Welcome to the "Greater Houston"
It is the fourth most populated city in the United States and the largest in the state of Texas, located in the counties of Harris, Montgomery and Fort Bend. Founded on August 30, 1836 near the Buffalo Bayou River by the Brothers Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen.
As the capital of Texas was ravaged by Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the Allen brothers decided to buy land on the banks of Buffalo Bayou Rio with a 27 km² area, with a price of $344.4 per km², with the idea of founding a town near Harrisburg. The scriptures were signed on 26 August 1836 and then, on August 30, published in the Telegraph and Texas Register to attract people to this new city. The response was so great that for before they could finish making all necessary paperwork; tent and wood houses were already set in place by many. The brothers decided to name the city Houston, in honor of General Samuel Houston to survived the battle of San Jacinto and in that year was elected president of the state of Texas. It was incorporating into the State on the 5th of June of 1837, and its first mayor was James S. Holman. That same year it became the county seat of Harrisburg (now called Harris County), following the request of its founders in the capital of the Republic of Texas.
Houston is located at coordinates 29 ° 46'50 "N, 95 ° 23'11" W. According to the United States Census Bureau, Houston has a total area of 1,625.2 km², of which 1,552.92 km² is flat land and (4.45%) 72.28 km² is water. Most of Houston is located on the gulf coastal plain, and its vegetation is classified as temperate grassland and forest. The city center is about 15 meters above sea level and the highest point northwest of Houston is located approximately 38 meters high.
Houston has a rated Cfa by the rating system Koppen for its humid subtropical climate. Tornadoes often occur in this area due to spring supercell storms. It is hot in this area due to the winds from south and southeast over the deserts of Mexico. The temperature rises to 32° C in summer with an average 99 days in the year above this temperature but it the heat index feels hotter thanks to the humidity. It has an average of 90% humidity in the morning and 60% in the afternoon. The winds are stronger in summer but this does not offer much relief to the area, except for the coastal zone. The afternoon thunderstorms are common in the city during the summer. The hottest temperature ever recorded in Houston was 43° C on September 4, 2000. Winters in the Texas town are soft and fresh. The average maximum in January, the coldest month, is 16 ° C, while the average minimum low of 5 ° C. On general, the snow is very rare.
The main economic branch is business, which is growing rapidly relying mainly on its strong energy base. The main industries incorporate the technology, medicine, health care and professional services sectors, some examples are: Oil Exploration, basic oil refinery, petrochemical production, medical research and health care, state of the art technology (computer, aerospace, ecology, etc.), commercial fishing, among others. It houses numerous businesses, including corporate headquarters of Fortune 500 companies. Support is provided to all employers so new businesses that start to grow and eventually become part of the Fortune 500 group.
Houston is a city with a variety of dining options. Thanks to its proximity to Mexico; food is greatly influenced in the city and has generated a merger of foods known as Tex-Mex food. One of the important dishes is meat, although beans, tortillas and spices are also included. One of the dishes prepared with these ingredients is called chili that is a delicious soup with a pinch of spiciness. It gastronomy has also been influence by the French, Spanish, Caribbean, African and American communities. The main ingredients of this food are beans, rice, pepper and citrus juices. The main dishes served in this kitchen are the gumbo is a soup with rice, chicken, seafood and other meats like tasso, which is a type of ham used in Cajun cuisine. Jambalaya is another favorite dish. It consists of a seasoned with pepper and rice, chicken, ham, sausage and tomatoes. These meals are recommended to be accompanied with a glass of cold beer.
Houston Chevron Marathon: This traditional race of 42 kilometers starts in Congress Street between San Jacinto and Caroline and ends at the George R. Brown Convention Center in the city center. Houston Marathon today attracts more than 18,000 participants from around the world.
World's Championship Bar-B-Que Contest: Delicious and fun three-day event that consists of barbeque competing before the Houston Rodeo. Come be part of the competition, come eat and dance. The winning teams in each of the categories (beef, chicken, pork and ribs) take home a beautiful trophy.
Rodeo Parade (Parade Rodeo): Each spring, for more than 70 years, the city becomes a metropolis of business to a celebration of the Tejano heritage. Decorated floats mingle with hundreds of cowboys and cowgirls on horseback while parading with marching bands. The enthusiastic spectators, who come from all over, line the streets and sidewalks to be part of one of the most popular celebrations of Houston.
Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo (Rodeo and Livestock Show): The world's largest rodeo and tradition in Houston since 1932. It is currently carried out in the NRG Park and is one of the most important events of the year. Every day visitors enjoy Rodeo competitions, auctions, shopping, exhibitions and concerts by big stars. Buffalo Bayou Regatta: The large canoe race in Texas. Around 200 participants sail the waters of Buffalo Bayou in downtown Houston every year.
Houston Children's Festival: The official celebration for the family in Houston takes place annually in the downtown area. The event, to benefit of the organization Child Advocates, Inc., offers a dazzling combination of activities including six scenarios for shows, over 350 games and 10 areas of adventure for the whole family.
Places of interest
It is a dynamic entertainment complex, is a place where you can have dinner, see a movie, or enjoy a live performance.
One of the most striking sites across the city is undoubtedly the striking center or downtown Houston. This large area of dozens of streets full of contrasts: modern skyscrapers and old buildings of the nineteenth century; hand-built sites like Main Street with its attractive fountains where the new Metro Rail crosses, and ancestral bayous surrounded by natural scenery and ostentatious buildings of JPMorgan Chase and Wells Fargo Plaza Tower with panoramic viewpoints, and modest but always attractive and numerous green parks like Discovery Green.
A historic site established early in the century located just minutes south of downtown, with cultural and recreational activities for all visitors. The city zoo (considered one of the best preserved with one of the largest collections of animals in the country), the Miller Outdoor Theater, Museum of Natural Science in Houston, striking Japanese Garden, Lake McGovern and one of the first not segregated public golf courses are found here.
Located in Houston you will find an underground place, a modern site full of attractions. Consists of a simple but striking tunnel system called the Houston Tunnel System. Scroll through the basement of a building to another or from one street to another,that is cool in summer and warm in winter. The Houston Tunnel System apart from offering a pleasant climate counts on restaurants and shops. It is normally open Monday through Friday from 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM.
Another of the great attractions in Houston is the spectacular Aquarium (Downtown Aquarium) located in the city center. All an adventure of almost 2 million liters of water! This resort offers visitors and a great aquarium with over 200 different species and marine exhibits a Ferris wheel, an aquatic carousel and a white tiger exhibit and a restaurant.