The origin of Chihuahua dates to October 12, 1709. It is characterized by its colonial architecture, museums, gastronomy and its beautiful natural spaces that give peace to the people who arrive and enjoy a good experience. The state of Chihuahua is located in the northern part of Mexico with a large territory of about 250,000 km. It is considered as a modern state with a great past and rich in its nature as are its mountains, waterfalls and deserts.
The origin of the city of Chihuahua dates to October 12, 1709 to Blas Cano de los Ríos and Antonio Deza y Ulloa a Spanish explorer. Miguel Hidalgo, during the War of Independence, is considered the Father of the Fatherland, was prisoner in the Federal Palace of Chihuahua and executed in 1811 in the nearby Government Palace by the Spaniards. In the period of the Mexican-American War, Chihuahua fell to American forces in 1847 after the Mexican Army was defeated at the Battle of Sacramento.
President Benito Juárez, during the French invasion, made the city the seat of his government in exile from 1864 to 1867. At the time of the presidency of Porfirio Díaz, the city became one of the most important in Mexico when experiencing An explosive growth and home to important banks and wealthy families. Between the years 1910 and 1917 Chihuahua was more complicated during the Mexican Revolution since it became in occasions the base of operations of the Division of the North, the army directed by Pancho Villa.
The city grew in population and learned to take advantage of its proximity to the United States border. Until the establishment of foreign manufacturing plants in the year 1970, the city was largely a trading post for livestock and agricultural products. Chihuahua grew up in the 1990s becoming the third richest municipality in the republic, after Benito Juárez municipality of the Federal District and San Pedro Garza Garcia of Nuevo León.
Chihuahua is the largest state in Mexico made up of three large regions called Sierra, Plain or Plateau and Desert, ranging from west to east in the form of large bands. It borders to the north, with New Mexico and Texas, to the east with Coahuila, to the south with Durango, to the southwest with Sinaloa and to the west with Sonora.
Chihuahua ranks second in the list of the most competitive cities in the country. The manufacturing industry is very important and there are nine major industrial parks and 79 maquila manufacturing plants employing about 45,000 people. The first transnational company to arrive in Chihuahua was the Ford Motor Company, which opened one of the most modern engine manufacturers at the time. This company was followed by other firms such as: Honeywell, Lexmark, Lear Electric Systems and Goodyear.
The average annual temperature varies between 17 - 20 ° C. Winter temperatures normally range from -7 ° C to 38 ° C in the summer. Being in the zone of transition between the plateau and the desert, the city has a semicálido dry climate with fresh winter. The average annual precipitation is around 400mm, spread mainly in the months of July, August and September.
The gastronomy of the state of chihuahua has an exclusive variety of dishes made from beef since this place breeds bovine of better quality. Some of its dishes that can not be missed are:
♦ Roast: Meat served with onions and potatoes.
♦ Machaca: Scrambled dried meat with eggs and vegetables accompanied by beans.
♦ Divorced Eggs: They are two starred eggs, one bathed in red sauce and the other in green sauce accompanied by refried beans and cheese.
♦ Torrejas: Bread soaked with milk and cinnamon sugar sprinkled.
♦ Parral ham: It is dulce de leche with walnut.
♦ Sotol: It is agave liqueur similar to tequila, has a stronger and less sweet flavor.
Typical Clothing of the Region
The typical feminine dress consists of a blouse and long skirt with a belt at the waist and of footwear use huaraches. The men's clothing consists of a military outfit, a high collar, tight trousers, and footwear in booties.
It is located in the center of the state, 105 km southwest of Chihuahua. One of the attractions is the Mennonite Museum which is a reserved community with strong family and religious structures. In this place men are engaged in agriculture; Cultivate maize, beans, barley, wheat, sorghum, flax and oats. They also raise cattle and destine their production to the family consumption and cheese making.
This village is located 247 km southeast of the city of chihuahua, it is a beautiful place considered the gateway to countless natural beauties where its visitors can know their customs, traditions, clothing and gastronomy of the Rarámuris, to As well as contemplating its monumental 8 meter high sculpture in white stone, Cristo Rey, watches from the top of a hill near Creel. You can also practice activities such as rock climbing, mountain biking, hiking, rappelling, hiking and trips through the ravines.
This town is located in the Municipality Guachochi of the compound state of the population tarahumara. Here you can visit the temple of Cusararé decorated with paintings rarámuri, built in 1733 and still retains much of the colonial architecture. Inside the Loyola Museum you can admire its collection of oil paintings on the life of the Virgin Mary and finally, you can not go without visiting the waterfall of Cusararé with 30 meters in height.
This magical town is located in the depths of Copper Canyon. Batopilas is a picturesque place that retains much of the mining architecture of the end of the last century. In this place visitors can visit the temple of the Virgin of Carmen, the temple of the Holy Angel in Satevó, Casa Bigleer and the school Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz and of course to take long walks to cross its river and sidewalks to enjoy its nature.
Places of interest
It was built in 1725 as a parish church of St. Francis of Assisi and Our Lady of the Rule but in 1891 it was dedicated to the Holy Cross. It is located in the center of the city of Chihuahua, in front of the Plaza de Armas and the City Hall Palace. It is considered as the most important religious monument of the baroque style. Inside it has three naves, one main and two laterals, the main altar is built with marble brought from Carrara, Italy. Its spectacular beauty makes it a jewel and a unique site of interest.
Museo Chihuahuense de Arte Contemporáneo "Casa Redonda"
Its name is because the building in antiquity was the Round House of the courtyards and workshops of National Railways in Chihuahua, but at present it is dedicated to the conservation and exhibition of pieces of contemporary art.
Cumbres de Majalca National Park
This park is located to the north of the city of Chihuahua created in September of 1939 covering an area of 4,772 hectares. Its main attraction is its forests, its enormous rock formations molded of unique figures by the wind, water and rain.
House XIX Century (Museum "Sebastián")
This museum during the post-revolutionary period served as a shelter for several commercial houses, dividing the building into several premises. It was until the year of 1995 when it was acquired by the City council of Chihuahua and was baptized with the name House Chihuahua Century XIX. Its interior is simple, only with quarry trim on the doors, windows and on the edge of the roof. In the lodge to the Museum "Sebastián" which contains three rooms that are destined to promote and to spread the culture by means of diverse permanent and temporary exhibitions.
Puerta de Chihuahua
This sculpture was created by the overworked Chihuahua sculptor Sebastián in May 2005. It is located at the southern entrance of the city welcoming its visitors coming from the south. It is a composition of geometric shapes of red metal with 46 meters of height, is the second highest of the city followed by the Monument to the Mexicanidad in Ciudad Juárez with 62 meters of height.
Hidalgo Museum and Arms Gallery
The museum is located in the Government Palace. It was designed to pay homage to Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla to exhibit the weapons used during the Mexican Independence, a national coat of arms, a lithograph of the battle of the insurgents, the Battle of Monte de las Cruces, among others.
Central Park El Palomar
This park is located in the center of the city of Chihuahua. It has an extensive green area where you can appreciate the beauty of the city, next to giant bronze sculptures of three pigeons, the statue of Anthony Quinn, an internationally famous actor from the city of Chihuahua, as well as the Garland.
Santa Rita Fair
It is celebrated annually on May 22 in honor of the patron saint of the place, in which are exposed industrial products, commercial and services.
Festival of San Isidro Labrador
It is celebrated annually on May 15 and begins with a series of dances. These dances continue throughout the day and at night a parade is organized with which the celebration is concluded.
Day of Santo Cristo Burgos
It is celebrated on the 6th of August annually. In this place its inhabitants celebrate this day with traditional dances of two groups of dancers dressed in very colorful attire and concludes with a mass.
Santa Barbara Day
It is celebrated on September 8 in honor of the patron saint of the town. During the day events are organized, in particular the Dance of the Archers and the Aztec Dance.
It is a religious celebration celebrated on October 12. There are music events of the region, traditional dances mainly of the matachines of the place.