Leon is a municipality in the state of Guanajuato known as the Shoe Capital for its processing of these products from their manufacture to export. Its origin dates from January 20, 1576 by Martin Enriquez de Almansa with the name "Villa de Leon" located in the Bajio region. Leon is the most populous city in the state and considered one of the most important in Mexico for its continued progress where historic buildings are combined with modern buildings, avenues, services and tourism so that visitors feel the welcome with which they are received.
During the time of the Classic Period city of Leon he was under the influence of Teotihuacan and Toltec. In 1530 Nuno Beltran de Guzman arrived with allies Tarasco Indians of the area, giving it the name of "Our Lady". In 1546 the Spaniards introduced agriculture and livestock to the place, but these settlers were under constant threat by the Chichimecs, who recognized the Spaniards as invaders. The January 20, 1576 Leon was founded by Juan Bautista de Orozco order of Martin Enriquez de Almanza creating the first council of the city and its main streets. In 1580, the title of "Mayor Mayor" was awarded which means that it ruled the authority of the smaller cities and much of the surrounding land from the Sierra de Comanja to the Lerma River. In 1582, the first hospital of Saints Cosmas and Damian was founded by Father Espino. The Jesuits arrived in León in 1731, founding the "Old Company", which is now the site of the Temple of the Immaculate. They also built the Temple of the New Company, which became the Cathedral, but never completed, since they were expelled from Mexico in 1767. On July 2, 1732 came an image of Our Blessed Mother of Light would later be declared the patron saint of the city, in 1849.
The population of the area experienced epidemics in 1643, droughts in 1630 and 1712-1714, famines in 1714 and 1786, and floods in 1637, 1749 and 1803. When Agustin de Iturbide arrived, the city remained in realistic hands until the end of the War of Independence of Mexico. In 1827 it became one of the four "departments" of the newly created state of Guanajuato, and in 1830, won the category of city. In 1840, Father Ignacio Aguado founded the Colegio de San Francisco de Sales and the College of the Holy Mother in 1844. At the time of the War of Reform, the city changed hands several times between Liberal and conservative forces between 1858 and 1860. Most notable battle of the war was when General José Iniesta attacked the city on February 18, 1859. In 1862 the diocese of León was founded, which separates the city of Leon and nine other municipalities as Irapuato, Guanajuato and Dolores Hidalgo from the bishopric of Michoacan. Between 1863 and 1866, the French occupied León during the French Intervention, with the Emperor Maximilian in the city in 1864. The September 30, 1867 Colonel Cecilio Delgado Estrada ordered his men to shoot over the heads of the people who prayed in the streets, causing some to be injured. Another such incident occurred in 1877. The second was more permanent. Liberals disarmed the convent and school of Saints Peter and Paul, making government offices in the city. On January 2, 1946 a crowd gathered in the square in front of city hall to protest the elections seen as illegitimate. These protesters were shot at, killing many. This square was named the "Martyrs' Square" in its honor.
It is located west of the state of Guanajuato. Limits the northwest with the municipality of San Felipe, west to the city of Guanajuato, the southeast by the municipality of Silao, south to the town of Romita and southwest with the municipality of San Francisco Rincon. It covers an area of 1,183.20 square kilometers.
In the city of Leon the annual average temperature is 19.6 ° C, minimum 7.2 ° C in January, and a maximum of 31.5 ° C in May. In spring it is sunny with low humidity, in nice summer rain usually in the evenings, in autumn is sunny with cool and pleasant temperatures and some rain until early December and winter is cold with strong winds in February and March.
The city is known for its industry in footwear and leather since 60% of shoes produced in the country are made in Leon. Over the years it has also developed an automotive group as the General Motors plant; It is also the national headquarters of Banco Bajio regional divisions as Banamex bank, HSBC, among others.
The State Fair of Leon
It is celebrated during the month of January and February with a duration of 26 days between the two months. Its one of the most important fairs in the country with artisan, commercial and livestock exhibitions, cowboys, concerts, cultural events, fireworks and rides, among others.
Fenal (National Book Fair León)
It is a meeting place in the world of literature and a place to do business in the Midwest. It has the support and participation of CONACULTA, CANIEM, Government of the State, the Leon Poliforum State Institute of Culture, municipal and state public libraries, among other companies and institutions, as well as one of the most important trade fairs in the country.
Feast of the Inditos
This tradition originated in 1876 and is held annually on January 12. It consists on dressing children like inditos in memory of the saint Juan Diego and take them to visit the shrine in honor of the Virgin of Guadalupe.
Party Anniversary of the Founding of the City
The origin of this tradition dates back to 1576, is held every year on January 20 in honor of the anniversary of the founding of the City.
Fiesta de San Sebastián
Originated the same day of the founding of the city on January 20. It celebrates the feast of San Sebastian Martyr, patron of the city, in the temple located opposite the main garden, in the pedestrian zone.
The Leon gastronomy is one of the tastiest in the state of Guanajuato and of course Mexico since their dishes contain ingredients from around the country. Some typical dishes that can not be missed when visiting this place include:
It pork and pork skins torta served with sauce, lemon and salt.
They are made with fruit and jicama, cucumber and pineapple, served in a glass with a preparation of vinegar, pineapple, lemon, pepper, salt and cheese.
A combination of cold meats, pork sausages, pork skins and pickled pork legs with fruits like apple, tangerine, orange and guava.
It's cool barley water to which sodium bicarbonate is added before consuming.
Places of interest
Metropolitan Cathedral Basilica of Leon
Its construction began in the eighteenth century, is located in the center of the historic city. It is a Roman Catholic church in the neoclassical decor with some baroque features and a neoclassical decoration dedicated to the Holy Mother of Light and patron prevails the city to which thousands of pilgrims arrive every year to venerate their her with love and joy.
Expiatorio Temple of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Its construction started in 1921 by Fr. Bernardo Chavez with the help of contributions from the faithful but currently still continues its construction and progress is 90%. It is an amazing attraction open to the general public and one of the most beautiful temples in the country where you can admire crypts with monumental bronze relief sculptures.
Created in 1978 by the Convention and Exhibition Center of Leon, it is currently the largest convention center in Latin America, with hotel. Here are held annually worldwide events, such as exhibitions of the footwear industry, medical conventions, business, entertainment, cultural events, home of Rally Guanajuato, popular concerts, as well as their integration into the State Fair of Leon, which has become the second enclosure with more shows in Mexico.
Arco de la Calzada
This monument was built in 1843 by Ing. Pedro Tejeda Lion located on the road of Heroes in a neoclassical style with arch and the front four columns, topped by a bronze lion. The first place, without a doubt, with which to start your tour in this beautiful city.
It was founded on September 19, 1979 located in the community of Ibarrilla. It has 240 different species and more than 2,000 animals of which 8 species are unique to the contry like: the flying fox, Kamchatka bear, Lemur lobster, warthogs, among others. Here you can spend some quality time with your family in an environment conservation and especially showing respect for the animals.
Known as "El Barrio" is the oldest in the city and was created by mulattos. It developed a saddler and tanning industry that provided much needed elements to the carriers, traders and miners in the region.