Louisiana, United States.
New Orleans is considered one of the most important cities in the southern United States and the State of Louisiana 's largest city and the main port of the Mississippi River .
In 2010 its population was 343,829 inhabitants. After being partially destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005 , the population decreased considerably by evacuation or death and in 2006 the population was about half , between 192,000 and 230,000 inhabitants.
New Orleans is a multicultural city in the southern United States ( particularly African influence , Latin , Spanish , French , ... ) , well known for its festivals , music and cuisine. Events such as Mardi Gras , Jazz Fest and the Sugar Bowl ( sugar bowl ) keep the city as a tourist destination constant .
New Orleans was founded in 1717 by French settlers led by Jean Baptiste Lemoyne, Sieur de Bienville , who gave the settlement the name of La Nouvelle - Orléans . The site for the founding of New Orleans, head of the colony , was chosen to be the delta plain of the Mississippi , to create a trade route with Native Americans set their tents between the Mississippi and Lake Pontchartrain. New Orleans became the capital of French Louisiana in 1772 , gaining prominence on Biloxi.
The multicultural nature of New Orleans is the main feature of the city. The city grew rapidly under the influence of Spanish culture, Spanish-American, French, American, as well as the immigration of French colonists and their slaves to flee the separatist revolt in Haiti. During the war of 1812, the British tried to conquer the city, but were repelled by the forces led by Andrew Jackson. New Orleans was the capital of the state of Louisiana to 1849 and between 1865 and 1880. Most of the city is under the sea level.
It is flanked by the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain, so that must be protected by levees. Until the early twentieth century there were severe restrictions on the construction of new buildings; only high floodplains constituting itself levees between multiple defluentes Mississippi Delta were used.
New Orleans is located on the banks of the Mississippi River , about 169 km upstream from the Gulf of Mexico . According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of 907 square kilometers, of which 467.6 square kilometers , or 51.55 % are land.
The city is located in the Mississippi Delta in the east and west banks of the river and south of Lake Pontchartrain. The area along the river is characterized by ridges and depressions . New Orleans was originally established in the highlands or natural levees along the river.
New Orleans weather is humid subtropical ( Koppen climate classification Cfa ) , with short, generally mild winters and hot, humid summers. In January , the average minimum morning are about 8 ° C, and the daily maximum of about 17 ° C . In July, the average minimum is 24 ° C and maximum 34 ° C . The lowest temperature recorded was -14 ° C on February 13, 1899 .
New Orleans has one of the largest and busiest ports in the world , and the New Orleans metropolitan area is a strong center of the maritime industry. New Orleans region is also responsible for a significant part of oil refining and petrochemicals produced by the nation, and serves as a tax base for white-collar oil on land and sea as well as in the production of natural gas.
Among its specialties are the Cangrejillos known as freshwater crawfish ; Sandwich Po 'boy ; shrimp and Gulf oysters and other seafood specialties ; the etouffee , jambalaya , gumbo and other Creole dishes .
Cochon au lait
Much like typical dish
the Spanish paella , which is
prepared with chicken , seafood
Traditional creole shrimp dish
with exquisite vegetable-based sauce
and tabasco sauce
Exquisite oysters topped with cheese
gratin , parsley , butter and crumbs
Cheese sandwich and Italian sausages
dipped in a delicious sauce made
Delicious traditional dessert prepared from
bananas flamed with rum and sugar , served
with vanilla ice cream .
Traditional dish of African origin that
made with shrimp, chicken and seafood.
New Orleans has many important tourist attractions, from the world-renowned French Quarter and Bourbon Street nightlife to the St. Charles Avenue (home of Tulane and Loyola Universities , the historic Hotel Pontchartrain , and many mansions of the nineteenth century) , and Magazine street with its many shops , boutiques and antique shops .
According to current travel guides , New Orleans is one of the ten most visited cities in the United States ; 10.1 million visitors came to New Orleans in 2004 , and the city was on pace to break that level visits in 2005. Before Katrina , there were 265 hotels with 38,338 rooms in the New Orleans metropolitan area . In May 2007 , there were more than 140 hotels and motels in operation with more than 31,000 rooms.
Is the name of the carnival held in New Orleans, Louisiana, Alabama and St. Louis, Missouri (USA). Its name derives from the French word, which directly translates into Spanish as "fat Tuesday", (like the Spanish Maundy Thursday) but is traditionally known as "Mardi Gras". It held the day before Ash Wednesday. Mardi Gras is properly the parade that takes place on the last day, but often, it is associated with all season. The so-called "fat Tuesday" refers to it being the last day to enjoy the culinary delights as both carnal before the withdrawal period that marks the beginning of Holy Week and Lent.
Places of interest
St. Louis Cathedral
The Cathedral is one of the most remarkable sights of New Orleans. Few cities in the world are so identified with a building like New Orleans. The city is recognized immediately by our cathedral and its positioned overlooking Jackson Square.
It is one of the oldest streets in New Orleans, dating from the French colonial era, and is known today for its antique shops, art galleries and stately hotels. Royal Street is the most famous street in the French Quarter, Bourbon Street also.
It is a historical park in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960. In 2012, the American Planning Association named Jackson Square as one of the great public spaces in the United States.
It is a cemetery in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. The name has caused some people to mistakenly assume that the cemetery is located in Metairie, Louisiana; but it is within the limits of the city of New Orleans in Metairie Road (previously on the banks of the already filled Bayou Metairie).