Welcome to "The Gateway to Mexico"
Most populous state of Baja California and the sixth most populous metropolitan area in Mexico with 1,696,923 inhabitants, located 170km west of Mexicali and 110km north of Ensenada. Its culture is composed of several ethnic groups due to its proximity to the border. Tijuana covers an area of 466km2 between 0-552 meters above sea level. It is classified as a global city for being a cultural and commercial center. It has won the title as one of the most diverse cities after Mexico City.
It is also considered as the "Gateway to Mexico" for being the busiest border crossing Mexico. An estimated 300,000 visitors cross on foot or by car from San Ysidro, United States everyday which keep the city bustling. Tijuana is not considered a destination for a relaxing vacation surrounded by tranquility; on the contrary, visitors can enjoy many places to visit and activities to do. Visitors will find rich restaurants, taco stands, pharmacies, bars, nightclubs, craft shops and souvenir stores well developed in the city to visit. The nightlife is vibrant on Sixth Street and revolution which is filled with young locals and foreigners in search of a drink given that the drinking age is 18 against the 21-year US.
Among the first settlers in Tijuana were the Kumiai who together with cucapá, Paipai, and Kiliwa, populated northern Baja California. Tijuana was no permanent home of the Kumiai, but one of the many places frequented during the years in search of food.
According to history, Hernan Cortez was first held notion of the Californian Peninsula, but mistaken it for islands. The discovery of the region was accredited to Portuguese explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo between 23 to September 28 of 1542 during his expedition by the coasts of Ensenada, Tijuana all the way to San Diego Bay, California.
The first settlers, the Jesuits, arrived on October 25 of 1697, but it was not until after the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo was signed on February 2 of 1848 that the ranch began growing for being located close to the United States border. Tijuana was recognized for the first time on January 2, 1864 after a successful defense of a guerrilla group led by the Flores Magon brothers looking to turn Baja California to a socialist republic.
Records show that the name of the ranch Aunt Juana was changed over the years. Initially named " Rancho de la Tía Juana", later on renamed "the Rancho Tijuana" and finally "Tijuana".
The climate is dry Mediterranean Tijuana. Winters are mild and wet, and summers warm and dry. The coolest month is January with average temperatures located at 13° C. The months with warmer average temperatures are July, August and September with a temperature located around 22° C. Winter frosts are rare and very hot summers with temperatures reaching 49° C during September. Tijuana receives 230mm on of rain every year especially during November to April.
The cheap labor compared to countries like the US, for example, in conjunction with the Free Trade Agreement of 2013 have made Tijuana an ideal place to foreign international companies as headquarters for their assembly plants and factories. In 2001 Tijuana experimented the largest number of companies, 820 to be precise, who took advantage of this treaty. Its production capacity has put Tijuana as a world leader in production of televisions and computer screens. Some companies installed in Tijuana include Avery Dennison , Zodiac Aerospace, Eaton, Sony , Toyota , Samsung , Kodak , Matsushita / Panasonic , Sinil Industry, Medtronic, Nabisco, Philips, Pioneer, Plantronics, Pall Medical, Tara , Sanyo , Hubbell Lighting, Vimay and Alaris Medical Systems among others.
While inside the city it will not be necessary to travel the streets far to find a delicious taco stand selling roast beef or beef chili Tijuana style tacos. Accompany the meal with a favorite local drink in town, Cerveza Tijuana. In Tijuana you will find California, French, Spanish and Italian influences in their dishes. The dining sector has been a very important development branch in recent years in Tijuana and even become one of the best dining experiences in the country.
A tour worth hiring is the Tour Tijuana Gourmet Tour where you will learn first hand about the best dishes of distinguished gourmet restaurants in the city such as La Cava LA Cetto, College Bajamed, Caesar's Restaurant, Mission 19 Difference and Tijuana Brewery.
Places of Interest
Currently fashionable among young people, Sixth Street (Flores Magon) comes alive at night when the bars, pubs and restaurants that become meeting places among locals and tourists of every profession and class. No matter if you're looking to dance, sing and have a few drinks, on Sixth Street you'll find an assortment of options suited all tastes. Some of the leading bars in the area are: White and black, Dandy del Sur, La Terraza, Rancho Grande and others.
Culture House of Tijuana
One of the oldest and most representative buildings of the city built in 1930 in a neoclassical style by architect Guerrero Preciado. The building of 4,356 m² at some point in its life was an elementary housed in 1937 and organizing center during World War II between 1941 and 1945. It was not until 1977 by decree of the state government that the property passed to the municipality and was turned into the House of Culture. Inside you will find a theater, library Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez, Benjamin Serrano Gallery, history museum, coffee concert hall and art workshops and languages. They also function as a venue for courses and workshops for children and adults, for national and international events, also houses the School of Music Northwest.
Tijuana Cultural Center
CECUT aka "Ball" or "Cinema Ball" is a cultural center of Mexico built the October 20, 1982, designed by the architects Pedro Ramirez Vazquez and Manuel Rosen Morrison. Located just two kilometers from the border with the United States, CECUT has succeeded in registereing up to 1 million 600 thousand visitors per year.
Among its facilities in an area of 3.5 hectares will find the IMAX Dome, Museum of the Californias, Entertainment Hall, The Cube (three halls of international standards), temporary exhibitions, Cineteca, Aquarius and rehearsal rooms.
100% Mexican company where emotion and bets are on the agenda every day. Visitors can bet on all types of sporting events or live greyhound race or try their luck at the 30,000 slot machines divided on two floors or enjoy one of the bingo game. As a special gift, greyhound races with monkey as jockeys during the day of the child.
Opened on 5 February 1993. The museum displays more than 80 wax figures of famous people both at national and international level in four themed rooms: pre-Hispanic times in Mexico, missionary period Baja California and Tijuana history, legends and stories and the living heroes of Mexico.
Among the most famous pieces you'll find Cantinflas, Cuauhtemoc, Emiliano Zapata, Hernán Cortés, Lola Beltran, Luis Miguel, Michael Jackson, Moctezuma, Pedro Infante Porfirio Diaz, Ramon Ayala among others. General admission $20 pesos.
It is an interactive museum disclosure of basic science and applied technology for the whole family. Encourages visitors to learn with the active, critical, playful and experimental activities to awaken and encourage the interest of children as well as adults in science and technology.
Among its facilities you will find a cinema with 3D format and HD up to 220 people; four interactive rooms (Integra, explains, generates, Educa and Experience), a collection of 108 pieces, Multipurpose Room, and Audiorama with capacity for 4,000 people, where concerts are offered, conferences, presentations of books, children's painting workshops, sculpture and robotics, as well as youth science, sculpture and basic computer programming.General admission: $ 60 pesos.
Rodriguez and Gomez alley
Two alleys full of art and culture by the Av. Revolution in the historic center of Tijuana. Visitors will find paintings, drawings, photographs, books, clothing, sculptures and figurines for sale made by local artists. The allies are favorite places for artistic events like the Tijuana Art Walk with the idea of promoting and collaborating with Tijuana's artistic community.
A 30 km south of Tijuana on the coast of the Sea of Cortez is located the gastronomic paradise known as Puerto Nuevo. Since the 50`s this population of fishermen and their families have been offering the community the most exquisite seafood and regional dishes scattered in more than 30 restaurants. Come try its international recognized lobster dishes while the band plays.
Swiss-style restaurant located in Plaza Fiesta that has been conquering Tijuana taste buds for more than 26 years. Its lively decor, relaxing atmosphere with classic rock playing, excellent service and delicious food with Swiss touches, they have become one of the restaurants and sports bar in the city. Their drink selection is extensive with local and imported beers.