Mexican city located in the south west part of the state of Coahuila in north-central Mexico. According to data from INEGI 2010, there are 639,629 inhabitants living in an area of 1,947 km that make up the city and 1 215 817 inhabitants in its metropolitan area.
Although Torreon is relatively young with only having celebrated its centenary in 2007, it occupies the first national position in a variety of food franchises, 23 universities and 23 technical colleges with more than 116 specialties and seven research and development centers.
Torreon is located: 200km northeast of Durango, Durango, 310 km south of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, and 437 km southeast of Chihuahua, Chihuahua at 1,140 meters above sea level next to the city Gomez Palacio. Forms part of the 15 municipalities of the states of Coahuila and Durango that are located in the thriving area called Laguna region located between the banks of the Rio Nazas.
Torreon is known as "city of big efforts" for its thriving industrial and commercial sector. Its economy is based on developed agricultural industry (mainly composed of cotton, wheat, beans, cantaloupe and watermelon), textiles, automotive, metallurgy, mining, chemical, brewery (Grupo Modelo), dairy (LALA), electric and trade and services. The metallurgical sector is one of the most important in the city. Here lead, cadmium, silver and gold is refined and incorporate the largest installations of electrolytic zinc in Mexico and Latin America.
Other industries activities worth mentioning in Torreon are the automotive, where John Deere, Metzeler, Johnson Controls, Takata and Caterpillar are built, breweries that produces most of the Corona Beer sold in northeastern of the country and brand name clothing factories such as Wrangler and Hanes.
Torreon is located in a semi-desert region with extreme weather and little rain throughout the year. The average maximum temperature is 28 ° C while the average minimum temperature is 10 ° C. Be warned; be prepared for temperatures that can fluctuate between 1 and 40 ° C during periods of the year. Most hot days occur in May and June with temperatures reaching 44 ° C. The coolest months occur during winter from December to February when the minimum temperatures falling between -7 and -8.5 ° C.
Torreon does not receive much rainfall. On average, 243 mm of rain fall throughout the year, most between May and September. In some cases it has come to snow. The last recorded snowfall occurred on: December 12, 1997, December 24, 2004, and a heavy snowfall on January 11, 1967.
The first settlers in the area appeared around more than 12,000 years ago. The largest groups in the region were the Paoquis, Caviseres, Ahomanes, Nahuopas, Irritilas (laguneros).
The foundation of Torreon remotes to 1843 when Leonardo Jimenez and Juan Ignacio Zuloaga obtained the land from the Sanchez Navarro family. Soon the Zuloaga-Jimenez society began to develop the region with improvements in irrigation and water supply. The dam 1849 was some of these projects that was carried out. In 1850 Don Leonardo Zuloaga ordered to build a watchtower type "keep" on the banks of Nazas.
Inhabitants of the region began to establish businesses and cabins around it. The place soon was called Rancho del Torreon. In 1852 Zuloaga-Jimenez society is divided, however, the side of Coahuila was officially established the Hacienda of Torreon. After the death of Leonardo Zuloaga, the widow of Zuloaga stayed in charge of the ranch. In 1879 widow contracts Andres Eppen "one of the best farm managers" in the region at the time. Eppen promotes the development of the ranch and is credited as one of the keys players on the arrival of the railroad in 1883.
The ranch grew, blocks and streets were established and the population grew so much so that the ranch received title of "villa" in 1893 by the authorities and the title of "city" shortly after on the 15th September of 1907. Places of interest Alameda Zaragoza Public park located on Av. Juarez near Colon Avenue.
This park is one of the favorites and most frequented by families in Torreon. Come and relax while you enjoy some snacks available in the area any day of the week. The park has paths and sports fields to exercise or play a game. Kids can enjoy recreational spaces and rides. In the center of the park is located the Regional Library that houses around 20 thousand volumes.
Sites of interest
Christ of the Noas
Considered the most important and characteristic resort of Laguna Region and third largest Latin American sculpture, measuring 21.85 meters high from the ground, after Rio de Janeiro in Brazil and the Cristo de la Concordia in Bolivia. The artist Vladimir Alvarado built the imposing Christ of Noas of 579 tons during the years 1973 to 2000. It was named after the hill where it is located. Visitors will observe how the Christ extends its protective arms over the city.
Enjoy an afternoon of fun with family in the desert dunes Bilbao. Located 65 km east of Torreon, the 10 km2 fine sand desert is good for sand boarding, go hiking, biking or camping to watching the strange nocturnal animals or stargazing.
Large modern museum with modern amenities in silver tones located in the Torreon Historic Center, inaugurated on 27 August 2007. This of 5,000m2 building with 4 floors houses a collection of over 300 works of colonial, European and Mexican art which they were acquired during the last 100 years by the Arocena family and their descendants. Guides available with low cost of $30 pesos.
Museum of the Revolution
Museum dedicated to the preservation and exhibition of objects of the Mexican Revolution. Opened in 2007 as one of the gifts for the centenary of the city of Torreon. Inside a beautiful chalet you'll find objects that narrate the events, distinguished people and battles during the war for Mexican revolution.
Museum of Penoles Metals
Inaugurated in commemoration of the centenary of the city of Torreon in 2007. The Museum of Penoles Metals aims to inform and educate in a dynamic and fun way the importance of the metal and mining industries that have contributed to improving the lives of people and the economic development of Torreon. Inside the 1,750m2 museum of you will find several rooms that address nine topics ranging from the origin of the universe, the formation of the land and its minerals, to processing and application thereof. In a few years, the Museum of Metals has become one of the most important cultural sites in the north. Free admission.
Isauro Martinez Theater
Theater named after Mexican businessman Isauro Martinez who was in charge of its construction. Inaugurated on March 7, 1930 by the same Isauro Martinez with attendance of about 3000 people. Magnificent building with 82 years of experience whose façade mixes Gothic, Byzantine and Moorish styles. The building is listed as the second most beautiful theater in Mexico. Among the most unique theater elements is its lobby, decorated with beautiful wood engravings and spectacular works by renowned painter Salvador Tarazona.
Museum located in the center of the city of Torreon. Houses the history and testimony of one of the important elements that helped prosper Torreon and the Laguna Region area. Cotton was considered white gold for the city in its time for its commercial and industrial potential and for being the main engine of the economic development in the desert region of the city. Inside the museum visitors can see objects, images and photographs that show the techniques of cultivation have evolved and why it’s important.
Historical Museum of the City of Hill House
Museum built between 1904 and 1905, located at the foot of the hill that offered a panoramic view of the city when General Francisco Villa used it as a military headquarters during the taking of Torreon during the 50s. Finally opened as a museum in February 11 of 1994 in order to spread the history of the city. Today the museum is considered a historical monument of the city. It has 10 permanent exhibition rooms where objects that belonged to the Wulff family, various techniques paintings, sculptures, photographs in black and white, wooden furniture, clothing and accessories of that time, dolls, toys and weapons among other objects are displayed.
Honors the main symbol in the economic development of Torreon. Outside the museum, visitors can admire an 1140 locomotive machine. Inside the museum you´ll find elements of this transport, some scale models of the first stations in the city are exhibited. Stories are also told about the lives of workers of the rail. The Railway Museum was founded on November 7, 1998 in the placed of the first and second railway station in town.
Laguna Regional Museum
Also known by its abbreviation MUREL, the Regional Museum of The Laguna is one of the most important museums in the city that aims to spread the regional identity and historical value of the city in each of its four rooms. The museum is located in the Venustiano Carranza woods and opened to the public in 1976. Its rooms showcase great and valuable works of internationally recognized artists, although its focus is primarily anthropological.
The Museum is dedicated to the spread of Mexican history and culture through the coin, the only museum of its kind north of the country. The museum is located in the basement of the former Bank of Mexico. It provides an interesting historical, political, economic and social view with a tour showing the coins minted in the New Spain from 1536 until recently. The main attraction in the museum is the largest coin that was minted in Mexico, La Libertad, about one kilogram of pure silver with a matte finish and a diameter of 110 millimeters.
Plaza de Armas
Historic area of great importance located in the heart of the historic center of Torreon, built in 1898. The Plaza de Armas, also known as Pearl Lagoon, is considered historic heritage of the city of Torreon. The square has four decorated fountains, four metal sculptures and a central kiosk, along with an embellished with leafy trees, benches, gardens, walkways and traditional Clock tower. Its quiet atmosphere offers a space for rest and recreation for residents and visitors.
A fun event that takes place in the square is the Dance of the Elderly full of hospitality and fun while dancing to the best of salsa, merengue and cumbia.
Attractive cultural theater that began as a popular film theater of the Laguna Region on November 29 of 1952. Its facade shows a modern design thanks to its more recent remodeling by the Government of the State of Coahuila. The remodeling project opened with the presentation of the Ballet of Monte Carlo on October 2, 2004. Today the theater has a capacity for 1,600 people with a modern lighting and sound system that present the best cultural events and regional, national and international quality shows.