" Pachuca " is a Nahuatl word : Patlachihuacan , Pachoacan , Pachyohcan meaning ( ' Place of silver and gold , Place of government , Place of hay, narrow place '); officially Pachuca is a Mexican city of Pachuca county seat and state capital of Hidalgo.
The city has a population of 256,584 inhabitants, which corresponds to 95.78 % of the municipal population of 267,862 , which accounts for 10.05% of the total population of the state of Hidalgo. It has a human development index of 0.9022 ( Very High ), 9 and contributes 13.6 % of gross state domestic product of Hidalgo.
The city was founded in 1438 by a Mexican group , during the Viceroyalty of New Spain he was part of one of the most important mining centers because this is where the amalgamation method was used for the first time , to obtain silver , known as profit patio. At the beginning of the independence war mines they were abandoned , and for 1813 , Pachuca received the title of city. In 1869 Benito Juarez created the state of Hidalgo , designating as capital of the state to the city of Pachuca .
From 1824-1906 , Pachuca and Real del Monte had a period of association with Cornwall, England, the Cornish community was established during the nineteenth century , only to decline during the first half of the twentieth century ; This left different cultural influences in the region such as football and paste.
The metropolitan area of Pachuca has a population of 512,196 inhabitants in an area of 1201.61 km2 , and is composed of seven municipalities of Hidalgo ( Pachuca and Mineral del Monte, Mineral de la Reforma, San Agustin Tlaxiaca , Epazoyucan , Zapotlán and Zempoala ) ; It is the thirty metropolitan Mexico .
It hosts Pachuca Football Club , founded by the British miners in 1901 , but historical evidence since 1889 ; which became the first official football club of Mexico . Why the city is known as the Cradle of Mexican Football . Pachuca is also regarded as the birthplace of Mexican national tennis and golf for the stay of the British miners , and also the charrería considered the national sport of Mexico .
It is located in the central-eastern part of Mexico ; It is located 96 km north of Mexico City ; It has an altitude 2400 meters above sea level. It is popularly known as La Bella Airosa or as The Bride of the Wind, due to winds blowing from the northeast during much of the year.
The weather is cold with heavy rain and occasional hail during the summer months and dry conditions during the winter. It is considered as a city with warm temperature.
The average air temperature is 14 ° C; April and May being the month with the highest average temperature in December and January and the months with the lowest average temperature. Its rainfall is between 400 to 800 mm annual average, of which over 70% is lost through evaporation. The rainy season covers the months from May to October, the dry season from November to April includes, but often the city is affected by cold fronts and tropical storms affecting the Gulf of Mexico due to its proximity to east.
Frosts are presented in ranges of 40-70 days a year, mainly during the months of December and January, while the mists and thunderstorms are observed with greater intensity in the months of June to October. For much of the year, the city is the scene of heavy winds are dominant for 8 or 9 months of the year, the wind direction is from north to south and from northeast to southwest with an average speed of 22-24 m / s ; taking extreme speed of 60 to 75 k / h.
Trade is the main economic activity , this sector is of great importance for the economic flow that leaves the municipality, which accommodates a large number of people within different branches of the same sector; it is estimated that there are nearly 4850 establishments. The city has a Central de Abastos built in 1980 , remains one of the major trading centers of Hidalgo , on Mondays in this room the flea market called " La Barata " is set .
It is the fruit that grows in arid lands . The boneless tuna is generally yellowish green and white pulp . The thorny tuna is purple and is used in the production of honey, cheese and other preparations .
Descends from the Aztec word xoconotl . Fruit of a cactus family cactus that contains different sizes of fragile stalks moisture . It is a small tuna with thick Mexican pink inside shell. There are different ways to prepare them , are bittersweet strong , its most common use is in sauces or seasoning mole de olla .
Tamal one or two meters long, wrapped in banana leaves stuffed with chicken or pork accompanied by salsa guajillo chile (preferably the top of the back of an adult pig or a weaned piglet is used ) wide and morita , garlic , onion and water.
Exclusive dish of the mining region , Pachuca Real del Monte, in the state of Hidalgo. It is a kind of pie containing bits of meat , potatoes and parsley , also carries pepper and chopped green chile is a Mexican to the original recipe of the English addition.
Usually lamb dish that is wrapped in maguey leaf , where garlic , onion , rice , chickpeas, and species is added. It is cooked in a hole that opens and heated with coal or wood .
In the same furnace where the barbecue is prepared, but with a radically different flavor it has joined the Hidalgo tradition a dish called it ximbó . Using as a template maguey leaves and cover a preparation of nopales , fish and pork is done to achieve a decent plate of the best table .
Mixiote turkey :
The cuticle is mixiote the stalk of the maguey used to wrap various types of meat (chicken , lamb , etc. ) and cook on barbecue by extension is named the stew resulting from this combination.
In 2010 the tourist infrastructure that account is as follows: 1471/4 32 hotels, 157 drinking establishments and food preparation and 36 travel agencies, 13 car rental companies, 4 convention centers and 1 golf course. In 2010, they arrived in Pachuca 310,322 tourists, of which 86% (276,351) were residents of the country. The Fair of the city receives an average of 750 to 850,000 visitors per edition. One of the products most sought by tourists are the pastes.
The Calinda Hotel which was established in 1987 and is now Fiesta Inn, then the Excellence Plaza Hotel in 1992, Hotel La Joya in 1993, The Hotel Camino Real in charge of Grupo Empresarial Angeles (formerly Crowne Plaza) which was established in 2005 ; and the Holiday Inn are a sample of hotels in the city.
The main tourist attractions of the city are the buildings, monuments and museums of the historic center, and the various cultural centers in other parts of the city highlighting the David Ben Gurion Park. The Hidalgo Stadium is a major attraction, especially during matches of the First Division of Mexican Soccer. In the city flows a tourist tram called Turibus Pachuca, installed in 2003 that runs through the main attractions of the city center.