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DISCOVER GUANAJUATO





The city of Guanajuato is beautiful for its culture, architectural gems and mining to which owes its fame and fortune to the discovery of gold and silver rich veins. As well as its historical significance, particularly those along the Route of the Bicentennial, which reminds us of the path of passage of the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla insurgent army 's at the beginning of the War of Independence of Mexico.

History
The oldest inhabitants of the state of Guanajuato may have been the chupícuaros and Aztecs. When the Spaniards arrived, the Purépecha, Otomi and Chichimeca were the groups that inhabited the region.

The most important national important national event in history occurred the early morning of September 16, 1810 in a small town of Los Altos, Dolores called today "Dolores Hidalgo" where the priest Miguel Hidalgo and independence colleagues took up arms against the colonial regime, yelling out the famous call for freedom by Dolores. 

Having consummate the independence initiated by Miguel Hidalgo, the territory became a free and sovereign state by decree of February 3, 1824.

During the regime of President Benito Juarez, Guanajuato was the capital of the Republic temporarily. In 1903 the state government of Porfirio Diaz improved and the economy stabilized, but Diaz government was oppressive. Porfirio Diaz installed Francisco Mena as governor, who made a fortune through the granting of railway lines being built to modernize the country.

Agricultural production peaked in the late nineteenth century, earning the state the nickname of "granary of the Republic." Industrialization took hold in cities like Leon, Salvatierra, Celaya and San Francisco del Rincon, making shoes, hats and textiles. A battle of the Mexican Revolution occurred in Celaya in 1915 between the troops of Alvaro Obregon and Francisco Villa. Many of the state men fought and died in other parts of Mexico, leaving widows and children. After the war, the large estates were divided among the commons that benefited many rural families.

After the end of the Mexican Revolution, fighting in Mexico continues with the Cristero War. Struggle related to this war was most prominent in Pénjamo and Leon, but occurred in other areas as well. In 1946, an uprising against the government by a group called the Synarchist occurred in Leon. However, most of the state was peaceful most of the time allowing the economy to recover. This was especially true in agriculture, production of wheat, corn, sorghum, alfalfa, and strawberries in Irapuato and goats in several parts. The first edition of the International Cervantino Festival took place in 1972. In the 1980s, two of the state's cities, Guanajuato and San Miguel de Allende were declared a World Heritage Site.

Location
Guanajuato is located in the center of the country, northwest of Mexico City, on the border of the states of Zacatecas, San Luis Potosi, Michoacan, Queretaro and Jalisco. It covers an area of 30,589 km².

It has an average altitude of 2,015 meters (6,611 feet) above sea level, with its territory divided between three of the physical regions of Mexico, the Sierra Madre Oriental, the Mexican Plateau and the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.

Weather
The annual temperature of Guanajuato is 18°C. The highest average temperature is around 30°C during the months of May and June and the lowest, around 5.2°C in January.

Most rainfall occurs in summer, mainly in the months of June to September. The average rainfall in the state is about 650 mm per year.

Economy
The State Gross Nation Product is especially affected by the contribution by exports of the manufacturing sector, consisting mainly on the production of metal products, machinery and equipment. Followed by community, social and personal services. In third include shops, restaurants and hotels.

Gastronomy
The state's cuisine has a wide range of delicious dishes to taste, from simple plates inspired in the mines to fine gourmet delights.

Guanajuato native dishes:

Guacamayas:
Guacamayas are a kind of pork rind tortas with red salsa or guacamole. It is a roll stuffed with pork rinds, accompanied by pickled pork skins, salsa, lemon and salt.

Pacholas Guanajuatenses:
The pacholas are sheets of ground beef red accompanied by salad and mashed or fried potatoes.

Caldos de Oso:
Also called "Bombs". Caldos de Oso is a classic drink of the city of Leon that consists of a glass of fruit with pineapple vinegar, lemon, pepper, salt and cheese.

Miner style Enchiladas:
This delicacy is fried tortillas stuffed with cheese and bathed in guajillo chili sauce, accompanied by potatoes and carrots.

The recipe is named in honor of the former mining activity where workers' wives came to leave hungry men rich enchiladas.

Cebadina
Is a delicious carbonated drink made of pineapple vinegar is added to a decoction of tamarind and hibiscus; left to stand in an oak barrel with a  special touch of a teaspoon of calcium carbonate per glass.

Traditional Festivals and Fairs

Feria de León:
This fair is held from January 14 to February 8. During the art, dining, shopping and livestock exhibitions are held.   Don’t miss the excitement of the cockfights with many artists of the time, bullfighting festivals and exciting rides.

The Medieval Festival of Guanajuato:



This festival is held from 23 to 26 of April. The Medieval Festival of Guanajuato is a medieval re-creation event held since 2005. The event includes arts and cultural activities of the medieval period, between the V and XV.

The International Balloon Festival:



The biggest hot-air festival in Latin America and third in the Americas, held from 14 to 17 November at the Metropolitan Park. The balloon festival receives around 300,000 attendees that enjoy the presence of over 200 balloons of spectacular shapes. Excellent drivers recognized worldwide drive the hot air balloons.

Fiestas de San Juan and Presa de la Olla:
Celebrated during the second week of June with artistic and cultural events, culminating on 24 August with a popular festival in the dam.

Cave Day:
On the 31st of July this festival is celebrated in honor of San Ignacio de Loyola, carrying out a festival in the Cerro de los Picachos.

Day takes Meatball Granaditas:
Celebrated on the 28th of September with a civic-military parade commemorated the capture of Alhóndiga and the heroic participation of El Pipila, who defeated the Spanish army by setting the door of the building on fire.

Magic Towns

Mineral Wells:
This magical town, inevitably takes us to the past where we discover wonderful times of wealth followed by a devastating neglect and abandonment. The rich soil granted its peak during the Porfiriato; but sadly, the stately mines were reduced to ruins after receiving the brunt of the Mexican Revolution and the Cristero War.

Yariría:
It is located south of Guanajuato, is named "Lake of Blood" by the extinct crater of the area and the red color its waters.

This place could be toured taking placid walks exploring the Temple and former Convent of San Agustín, the Chapel of Santa Maria and of course the boardwalk where you can spend unforgettable evenings enjoying the view.

Salvatierra:
This magical village is located south of Guanajuato with rich vegetation where you will be surrounded by green valleys and mountains. Here you can enjoy fantastic architectural works like the bridge centennial farms, temples.

Jalpa of Canovas:
This village belongs to the people of Rincón. Forms part of old farms and small towns, here you can enjoy a beautiful landscape full of walnut, ash and dams that recall a history by visiting its farm, village center, its temple and its mill.

Dolores Hidalgo:
This place is 54 kilometers from the capital of Guanajuato and is nationally known for  being the place where independence of Mexico began. The colonial beauty and elegance of this community is due to the valuable architecture of its historic center and the friendliness of its inhabitants. You can visit the Parish of Our Lady of Sorrows, The Casa de Visitas, Museo Casa Hidalgo, the House of Abasolo and Hacienda de la Erre.

Places of interest

Mummies of Guanajuato



This place is now located at the bottom of Santa Paula cemetery where 109 mummified bodies are on display. Until a few years ago they were displayed without any protection but eventually changes were made in order to improve and protect the bodies that were gradually destroyed by the visiters.

Alhóndiga



It is a building of great historical value built in the city of Guanajuato in the late eighteenth century in times of the Viceroyalty. First employed as a warehouse and grain store. Historically important for being the place where the war of independence started. Its halls showcase important collections that narrate the evolution of the Company since pre-Hispanic times to present day.

Kiss alley



This romantic corner formed by two balconies separated by only 69 centimeters, ideal for couples and visitors in love.

Face of Christ
Particular rock formation where the profile of a face of a man lying looking at the sky appears during sun down. You find it at the Cerro Bufa south of Guanajuato.

Monumento al Pipila



Monument in honor of Juan Jose de los Reyes Martinez, also called Pípila, who did the heroic act the September 28 of 1810 in the first battle of the War of Independence by setting fire to the door to the grenade storage.

Plaza de la Paz



It is the main square since colonial times and one of the oldest with a semi-triangular shape surrounded by the most beautiful buildings in the city. In the center of it is a monument of bronze and marble quarry base made to commemorate the end of the War of Independence.

Street Underground




The underground street is a very particular appeal, with its three kilometers of underground and 8 kilometers of tunnel, following the bed of the river that crossed the city in ancient times. This road was built in order to decongest vehicular traffic in the city center.