Ibiza is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, which is next to Mallorca, Menorca and Formentera and several smaller islets of the archipelago and autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain. It has an area of 572 square kilometers and a population of 133,702 inhabitants.
Its length is 210 km coastline, where more than 40 rocks and islets of various sizes alternate. The maximum distances of the island are 41 kilometers from north to south and 15 kilometers from east to west. It has a very irregular morphology formed by several mountains of which the highest is Sa Talaia, located in the municipality of San José, 475 meters.
The island is very famous throughout the world for its beautiful coves and beaches and water quality, as well as parties and nightclubs, which attract many tourists. The port area of Ibiza also attracts many tourists for its nightlife.
During the Neolithic Stone Age recently, Ibiza was a stopping point for sailors engaged in trade and had not thought to stable population. They found traces proving that the island was inhabited during the Bronze Age. The first peoples who inhabited the island were of Iberian origin.
During the previous millennium BC the island came to the Phoenicians and later the Greeks who called it, along with Formentera, "Pine Islands" in Greek -place of Pinos.
Ibiza was founded by the Carthaginians. In 654 the Carthaginians founded the town of Ibosim, strategic and commercial strength and an excellent natural harbor for their ships, and began the exploitation of the salt.
After the fall of Carthage in 146 B.C. and up to 70 AD, Ibiza became a center for pirates, why Rome decided to occupy and in 70 was incorporated into Spain under the name Ebusus.
In the 426 Ebusus was devastated by the Vandals of Genseric that joined the North African empire. In 554 he became Byzantine hands.
From 902 to 1229 Ibiza was under Muslim rule under the name of Yebisah. Earlier this domain the island depended on the Emirate of Córdoba and later the Taifa kingdom of Denia, until in 1080 the Moorish kingdom of Balearic declared independence.
In 1114 it was occupied by the troops of the Republic of Pisa and the Catalan Count Ramon Barenguer III, with little success but with a big booty, as they fled after ordering Muslims to help the Almoravids.
In 1235 Gillerm de Montgri, with the blessing of King James I of Aragon the Conqueror took the island to the Crown of Aragon and expelled or enslaved the Muslim population, repopulating the island with people Ampurdán, Barcelona and Tarragona.
King James II of Mallorca Ibiza awarded a municipal government that lasted until the Decree of 1454 balloting.
During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries Ibiza was creating a mercantile and aristocratic class and one in the field that was gradually impoverishing due to pests and drought.
In 1522 the Germanies of the city intervened Mallorca, Ibiza entering a period of endemic poverty, compounded by changing routes to the Atlantic from the discoveries of 1492, attacks by the Turks in 1536 and the great plague 1652.
After the War of Spanish Succession to the Crown between Austrians and Bourbons, King Philip V stripped Ibiza, for his support of the Austrian losers of their income from salinas, exploited since the time of the Carthaginians, and their bodies removed government following the enactment of the Decree of New Plant.
The impoverishment of the island continued throughout the eighteenth century, despite the growing shipping activity by the rise of the pirates and the important cultivation of almonds.
The differences between the inhabitants of the city of Ibiza and the peasantry were more and, in the early nineteenth century, social tensions exploded. Armed peasants were against the city, but were defeated and summarily tried in 1824. At the time of the Restoration, after further demonstrations, many peasants were expelled from the island.
From 1868 Ibiza benefited from the contribution of capital from Cuba and the establishment of regular ferry service to the mainland, beginning a slow recovery until the Civil War. During the Civil War Ibiza came under attack from both sides lost more personal than material.
Since 1960 in Ibiza, as in all the Balearic, she began a frantic tourism growth here had its own personality, with the hippie movement, and that eventually would lead to a young and disco tourism, becoming the capital of the young party in Europe.
The beauty and climate of the island, with beautiful beaches and coves, has made tourism has brought wealth to the island and, in fact, has become a monoculture, with the construction.
Ibiza is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and its eponymous capital falls directly within the services sector turismo.Forma the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands and belongs to Spain only with its 44 kilometers long and 26 wide .The island of Ibiza has an area of 570 square kilometers and is located 91 kilometers from the Spanish east coast.
Ibiza has a very mild climate, in winter the temperature rarely goes down to 0 ° C. From November to April the average daytime temperature is 15 ° C even when the sun rises you can climb to 25 degrees C.
The rains are usually short rarely more than three consecutive days. The rest of the time the sun is shining and the sky is blue and cloudless.
The summer season and the first few days of pleasant beach begin in May, with beautiful and bright sunny days and temperatures above 20 C.
Between June and September there is very little rain. In July and August the temperature rises above 30 degrees C. And with the water temperature at 25 ° - 27 °.
In the late 60s and during the 70s, the island of Ibiza enjoyed a tourist expansion that has allowed economic development above that provided their traditional resources (fishing and agriculture).
Today is point of reference for young people around the world for its lively nightlife. The island also offers numerous coves and beaches for those seeking tranquility. Flaón handicrafts as the "orelletes 'or liquor' Ibizan herbs" is sold. In the textile area is famous adlib fashion. Markets abound as Es Cana and Las Dalias.
In recent years Ibiza became a destination for thousands of national and international tourists given the climatic conditions, its beaches, nightlife and openness to which characterizes it.
The cuisine of Ibiza sums up the culture and history of the island. Land border, culinary specialties reflect this melting pot, while maintaining ancestral roots and elaborations are compendium of wit island before some precious products.
They are highly valued products, not only by locals, but by visitors. The restaurants on the island maintain a high level and represent a major tourism attraction.
Guisat de peix y el peix sec
Guisat de peix and Peix sec are two of the culinary specialties of Ibiza and, by extension, Formentera. Both dishes tell of the long seafaring tradition of these islands and are a real treat for the palate. This is a delicious potato stew with fish and seafood, seasoned with garlic sauce. Meanwhile peix sec The ingredients of this delicious salad are the dry fish, tomato, potato and onion.
Borrida de Rajada
A delicious and traditional dish of the Mediterranean, deep-rooted in popular gastronomy of Ibiza and Formentera, where it is prepared in a special way. Raya is made with potatoes, eggs, parsley, garlic, fried bread, toasted almonds, saffron and olive oil.
A very typical of the inland, prepared with products from poultry dish. Traditionally it served in celebrations and at any time of year. It is made with lamb and chicken meat, spicy sausage, botifarrón, potatoes, garlic, bay leaf, saffron, cumin, parsley, roasted almond and lard
Ses Salines Natural Park
The Ses Salines Natural Park comprises the area between the South of Ibiza and Formentera North and occupies an area of 1.786,52 hectares land and 13.611,80 marine.
Playa d'en Bossa
Playa d' Bossa, one of the most popular tourist resorts in Ibiza, is designed for tourists of the 21st century. Lately searched a more select clientele, but without renouncing the tourists with limited budget. It's time to experience the best with tourists and famous enjoying the atmosphere of this world famous vacation spot.
Museum and Necropolis of Puig des Molins
Museum archaeological d'Eivissa i Formentera (also known as MAEF) has two offices, one of them is located in Dalt Vila (Chapel of el Salvador) and the other in the Punic necropolis of Puig des Molins (in fact is a monographic Museum on the same necropolis).