Paz is the capital of Baja California located south of the peninsula of Baja California. Originally home to guycuras until its discovery by Herman Cortés in 1534. La Paz has always been a quiet harbor, like no other, that surely you'll love. Recognized nationally and internationally for its natural beauty; highlighting its beautiful beaches ideal for rest and recreation, such as water sports, and a nostalgic and simplicity atmosphere unaffected by the years.
Cradle for "the world's largest aquarium", the Sea of Cortés, renowned for its biodiversity with around three thousand marine species inhabiting it. Dive into its clear waters and see exotic marine animals such as giant manta rays, whale sharks, hammerhead, blue whales, dolphins and a variety of pelagic fish.
The city of La Paz offers spectacular views of colorful sunsets over the beaches, colonial architecture beauties, the Cathedral of Our Lady of La Paz, the Regional Museum of Anthropology and History, Whale Museum, the City Theatre and Central Library and much more.
In ancient times there were three tribes in the area; the Pericúes, Guaycuras and Cochimíes. The Pericúes inhabited the south part of the Baja California peninsula, the Guaycuras inhabited the middle, and Cochimíes the north end.
After his expedition through the states of Sinaloa, Jalisco and Nayarit, Hernan Cortés travels west to the Bay of Santa Cruz, now known as La Paz, on May 3, 1535. After taking control of the bay, Hernan Cortés established a colony that was abandoned for lack of supply a few years later. It was not until 1596 that Admiral Sebastián Vizcaíno went exploring Baja California by order of the King of Spain and renamed this region as Bahia de La Paz and establishing a permanent camp.
It is located in the southern part of the peninsula of Baja California, 215 km south from Constitución city, 150 km north of Cabo San Lucas and 81 km north of the magical town of Todos Santos, 0-27 meters above sea level. Bounded by the west by the Pacific Ocean and the east by the Gulf of California. La Paz is located in front of an body of water of 1,203 km square called the Gulf of California, commonly known as the Sea of Cortés, between the states of Baja California Sur, Sinaloa and Sonora.
The geographical area where it is located influences the climate of La Paz, Baja California. The city is located on the latitud where you will find the largest number of deserts in the world and a few kilometers above the tropical tropics. Its climate is between dry-semi-warm and temperate humid with maximum average temperatures reaching 35 degrees Celsius in summer and down to the average of 9 degrees Celsius during winter.
Rainfall in the area is scarce, mainly present during the summer during August and September with an average of 178 mm of rain per year.
A weather phenomenon that citizens should be aware of is hurricanes. 19 tropical cyclones are predicted over the Pacific Ocean for 2015, 4 of these Category 3, 4 or 5 according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. Hurricane season began on May 15 and ends on November 30th.
The Cerralvo Island is located 65 km east of La Paz. Its length is 30 km and reaches 7 km wide. It has an area of 136.5 km² making it the ninth largest in Mexico and one of the largest islands in the Sea of Cortes Island. On the island you can see a variety of species of vegetation, sea lions and birds. In 2005, UNESCO classified the island along with other 244 as a World Heritage Site as part of the Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California.
Located 5 km north of La Paz, Baja California Sur. The island is 19 km long and 5 wide with a land area of 80 km², the twelfth largest island in Mexico. The area is protected by UNESCO as a biosphere, and important destinations for ecotourism. In Espiritu Santo live: dwelt heron, red-tailed hawk, cat tail bell, black hare, sea lions and seals among other species.
Its surroundings are frequented by tourists for diving, fishing and enjoying the beautiful scenery. The island is connected to the Partida Island by a narrow channel that you can walk at low tide.
La Isla San José is located in the Gulf of California, 80 miles north of the town of La Paz, and 8 km from the peninsula of Baja California. The island is 31 km long and 10 km wide with total area of 182.96 km². Rock formations contrast to the clear blue seawater. The island is a refuge for a large number of species among which pelicans, herons and osprey.
Playa El Coyote
Quiet gray sand beach about 20 km from La Paz ideal place to spend an afternoon with family and scuba dive, snorkel or kaya.
Located on the tip of the relief 26 km north of La Paz. On the beach you will find shops and restaurants where you’ll enjoy good food, tours and a variety of water sports. Relaxing beach, calm waters, fine sands and spectacular sunsets and have become favorite beach visitors.
One of the most popular beaches of La Paz is Playa Balandra. A few kilometers from the city just a few meters before reaching the dock. Balandra is home to the famous mushroom-shaped rock, popularly known as “Piedra de Hongo” (Mushroom Stone Sloop) for its similarity in shape.
Beach 20 km of La Paz, next to the Ferry Terminal Pichilingue. It is characterized by its white sand and shallow water. In its surroundings you will find delicious seafood restaurants, a beach club, this majestic view of the cruise ships arriving at the port and places to rent kayaks or hire a small boat tour.
Playa El Tesoro
Located 12 km north of La Paz by the entrance to the Pichilingue Ferry Terminal. Its white sands and shallow waters are ideal for taking the little ones to bathe. This small beach has restaurants, palapas and places to rent beach equipment. El Tesoro acquired its name after buried pirate treasure was found here during road construction in 1965.
Playa El Caimancito
Located in the region called Costa Baja just by the State House official called the Caimancito. Its name comes from the similarity of the shapes of the rocks in the area with an alligator. Its location 6 km from La Paz in a privileged area with access to all tourist services and a variety of activities.
One of the closest beaches to the city, El Coromuel recently become an Aquatic Park, with fun slides, pier, restaurants and a wide range of services which have made it a favorite beaches in La Paz, Baja California Sur.
Just 35 minutes southeast of La Paz is located Playa La Ventana. With a wide range of water sports like diving, kayaking, surfing and sport fishing, La Ventana is set as a favorite beaches for international tourism, combining tranquility and relaxation with the most daring adventure water sports. Its accessibility by foot, bicycle, truck and car make it a favorite place of residents.
Places of Interest
House of Culture of the State
Undoubtedly the most important art gallery in La Paz, Baja California Sur. Save in its corridors are some of the best demonstrations from local and foreign artists and often hosts exhibitions and book launches from nationally recognized writers.
Cathedral of Our Lady of La Paz
One of the most representative of the attractions in La Paz, the headquarters of the Diocese of La Paz. At this point stood a mission in 1720, which was vacated in 1735 due to the attacks of the native inhabitants of the region. By the year 1871 the present cathedral was built where the altar protrudes unsurpassed giving offerings to the Virgin of La Paz.
Walking the boardwalk of La Paz is a pleasure. Enjoy many beautiful sculptures, interesting places and tourist services in the area along its 5 kilometers. The runners take advantage of the morning and evening to exercise while enjoying the scenery and sea.
Public space that promotes the study and conservation of cetaceans and their environment. Inside you will find a complete skeleton of a gray whale and other marine life specimens worldwide. The museum is entertaining and educational for all ages.
Serpentario Ecological Park of La Paz.
Environmentally aware public space where you can see how these peculiar reptiles live in the wild across the beautiful state of Baja California Sur. Among the species on display include: iguanas, lizards, lizards, crocodiles, alligators and snakes of all kinds.
Waterpark The Coromuel
Water park overlooking the beach Coromel where visitors can enjoy two slides that empty’s into the sea. Using these will have a minimum cost to cover maintenance costs. At the surrounding you will find restaurants and places to rent equipment for all by water activity.
Baja California Sur has 2,330 km of coast; making it the state of Mexico is most coastal extension. Its scenic coastal area and great number of activities make it a popular tourist destination.
The pleasant climate and the water clarity during autumn are recommended for snorkeling and diving. The marine biodiversity in areas of: El Bajo, Los Islotes, Las Ánimas and La Reinita are ideal places for diving. The calm waters around Isla Partida Island and Espirito Santo are preferred sites by many to take a leisurely kayak ride or "stand up paddle water" ride. Surf fans can enjoy this extreme sport on the big waves from the beaches of Los Cerritos and Pescadero.
La Paz California is internationally recognized for its fishing tournaments and extraordinary richness of large pelagic fishes, highlighting among these: striped marlin, blue marlin, black marlin, dorado, rooster fish and tuna.
Fiestas and festivals in La Paz
Festival de Arte de Todos Santos
Each February in the magical town of Todos Santos, Baja California, exhibitions, music, cinema, theater, book presentations, lectures, children's activities and workshops will be held. The festival seeks to promote artistic and cultural creation not only through animation, but the exhibition and sale of paintings, crafts and regional delicacies. Counts with the participation of local, national and international artists.
Carnaval de La Paz
During February, on the dates before Easter, the city of La Paz parties for one week in celebration of its carnival. Each year concerts, variety of games, events and activities are held along the boardwalk of the city. The carnival is celebrated since 1988 making it one of the oldest carnivals in the Republic of Mexico.
International Festival of Arts and Culture for Peace
During the months of March and April featured artists of national and international level are part in this fantastic festival. The International Festival of Arts and Culture for Peace was been held since 2006, quickly becoming a tradition in the port. France, Japan, Spain, Africa and Australia have been invited in previous editions.
Celebrations the Foundation of La Paz
During the month of May the city of La Paz Baja California celebrates its anniversary with a series of cultural, sporting and cultural events, dance, theater, film, music and arts talks. 1936 commemorates the founding of the city of La Paz, by Hernán Cortés in 1535.
At the end of July to early August, the magical town of Todos Santos celebrates its most sweet and delicious festival, Mango Festival. Showcase samples gastronomic festival, fun, and more.