Celaya, is known as the " Puerta de Oro del Bajío " due to the boom of its industry, agricultural, livestock and commercial development.
The word "zalaya" is of Basque origin and means "Flat land".
On october 12, 1570, Celaya was established as the first Villa in the Bajío called as Villa of our Lady of the Immaculate Concepción of Zalaya. Later, in 1568 was awarded the title of very Noble and loyal city by King Felipe IV. In a short time Celaya took the role of supplier of the mining centers, because its cereal production that covered local needs and achieved good surpluses for the regional market.
The difficult post-revolutionary years undoubtedly affected Celaya. However, the age of forties began a revival of the city. Its great demographic growth and participation in the processes of urbanization and industrial and touristic development with the architectural works of own renowned Francisco Eduardo Tres Guerras placed it among the most important cities of the State, as well as having an excellent location and easy access with its double-lane roads.
It is famous for its delicious high quality production of milk based caramels, which is made in a wide variety of flavors like vanilla, custard, burnt, walnut, pine nut and coconut.
Its height above sea level is 1,750 meters. Borders to the North with Comonfort, to the East with the Apaseo el Grande and Apaseo el Alto, to the South by Tarimoro, to the West with Cortazar and villagran and to the Northwest with Santa Cruz de Juventino Rosas.
The climate of the municipality is temperate. The average annual temperature is 20.85 ° C. It has a population of 354,473 inhabitants according to census of 1995.
This temple was built from 1802 to 1807. It is of neoclassical architecture. You can also admire murals made by the architect Francisco Eduardo Tresguerras in the chapel of San Placido. Masterpiece of Tresguerras, born in 1759 in this city. His architectural works are worth admiring; to mention a few: the fountain of Neptune in Queretaro, the home of Conde Rul in the city of Guanajuato, also there is artwork in Salvatierra, Salamanca and Irapuato.
The resurrection of Lazarus
This is another passage from the Bible that tells when Jesucristo returned life to his friend Lazarus, after already having three days had been buried.
The funeral of Tobias
In this mural is seen a biblical passage from the burial of a character that was important and that mentions the Bible in the old testament.
The Final Judgment
This mural as well as the other two was taken from biblical passages, the final judgment is found in the book called Apocalypse and is a description of the end of the world, Tresguerras separates the good (with the Angels) and evil (with demons). The author is painted as a skeleton that is coming out of the tomb and on the tombstone you can see the initials of his name (F.E.T.) its position is upside down, since he said he was going to be buried them alive, which was later verified when his body was found upside down when taken out of a mass grave where he was buries after dying from cholera.
Convent and Templo of San Francisco
It is one of the largest and most beautiful in Mexico. The interior houses the Baroque style of the 17th century. The facade of the cloister is of plateresque style, built by Eduardo Tresguerras between 1810 and 1820. The construction of the Temple annex began in 1683; its current facade and altars, neo-classical style, were remodeled by Tresguerras.
Quarry construction dating back to 17th century. It was the municipal jail until 1961. The exterior decoration of plateresque style contains some elements of Moorish origin, and its interior was originally Baroque, was remodeled to neoclassical. It is currently the House of culture.
Culture Temple of San Agustín
Construction of 1609 in plateresque style with Moorish reminiscence.
Temple of the third order
This temple belonged initially to the convent of San Francisco, dating back to 1820, highlighting the neoclassical altars attributed to Francisco Tresguerras, as well as a painting of San Judas Tadeo (Holy that is venerated in this place). Another important fact is that there is the tombstone of Ms. Emeteria Valencia, patron of the city of Celaya. The façade is single-level, in the part superior it has a rectangular niche with a stained glass window; the belfry and the plant are plateresque. Inside it has 18 stained glass windows, distributed in its interior and its dome.
Column of the Independence
Built by Tresguerras in 1791, dedicated initially to the Spanish monarch Carlos V as a symbol of strength; however, in 1823, the people of Celaya took advantage of the famous column and devoted it to the newly consummate independence of Mexico. At the end of the column you can see placing an Eagle devouring a snake.
Also known as "Water ball", it has become the symbol of the city and was inaugurated on the 100th anniversary of the promulgation of independence.
The Diezmo House
One of the most beautiful constructions of the city. Architecture built in the end of the 17th century. Its doors and windows denote a Baroque style. In its interior houses the delegation of tourism, the municipal archives, newspaper archive, and its also used as a forum for concerts and exhibitions.
You can admire murals of Octavio Ocampo, celayense artist who captured poly formic style; events and characters in the history of Mexico.
Mausoleum of Tresguerras
Beautiful baroque chapel that holds the remains of the illustrious architect Francisco Eduardo Tresguerras.
Plaza de Armas
Peaceful architectural space framed by beautiful portals.
Museum of mummies
Recently created Museum exhibiting 22 mummified bodies. Its museography includes an explanation of the process of mummification.
Celebrations of Tierras Negras (from 12 to January 20)
Traditional celebrations in honor to the Virgin of Guadalupe represented with dances and seminars, typical dinner of traditional gorditas.
Easter (Easter Friday)
It is the traditional procession of silence through different streets of the city representing the most outstanding facts of the passion, death and resurrection of Christ.
Virgen del Carmen (July)
Festivities in honor of the Virgin of Carmen where takes place a great pilgrimage, with rides and sale of typical food of the region.
Day of the dead (November 2nd)
The sale of sugar figurine cookies takes place. The Sunday before the date, the town people ignite bonfires in the streets in the municipal away from the cemetery of the city.
Festivities of the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception (December 8)
Celebration the Virgin Patron Saint of the city, profano-religiosas parties are held. Typical food, rides, as well as a short walk of the Virgin.
Christmas fair (second half of December)
An Industrial, commercial and craft exhibition. Cowboy exhibition, cultural and artistic events, rides and parade of floats representing some biblical passages.
Celaya is known for its cajeta, typical sweet made using traditional methods. It is prepared with goat milk in crucibles for melting copper. There are a variety of flavors: custard, vanilla, burnt, pinion, walnut, among others. Similarly made other delicious sweets include: jamoncillos, peanut garapiñado, covered fruit, custard, sweets, wafers, almond, coconut candies. Other typical foods are style Celaya toast, gorditas with cheese and breadcrumbs of the Tierra Negras district and the pacharelas.