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DISCOVER SAN MIGUEL DE ALLENDE




San Miguel de Allende in a municipality of Guanajuato founded with the name of "San Miguel" in the year 1542 by a monk of San Francisco named San Miguel El Grande, became a centerpiece in the war for the independence of Mexico from Spain, which was renamed to San Miguel de Allende in honor of Ignacio Allende, hero of the independence movement.

It is famous for its architecture that inherits much of the pre-Hispanic culture, its stunning landscape of mountains, canyons, valleys and paths. To visit it you can enjoy music, fashion, film festivals and religious festivals. Its cuisine boasts a wide range of flavors and made from a combination of European and indigenous flavors.

History
The origin of the city dates from the year 1542 by the Franciscan monk Fray Juan de San Miguel, who named the settlement San Miguel el Grande.

Ignacio Allende, a native of San Miguel, and a key leader in the war against the Spanish domination. Captured when he marched towards the United States in search of weapons, he was judged in Chihuahua, sentenced and executed.

The population of San Miguel el Grande was raised to town on 8 March 1826 and changed the name to "San Miguel de Allende" in honor of national hero.

In the years 90's San Miguel de Allende was on the verge of becoming a ghost town but in 1926 the Mexican Government declared it historical monument, since development in the historic district is therefore restricted to preserve the colonial character of the town.

In the 1950s, San Miguel de Allende became a tourist destination known for its beautiful colonial architecture and its hot springs. Over time it began to restore its tourist attractions when many American soldiers outside service discovered that educational institutions Services of USA entrusted to the Allende Institute, so it was guaranteed the education of his family, given which began to spend long periods in this city.

This city boasts numerous Catholic churches with beautiful facades of quarry, the most spectacular of these being the Parish of San Miguel Arcangel, converted in the symbol of the city; in 1880 the new neo-Gothic façade was applied by master Ceferino Gutiérrez, which highlights the pointed arches, columns and niches with stylized sculptures adorning them. The interior of the temple of neoclassic style retains some paintings with religious themes that have been attributed to the brothers Juan and Nicolás Rodríguez Juárez.

Location
Is located in the zone Center - East of the territory of Guanajuato, 40 km north of Celaya, 45 km northwest of Santiago de Querétaro, 32 km southeast of Dolores Hidalgo and 86 km east of Irapuato to 97 Km East of the city of Guanajuato and 274 Km Northwest of the Federal District at 1,910 meters above the sea level.

Climate
Average annual temperature goes from 16 to 18 ° C, in the South and southwestern areas reach an average of 18 to 20 ° C, while areas higher central and Eastern territory have an average between 14 and 16 ° C.

Summers are hot with a rainy season, which usually produce sporadic storms. The winters are moderate its temperature varies between 16 and 22 ° C.

Gastronomy
The cuisine of San Miguel de Allende offers a wide range of traditional dishes that combine indigenous and European flavors.

Then some dishes that you cannot lose taste when visiting this beautiful city:

Miner Enchiladas: Tortillas are fried chicken-filled and covered with a sauce of guajillo chile.
Fiambre San Miguel de Allende: It is a mixture of meats, fruits and vegetables washed with olive oil and Apple Cider vinegar vinaigrette.
Pacholas: They are fried ground beef strips and served with vegetables
Beet water: Refreshing beet juice.
Caramel: Traditional Mexican sweet made of caramelized goat's milk.
Tumbagon: A wafer rolled up and covered with sugar and cinnamon

Traditional Festivals

Birth of General Ignacio Allende and Unzaga:
It is celebrated annually on January 21 with a parade and civic acts military in honor of insurgent Ignacio Allende.

Fiesta de San Antonio de Padua:
It is celebrated every year on June 13 with a traditional and popular parade and "Los Locos" where they participate disguised with masks in the main streets of the city. In addition there is parade with floats, bands and lots of entertainment.

International Festival of cinema Guanajuato:
It is celebrated for 10 days of the month of July 5 in San Miguel de Allende and 5 in the city of Guanajuato during which films are projected from more than 100 countries in competition. A guest country is featured each year. Workshops and conferences are offered in addition to the film samples. This Festival was the creator of the first International Pitching Market, the First Meeting of Women in Cinema in Latin America and the documentary program identity and belonging.

San Miguel Archangel Feast:
Celebrated the 29 of September and the most important of the city of San Miguel de Allende since it celebrates the patron saint of the city: San Miguel Arcángel. It begins with the traditional dawn and ends with a procession with the image of San Miguel Arcángel through the streets of the city center. Also social, artistic, sporting and cultural events are conducted as well as their famous Bullfight.

National Wool and brass fair:
It is celebrated the last days of the month of November in which exhibitions involving foreign and national artisans.

International Jazz Festival:
Held every year in the last week of November, dedicated to presentations of national and international soloists and bands in this musical genre.

Christmas party:
The celebration starts on the 16th of December with the traditional public feast. Theater, music, chants and floats, among other popular celebrations are also held.

Feast of the Virgin of the conception:
It is held August the 8th in the temple that is known as ¨Las Monjas¨, located in the center of the city.

Sites of interest

The Church of St. Michael Archangel:
It was built in the 17th century with a traditional façade. Zeferino Gutiérrez, who was an Indian bricklayer and self-taught architect, built the current Gothic façade in 1880. In front of this facade is a small Atrium and a monument in the Atrium dedicated to Bishop José Maria Jesus Diez de Sollano y Dávalos.

Allende House Museum:
It was home of Ignacio Allende, built in 1759 with Baroque and neoclassical elements, situated next to the parish church of San Miguel, who was a main character in the first part of the war of independence from Mexico.

This type of Museum focuses on the history of the area from prehistoric times until today, especially the role of the area in the national history of Mexico. The ground floor contains exhibits on the Foundation of the city, its role in the protection of Real of Earth in Road and more. The top floor contains exhibits related to Ignacio Allende and some of the rooms are preserved as they were when he lived there.

The House of Mayorazgo de la Canal:
Its origin dates to the 18th century, built by Mariano de Loreto de la Canal and Landeta. During the late colonial period, this House was the most important, being the home of the family De La Canal. The House is considered a work of transition between the Baroque and neoclassical. The main portal has two levels with a bow with a relief of an eagle in the cornerstone. The main door is profusely decorated with high reliefs. Currently, it is home to the Casa de Cultura of Banamex, which contains a collection of historical paintings and offers various exhibitions throughout the year.

The Church Neri Oratorio de San Felipe:
It was built in 1712 by Juan Antonio Pérez Espinosa. This church was partially built by the incorporation of an old chapel used by the mulatto population of the city. The facade is of pink sandstone in Baroque style with profuse vegetal ornamentation. The decorative work of the portal also contains indigenous influences. The interior of the Church has a painting of an image of the Virgin of Guadalupe.

The Church of San Francesco:
Its origin dates back to the year 1778, the façade is pure Churrigueresque with thin columns and stone figures. The Bell Tower was later built in 1799 in neoclassical style by the architect Francisco Eduardo Tresguerras.

Craft Market:
In this market you will find a wide variety of items for sale such as those made of wool, paper mache and blown glass. There are Piñatas, Tin lanterns, silver jewelry and much more. This place merchandise is more authentic and cheaper.

Home of the Inquisitor:
It was built in 1780 by the greatest Inquisitor in the town, who tilled a few beautiful windows adorned with iron worked balconies and a beautiful stone frame at its main entrance. It was the headquarters of the Inquisition in the 18th century with a neoclassical style in pink quarry.

Angela Peralta Theater:
It was opened in 1873 with the performance of the most famous soprano of Mexico at the time, Angela Peralta. Today, it still hosts a variety of musical events such as the Jazz Festival and the Chamber Music Festival.