the central region, cured meat which features also include beans.
It is very popular a country style breakfast, scrambled eggs, bacon, potatoes, sweet beans and pancakes served with maple syrup and butter.
The typical meal consists of cuts of beef roasted with firewood and accompanied by salads, potatoes or beans.
Calgary has a continental climate with long, dry but variable winters and short, warm summers. The climate is strongly influenced by the elevation of the city and proximity to the Rocky Mountains. Although the cold winters of Calgary can be very uncomfortable, from the Pacific Ocean regularly blow warm, dry winds called "Chinook" during the winter months, giving city residents a truce to cold. Sometimes, these winds have pushed the temperature over 15 ° C, and can last several days. Chinooks are a regular feature of Calgary's winters that only one month (January 1950) has not registered melting of more than 100 years of weather observations. Over half of winter days have a maximum above 0 ° C. Sometimes, the winter temperatures can reach over 20 ° C.
Calgary's economy is now in full swing. It is experiencing a demographic expansion of the fastest in the country. The gas industry and oil captures the majority of the economy, but has also invested heavily in other sectors. Tourism is one of the economic activities most development is knowing: about five million people visit the city each year, attracted by its many festivals and other attractions like the Calgary Stampede. The resort towns of Banff, Lake Louise and Canmore, located very close to the Rocky Mountains, have become very popular with tourists and it brings economic benefits for Calgary. Other important sectors include light manufacturing, high tech, film, transportation and services. The city has one of the highest levels of living in the world.
Calgary is situated between the foot of the Rocky Mountains and the Canadian Prairies and is, therefore, a mountainous area. The elevation of the city is about 1048 meters above sea level in the center and 1083 meters at the airport. The territory of the city itself covers an area of 721 square kilometers.
Two major rivers flow through the city. The Bow River is the largest and flows from west to south. The Elbow River flows north from the south, before emptying into the Bow near the city center. Since the climate of the region is generally dry, dense vegetation grows naturally only on the banks of rivers and Fish Creek Provincial Park, the largest urban park in Canada.
Tourist level recognized for its festivals such as:
A week-long celebration of the music, food, dance, theatre, film, literature and visual arts of Africa and her descendant cultures.
Calgary Stampede :
It recognizes itself as "The Greatest Show on Earth outdoors' is a great festival to be held in Calgary, Alberta, Canada for 10 days every summer (about mid July). It is one of the longest events in Canada and the rodeo world's largest at open air.
The International Fireworks Festival :
The International Fireworks Festival is held at Elliston Park in Southeast Calgary and is presented by Trico Homes. Each night of the festival showcases a different nation. Participants attend by invitation of the organizers. Pyrotechnic displays take place over Elliston Park and are synchronized to music. Thus, these choreography pyrotechnic arrangements are referred to as 'pyro-musicals'.
This annual festival is a celebration of the arts and culture of the Caribbean. The day begins with a parade from Olympic Plaza to Shaw Millennium Park at 11 a.m., and the Sunshine Festival at Shaw Millennium Park runs from 11 a.m. until 7 p.m. Expect Caribbean music and performances, an arts and crafts market area and plenty of food options
Calgary Zoo :
More than 1,000 animals from around the world, many in enclosures simulating their natural habitats, make Calgary's zoo one of the top rated in North America
Canada's Sports Hall of Fame :
Canada's Sports Hall of Fame will share the stories of achievement of our Honoured Members so that we can inspire all Canadians to be the best they can be in all aspects of life.
Aero Space Museum :
Founded in 1975 by former WWII pilots and aviation enthusiasts, the Aero Space Museum preserves and promotes the stories of people who contributed to the aviation and space industry in Western Canada."
Heritage Park Historical Village :
Heritage Park Historical Village first opened its gates on July 1, 1964. Since opening its doors, the Park has grown into one of Calgary’s premier tourist attractions. Throughout the year, guests have the opportunity to interact with nearly 100 years of history. Heritage Park’s exhibits span the early 1860s fur trade to the petroleum and automobile-dominated 1950s. It is the Park’s mission to preserve the history of the early West and to educate and entertain guests.
Prince's Island Park :
Since its development as a park in the 1950s, Prince's Island Park has been recognized as an urban oasis and is an important contributor to the cultural and recreational quality of life for Calgarians. In March 1999, Council approved a renovation of the island, including wetland construction and native plant restoration.
Glenbow Museum :
Glenbow's vision is for more people to experience art and culture more often. In February of 2014, Glenbow announced its new direction - to provide visitors with a new kind of art museum experience. Glenbow showcases world-renowned travelling and permanent exhibitions that are meaningful to many diverse groups in our community, boasts the largest art collection in Western Canada and provides access and care to our collections.