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DISCOVER CAMPECHE


Campeche

Welcome to "The Bride Of Sea"


 

San Francisco de Campeche, capital of the state Campeche, recognized for being the only walled city in Mexico and one of the few in Latin America; its ramparts and bastions, gates and houses with colorful stately windows and cobblestone streets vibrate with life and legends.

History


 

Campeche's history begins from the Spanish Conquest in the first half of the sixteenth century. Before that, the territory now called Yucatan, was a territorial stronghold in which they developed, probably for more than a millennium, the people and the Mayan culture called by the Mayas, Mayab. The word mayab, ma'ya'ab, means few, not many; where there are few people or chosen people.


Prior to that some where in time, in the same area in the Yucatan Peninsula, there were settlements whose origins have not been scientifically confirmed and possibly date back to the late Pleistocene, that can me confirmed from the findings in the caves Loltun and Caverns of Tulum.

Location

Campeche is located in southeastern Mexico in the Yucatan peninsula. In addition, it was home to the great Mayan culture along with the states of Chiapas, Tabasco, Yucatan and Quintana Roo and the Central American countries of Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras.

Weather

 

In the state of Campeche dominates the warm sub-humid climate, which occurs in 92% of its territory, 7.75% is humid warm climate primarily in the eastern and north part of the state. A small percentage (0.05%) of the state is predominant semi-dry climate. The average annual temperature is 26-27° C. The highest temperature is over 30° C and minimum of 18° C.

The rains are abundant to very abundant during the summer. The total annual precipitation varies between 1200 and 2000 mm.  In northern part of the state with semi-dry climate the rainfall amount is 800 mm.

Gastronomy

 

The varied diet of the Maya is further enriched with the arrival of the Spaniards. But the innovations do not end there, later the pirates brought to the local cuisine new components and preparation methods. People eat splendidly throughout the territory of Campeche.

The seafood in Campeche is of excellent, its meats succulent, vegetables and exotic fruits plentiful in the preparation of dishes of the region.

In addition to preparing the typical dishes of the peninsula, its inhabitants have a variety of seafood. Dogfish are used in preparing panuchos, empanadas, tamales, tacos, and the famous bread.  Shrimp are prepared in coconut shrimp, boiled, in paste, cocktails, salad and hot dishes.  X'catic consists of peppers stuffed with dogfish. Crayfish feet are eaten cold. There are also cobia, wahoo, octopus, squid, and many other fish and seafood.

Among the dishes that are not from the sea include: cornmeal tamales stuffed with minced pork meat or chicken with achiote salsa, tender corn cooked underground, the pibipollos that are kind of tamal covered with banana leaves and stuffed with pork and chicken prepared in achiote sauce and cooked underground.  Hunting game includes: peccary, armadillo, alligator, deer prepared in salad and salsa. The paella is eaten in a thousand ways and pork will do wonders.

Economy

 

Campeche's economy is based on various industries, mainly mining, agriculture and fishing.

In the primary sector of agriculture, Campeche is the leading producer sapodilla, pumpkin seed, paddy rice, and second place nationally in production of scrim watermelon and jalapeno chile verde.

The diversity and quality of its marine resources make it the main source of anchovy, crab, mackerel, sea bass and saw the country. It also highlights fishing for octopus, flag, sea bass and shrimp.

Festivities

 

Pig Head(Cabeza de Cochino)

It takes place at the end of a religious festival and consists in decorating a pig's head with glittering embroidery and other objects, such as breads, colored paper, etc. Later the head is danced with at home of the patron where the festival takes place, mainly with women dressed in mestizo suits, or on the streets of the community, to the beat of brass band music.

Black Christ Festival

It originated with the arrival of the Black Christ in the year 1565. It is celebrated from September 13 to 29 with cultural and sporting events, singing contests, poetry contest, agriculture, livestock, handicraft and industrial exhibitions, mechanical games, fireworks, dances and processions. Festivities start with the descent of the Black Christ of Church of Barrio Momónimo.

Carnival

It is claimed to be the oldest in Mexico, offering locals and visitors a rich culture in each of its activities. Here is kept the tradition event eagerly awaited by the locals.

Day of the Dead

The feast of All Saints or Day of the Dead is known in the Maya area of the Yucatan Peninsula as Hanal Pixán or the Food of the Souls.

The popular belief is the result of the foregoing mixture of Maya and Christian belief that the soul of those who dies has permission to be with us between the last day of October to 1 November (for the souls of children or Hanan Paalal) and from 1 to 2 November (for the souls of most people).

Candlemas

It is celebrated on February 2 with dances, fireworks, rides and religious processions. They can be visited in special celebrations in Champoton, Candelaria, Hool and Campeche.

La Candelaria is one of the most popular and traditional festivals of Campeche. This festival begins with the traditional Rosca de Reyes, this delightful bread holds several figures of children, which makes the finder the "King of the Feast" and godfather of the "Raised Child”.


Places of interest

Historical center

Campeche is a model Latin American baroque city whose historic center has been declared a World Heritage Site. Walking through its streets you will observe beautiful facades, impressive gates and majestic windows.





San Miguel Fort

The Fort of San Miguel is a fortification constructed in the city of San Francisco de Campeche, Campeche, Mexico, is one of the most representative buildings of the city for its size and history. Integrates with the fort of San José El Alto and the La Muralla, the set of fortified buildings built between the XVII and XVIII centuries to defend the city against a possible pirate attacks.

Today the fort houses the Archaeological Museum of Campeche, which has important pieces of the relics of the Mayan civilization that were located in the state. The fort is in good condition. It is also the largest fort in the entire city of San Francisco de Campeche


Bastion of San José El Alto

It is a building of the eighteenth century, example of military architecture developed in America to fortify the Spanish colonies.  Today its space is used as a museum, whose affluence is shown in the weapons, seafaring and colonial history.

It is located at the end of Av. Francisco Morazan in the San José el Alto, about 500 meters from the monument to Benito Juarez.




Dirt Entrance (Puerta de Tierra)

The old main entrance to Campeche built in 1732 to ward off multiple attacks received in the city by privateers.  Battlements, bunkers and warehouses, as well as their defense are still intact. Now it holds the spectacle of light and sound called "The Place of the Sun", which is the recreation of those battles where fought Campeche to defend against attacks.





Craft House Tukulná

Tukulná means "the house of thought" and is where you will find all kinds of crafts typical of the region. You can find from hammocks known worldwide, huipiles traditional costumes, hippie hat accessories, bull horn and bone, among many others. In addition it is located in a building dating from the eighteenth century rebuilt in 1993.





Museum Architecture Maya / Baluarte de la Soledad

The Baluarte de la Soledad is a fortress located in the city of San Francisco de Campeche, Campeche, Mexico. It takes its name in honor of the Virgen de la Soledad, patron saint of sailors, and for having risen from the seashore. Its area is 2344 m2, consisting of 3 rooms and a portal; this was the third to be built between 1690 and 1692.





Edzna Archaeological Zone

House of the Itzaes, is one of the most interesting Mayan cities for its technological advances. It has numerous religious, administrative and residential buildings that show architectural details of the Puuc and Chenes styles.





Xtacumbilxunaan Caves

The caves who’s name means "Hidden Woman". It consists of a great system of vertical cavities with seven million year old natural formation.

Here you will find an impressive show of light and sound from its lighting system that enhances the beauty of their geological formations.

At the entrance you'll find a small sitting area with palapas, then you can dive deeper into the caves with the possibility of being accompanied by a guide.


Xmuch Haltún Botanical Garden

The Xmuch-Haltún botanical garden in housed inside the Santiago stronghold. In 1979 it became the Botanical Garden with the fundamental objective of preserving and to inform the general public the various vegetation types and their characteristics. It over 250 species of plants on display.