Vancouver is a city on the Pacific coast of Canada, located in the southwest of the province of British Columbia, between the coastal mountains and the Strait of Georgia. The city was named in honor of Captain George Vancouver, an English Explorer commissioned to lead the expedition to Vancouver.
Starting in 2013, Vancouver has a population of 603,502. The tenth city most populated of Canada. Considered one of the three cities with the best quality of life in the world in 2002. Site of the Olympic and Paralympic Games in the nearby town of Whistler in the winter of 2010.
The population of Vancouver is extraordinarily diverse. The mother tongue of half of its residents is English, but Chinese and Cantonese are common in the city. There are communities, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Indian iraniese of great importance, as well as a large number of British, German, immigrants from the former Yugoslavia and a good number of filipinos.
There are archaeological remains indicating the presence of Aboriginal people in the area of the present Vancouver for at least 3,000 years. The remains of several settlements that are around Vancouver, collectors show the existence of a complex social system.
The first European exploration of the Strait of Georgia, including a landing in the Sunshine Coast region and the entry into waters or Burrard Inlet fjord (now Vancouver) was the Spanish captain Jose Maria Narváez and a year later by the British George Vancouver , were the beginning of change for the lives of the inhabitants of the indigenous peoples (who now refer to as Canadian first Nations). The explorer and trader of the North West Company, Simon Fraser and his crew were the first Europeans to those who visit is evidence that what today is the city.
In 1808 they descended the Fraser River, perhaps even Point Grey, near what is now the University of British Columbia. The first European settlement was established in 1862 in McLeery's Farm on the banks of the Fraser River east of the ancient village of Musqueam in what is today Marpole. The long relationship of the city with the logging began in 1863 when a sawmill was built in Moodyville (now North Vancouver). This was followed by other sawmill on the southern shore of the island owned by Captain Edward Stamp. Stamp, who had begun to cut into the Port Alberni. He first tried to establish a sawmill in Brockton Point, but the ocean currents and reefs forced him to relocate to a place near Dunlevy Street, called Hastings Mill.
The settlement of Gastown grew up quickly around the makeshift tavern established by "Gassy" Jack Deighton in 1867 on the edge of the Hastings Mill grounds. In 1870, the colonial government revised the settlement and established a town called "Granville," in honor of the then Secretary of State for the Colonies, Granville Leveson-Gower, second Earl of Granville. This place, with its natural jetty, was chosen as the final station Pacific Railway (Canadian Pacific Railway), unfortunately for Port Moody, New Westminster and Victoria, who had fought for it. The construction of the railway was one of the preconditions for British Columbia to join Confederation in 1871. The city of Vancouver was founded on April 6, 1886, the same year arrival of the first transcontinental railroad. With the arrival of the railroad the population increased from 5,000 inhabitants in 1887 to 100,000 in 1900. During the first decade of the twentieth century the population of Vancouver tripled. In parallel, the construction industry flourished.
In 1890, the beginnings of one of the world's first electric trams favored growth along what today are the main arteries of the city. Electricity was generated by rivers and lakes. Two trunk lines between Vancouver and New Westminster, one of which stretched along the Fraser Valley to Chilliwack River Valley were built. The other company was Lulu Island Railway, was on the Arbutus corridor to Richmond from a near Granville and Drake Street station.
Vancouver is located along the Strait of Georgia, which separates Vancouver Island. It is in the Pacific time zone (UTC-8) and the Pacific Maritime Ecozone. The city is part of the Burrard Peninsula and among the Burrard inlet (north) and the Fraser River River (south). For those unfamiliar with the area, it may be surprising that Vancouver is not on Vancouver Island. Both the island and the city (which has the same name in the US) named the captain of the Royal Navy, George Vancouver, who explored the region in 1792.
Vancouver has an area of 114.67 square kilometers, including hills and flat terrain. Vancouver is surrounded by water in an area of the country warmer humid climate. Although historical records has had about fifty streams and creeks in the area, currently only four
Vancouver is one of the warmest cities in Canada. The city has a temperate climate to Canadian standards. The summer months are usually dry, on average one every five days receives rainfall during the months of July and August. By contrast, the rainfall for the month of November to March is nearly a half.
On average, snow falls eleven days per year, with three days getting 6 cm or more. The annual average is 48.2 cm, but usually melts quickly. Winter in the Greater Vancouver is softer Canadian cities, then Victoria, Nanaimo and Duncan, all on Vancouver Island.
The economy of the city has traditionally depended on the primary sector of the British Columbia forestry, mining, fishing and agriculture. The town was originally founded in the 1860s as a result of immigration caused by the gold rush of the Fraser Canyon, and quickly developed to become a metropolitan center after the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1887.
The Port of Vancouver became internationally significant when the Panama Canal was completed, which reduced freight rates in 1920 and made possible the export of grain crops of the Canadian Prairies through the city. Since then it has been the most important seaport and Canada exports more cargo than any other port in North America.
However, Vancouver's economy has diversified over time: has grown the tourism industry, for example, and has become the third most important center of film production in North America, after Los Angeles and New York, earning the nickname Hollywood North.
Thanks to its privileged location and diverse climate, Vancouver is a city ideal for skiing down the mountain. Among the best places to practice this sport is Grouse Mountain located 10 kilometres north of downtown Vancouver.
The outdoor activities during the summer is another fun option for residents or tourists. Vancouver has many green areas and streets to enjoy during a tour through the city. Enjoy a ride by ferry to Granville Island. This site is a favorite spot for many to go shopping.
Bard on the Beach
Bard on the Beach is one of Canada's largest not-for-profit, professional Shakespeare festivals. It is presented on the waterfront in Kitsilano's Vanier Park, adjacent to Vancouver's downtown core. The festival offers Shakespeare plays, related dramas and several special events in two performance tents every June through September.
CELEBRATION OF LIGHT
Vancouver's summer signature event – the city’s annual free fireworks tradition held over four evenings at English Bay. The largest international fireworks competition in the world held every year at the end of July / beginning of August.
Mexico Fest began in 2008 as a celebration of the anniversary of Mexico’s Independence and has become the most important festival dedicated to Mexico in British Columbia. Mexico fest showcase Mexican music, traditions, spectacular tourism destinations and ample business opportunities.
Museum of Vancouver
The MOV is the largest civic museum in Canada and the oldest in Vancouver. The museum was founded in 1894 and recently went through a major re-visioning process in 2008. The Museum of Vancouver creates Vancouver-focused exhibitions and programs which encourage dynamic conversations about what was, is, and can be Vancouver.
Wreck Beach... is an internationally-acclaimed 7.8 km long clothing-optional beach, located in Vancouver, BC, Canada, making it North America's largest naturist beach.
Vancouver first, greatest and most beloved city park! Designated a National Historic Site of Canada, Stanley Park is a wonderful green oasis in the densely built urban landscape of Vancouver.