San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco (it is a city that ranks fourth most populous state of California and the 13 United States with a population of approximately 837,442 inhabitants in 2013.6 It is the only consolidated city-county in California, and cover a land area of 121 km² has the second highest population density in the country among cities with populations over 200,000 inhabitants, after New York. It is the cultural, financial and center transport the San Francisco Bay Area, a metropolitan agglomeration with more than seven million inhabitants. It is located at the northern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, with the Pacific Ocean to the west, the east and namesake bay entrance North Bay, which is only connected to the mainland by its southern end.
The city includes several islands located within the bay the most famous Alcatraz and the Farallones, which are located 43 kilometers offshore in the Pacific Ocean. It communicates with the rest of the country and the world through the San Francisco International Airport.
San Francisco is a popular destination for international tourists, being famous for the Golden Gate Bridge, the Transamerica Pyramid building, the trams that run its steep streets, its Modernist and Victorian architecture and its Chinatown, popularly called Chinatown. Near San Francisco is Silicon Valley, great research center in technology and cybernetics. The city is also an important financial and banking center, as it is home to more than thirty financial institutions, which has helped make San Francisco the eighteenth city in the world by GDP in 2008 and ninth in the United States.
Today is the second US city with better quality of life, second only to Honolulu
The city of San Francisco was founded by Spanish settlers in 1776. They built a fort in what is now the Golden Gate and founded a mission named for Francis of Assisi. San Francisco belonged to the Viceroyalty of New Spain until independence from Mexico in 1821. After the US intervention in Mexico between 1845 and 1848, the city and the rest of Alta California became American territory.
In 1848, the California Gold Rush propelled the city into a period of rapid growth from 1000 to 25 000 inhabitants in a year, which turned the city into the largest of the West Coast at the time. After being devastated by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama International Exposition and Pacific nine years later. During World War II, the city was the port of embarkation of thousands of soldiers who were leaving for the Pacific War. After the war, the confluence of returning military, mass immigration, liberal attitudes and other factors led to the Summer of Love known and movements in favor of gay rights, cementing San Francisco as a liberal bastion in the United States.
San Francisco is located on the West Coast of the United States, at the tip of the San Francisco Peninsula and includes significant stretches of the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay within its boundaries. Several islands like Alcatraz, Treasure Island, the neighboring island of Yerba Buena, and small parts of Alameda Island, Red Island and Angel Island are part of the city. It also includes the uninhabited islands Farallones, away 43 kilometers from the Pacific Ocean. The part on land within the city limits how about "square of seven by seven miles," a slang term used to refer to the shape of the city, although its total area, including surface covered by water, is nearly 600 km².
The climate of San Francisco is the characteristic climate of the Pacific coast of California, with fresh wet winters and dry summers. Since it is surrounded on three sides by water, the climate in San Francisco is strongly influenced by the cold currents of the Pacific Ocean which tends to moderate temperature swings and produce a cool climate, with little seasonal temperature variation. The dry season, from May to October, is fresh, with average maximum temperatures of 13-16 ° C and 6-8 ° C minimum. The rainy season, from November to April is cool with highs between 3 minimum temperatures 8-14 ° C and 6 ° C. On average, temperatures exceed 19 ° C in only 28 days a year.
The combination of cold ocean water and the heat of the Baja Peninsula in the city creates a fog feature that can cover the western half of the city all day in spring and early summer. Annual precipitation levels are around 870 mm and these take place during the rainy season, from November to April. On average, the rainy city experiences 187 days a year. Snow is extremely rare, since only 10 times has been registered in the city since 1852.
Tourism is the backbone of the economy of San Francisco. You will often see the image of the city in music, movies and popular culture, which has made the city and its landmarks recognizable worldwide. It is the city where Tony Bennett "left his heart" where the Fowler of Alcatraz spent many of his last years and where it was said that the Rice-A-Roni was the favorite food. San Francisco attracts the third largest number of foreign tourists of any city in the country, and states that the Pier 39 near Fisherman's Wharf is the third most popular tourist attraction in the nation. Over 16 million visitors came to San Francisco in 2007, representing an injection of nearly 8,200 million in the city. With a large hotel infrastructure and a center for world-class convention at the Moscone Center, San Francisco is also among the top ten destinations in North America for conventions and conferences.
The legacy of the California Gold Rush turned San Francisco into the principal banking and financial center of the West Coast in the early twentieth century. The Montgomery Street in the Financial District, known as the "Wall Street of the West", is home to the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, the headquarters of Wells Fargo. The Bank of America, a pioneer in making banking services accessible to the middle class, was founded in San Francisco and in the 1960s, built a modern skyscraper at 555 California Street for its corporate headquarters. Many large financial institutions, multinational banks and venture capital firms are headquartered in the city or have regional offices in it. With more than 30 international financial institutions, seven companies listed in Fortune 500 and a support infrastructure for professional services such as law, public relations, architecture and design-with a significant presence in the city. The city held the eighteenth place in the world of the list of cities by GDP in 2008 and ninth in the United States.
San Francisco's economy is increasingly linked more with their neighbors in the Bay Area, San Jose and Silicon Valley, south, sharing his need for highly qualified workers with specialized skills. San Francisco has positioned itself as a research center of biotechnology and biomedicine. Mission Bay neighborhood, site of a second campus of UCSF, fosters a budding industry and serves as the headquarters of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, the public body which finances research programs stem cell state.
San Francisco is a sophisticated city with an extensive gastronomic offer, it will find both international restaurants where dishes from the gourmet kitchen, as restaurants are served with a more casual and relaxed atmosphere. Being a city with a large fishing area, where there are numerous gastronomy dishes prepared with seafood, especially crab and clams.
The most popular traditional dishes are:
It is a cream of exceptional seafood, especially clams, which are used in all establishments in the spring and can take even walk down the street, where they serve in a bread which is only found here, called "sourdough bread" a sourdough that has not been replicated anywhere else, because the humidity and temperature required to develop occur only in Golden Gate bay.
It is a dish that is prepared with dungeness crab which is cooked in boiling water and served with different ingredients, the most common are Chinese noodles, spinach and seasoning. To enjoy the oriental style.
Golden Gate Park
Golden Gate Park, located in San Francisco, California, is a large urban park consisting of 1,017 acres of public grounds. Configured as a rectangle, it is similar in shape but 20% larger than Central Park in New York, to which it is often compared.
Aquarium of the Bay
Located on San Francisco’s walkable waterfront, Aquarium of the Bay provides unforgettable encounters with local marine life that inspire both wonder and conservation. Protecting, restoring, and inspiring the conservation of San Francisco Bay and its watershed-from the Sierra to the sea.
The Exploratorium is a world-renowned, playful learning laboratory of provocative exhibits & experiences that ignite curiosity & transform the way people learn.
John McLaren Park
Discover San Francisco’s second-largest park. In addition to playgrounds, picnic areas and game courts, you’ll find the Jerry Garcia Amphitheater, a golf course, McNab Lake and the newly renovated Coffman Pool.
Military prison and subsequently federal prison until 1963. Today, the island is a historic site operated by the National Park Service as part of the Golden Gate National Park and is open for tours. Tourists can reach the island by ferry from Pier 33, near Fisherman's Wharf in San Francisco.