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DISCOVER MONTERREY


Monterrey

Welcome to "La Sultana del Norte"




Monterrey is the capital and most populated city in the state of Nuevo León. Based on the last count of the CONAPO, INEGI, SEDESOL, the Monterrey metropolitan area has a total of 4,036,112 inhabitants making it the third most populated metropolitan area in the country.


Located in the northeast of the Mexican Republic, bordering to the North and East by Tamaulipas; to the South and to the West by San Luis Potosí and Zacatecas; and to the North by Coahuila, Tamaulipas and the US State of Texas.

Monterrey is one of the most developed cities in Mexico and with the greatest quality of life in Mexico. It has a great culture and history, not to mention that it is also a very important center for business, industry and economy.

History
Founded on September 20, 1596 by Spanish conqueror Diego de Montemayor. There were formerly two failed attempts to establish the city. The first formal foundation dates back to 1577 when Alberto del Canto instituted the village of Santa Lucia, which failed for various reasons. The second attempt was led by Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva in 1582 who founded the Villa de San Luis Rey. This second effort to establish the city gradually failed when the Holy Inquisition arrests Carvajal and gradually the neighbors begin to migrate to the Villa of Saltillo and other towns more protected from the attacks of the indigenous peoples. 

Economy
Monterrey is economically stable for being the base for national and international companies such as Cemex, Oxxo or FEMSA, among others, which helped it to obtain the title of "The Industrial Capital of Mexico". Considered the second richest city of Mexico and ninth in Latin America with a PIB PPA of  $130,700 million in 2012.

Monterrey is considered the city of business The city is home to major companies and industrial groups with international operations as: FEMSA, Grupo Alfa,CEMEX, Axtel, Ternium, Vitro, Lamosa, Cervecería Cuauhtémoc Moctezuma, Banorte, Maseca, Protexa, Selther, Gamesa biscuits, Barrilitos, Del Valle, Organizacion Soriana, Grupo Allen, British American Tobacco, FAMSA group, IMSA, Cydsa, Industrias Monterrey, Televisa Monterrey, Grupo Multimedios, TV Azteca Northeast, Siemens, LG Electronics and GE Money.

Topography
The city is nested between mountain ranges of the Sierra Madre Oriental. To the Northwest of the city lies the Sierra de las Mitras; the Sierra de la Silla in the Southeast; the Cerro del Topo Chico to the North; Sierra Las Mitras and the Sierra Madre mountains to the South.

Climate
The climate in Monterrey is semi-arid warm. The average annual temperature is around 20 degrees Celsius. The extreme temperatures in Monterrey can vary greatly between seasons. The winters are cold with temperatures that can drop to 0 degrees Celsius, while temperatures can soar up to 40 degrees Celsius that in summer.

Attractions

Cerro de la Silla


The Cerro de la Silla is the iconic symbol of the city of Monterrey, seen by all nuevoleoneses 1,770 meters above sea level. Named Cerro de la Silla (Hill of the Chair) by luso-espanol soldier Alberto del Canto for its resemblance to a horse saddle during his expedition of the area in 1577.

Fountain of Life

Large bronze structure, located in the Marcoplaza, dedicated to the water. Known by many as fountain of Neptune. The monument features Neptune, the Roman god of the seas and oceans accompanied by horses, women, Lions and a child. The sculpture was designed by the Spanish sculptor Luis Sanguino and was constructed by the state government in December of 1984.

Caves of Garcia

Located approximately 30 km northwest of the center of Monterrey by Abraham Lincoln Avenue. The Caves of Garcia were discovered in 1843 by the priest Juan Antonio Sobrevilla during an expedition in the region. On Mount Friar, 1,080 above sea level, and 750 meters above the road you will find the entrance to the approximately 50-60 million years old cave. Inside you will find 16 illuminated scenarios that are part of numerous Caverns of approximately 300 meters in length and 105 meters, covered with marine fossils, since they were submerged under the sea in prehistoric times.

Macroplaza

Located in the heart of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, next to the Government Palace. The fifth largest public plaza in the world with an area of 40 hectares, full of monuments, museums, parks, shops and stunning surrounding buildings. A night sight worth mentioning are the lights of the 70 meter high Faro del Comercio.

Glass Museum

The Museums mission is; to rescue, preserve and disseminate the history of glass in Mexico, as well as promoting a culture of appreciation to glass and promote artistic production with this material.

In its interior you can see 3 different rooms on different floors. The first level displays a chronological journey through the glass stages in Mexico. In the second level you will find handmade glass by Mexican artists. The attic of the Museum is a temporary room of contemporary glass art by local, national and international artists.

Museum of contemporary art of Monterrey
The Museum, also known as MARCO, was designed by architect Ricardo Legorreta and inaugurated on June 28, 1991. Its main mission is to spread the art of Mexico, Latin America and the world. It is located within the Macroplaza on the corner of Zuazua and Ocampo. By the entrance, you will find a sculpture of a bird of the Jaliscan artist Juan Soriano.

MARCO measures 16,000 square meters, of which 5,000 meters are for show rooms, distributed in 11 halls. The rest of the Museum are common areas such as: the central patio, Auditorium, shop, restaurant and the Sculpture Patio.

Museum of Mexican history
Opened on November 30, 1994, the Museum of Mexican history of Monterrey is located near the site where Monterrey was founded. The Museum preserves more than 1,200 pieces in its 15,000 square meters interior, which illustrate different periods of the development of Monterrey. The Museum features interactive user modules.

Museum of the Northeast

As its name suggests, this museum has on display part of the history of the State of Nuevo León, Coahuila, Tamaulipas and Texas. Located on Paseo Santa Lucia in a modern building created in 2007 by the architects Edmundo Salinas and Manuel Lasheras.

The Palace Museum

Sheltered on the ground floor of the Government Palace are four themed rooms with more than 400 pieces of history, including works of art, documents, photographs and clothing. Built in 1895 and of neoclassical architecture, the Palacio de Gobierno is symbol of determination and hard work by the nuevoleoneses to rise as a society.

Fundidora Park

One of the most recognized parks in Monterrey. Located on the land that occupied the old iron and steel smelter from 1900 to 1986 between the streets of Avenida Constitución, Av. Cristóbal Colón and Av. Francisco I. Madero. Named as a Museum of Industrial Archaeology Site on February 24, 2001. Visitors can enjoy a variety of activities in the 142 hectares of the Park; among these highlighting cultural, economic and all kinds a events and excursions on foot or by small boats.

Park Plaza Sesame

Theme Park open to the public in October 1995 located next to Parque Fundidora in a 10 hectares area full of great emotions for the family. The Park is divided into three sections: island adventure, Aqua mundo and Villasesamo where you will find a number of attractions such as mechanical games, theaters, swimming pools with water slides, wave pools, shops, restaurants and rest areas. During his tour the little ones can enjoy shows and meet their favorite characters from the Sesame Street series. Opening hours: Monday to Sunday from 10:00 to 20:00 hrs.

Paseo Santa Lucía

Artificial channel and pedestrian walkway of approximately 2,260 meters in length located in the center of Monterrey. The channel was inspired by the Riverwalk of San Antonio, Texas. Its construction began in 1996 and finally completed in 2007 after work was stopped for more than 9 years. The project included the regeneration of green areas, creation of commercial areas and a pedestrian walkway.

The main attractive of the Paseo Santa Lucía is a ride aboard small boats with capacity for 20 to 40 people along the canal where you can enjoy the beautiful sceneries, fountains and multicolored light displays during the night along.

Alfa Planetarium

Inaugurated on October 11, 1978, the Alfa Planetarium is home to the first Imax screen in Latino America and considered pioneer in "Interactive style museums". The room can accommodate up to 379 people and is considered among the best 5 Imax domes in the world by GSTA (Gigant ScreenTheaters Association.

The building designed by the architects Fernando Garza Trevino, Samuel Weiffberg and German Cuelles Ephraim, measures 40 meters in diameter and 34 meters in height and has a unique inclined cylinder design.