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DISCOVER GUADALAJARA





Guadalajara is a city and Mexican municipality, capital and most populous city in the state of Jalisco. It is located in western Mexico, in the center of Jalisco, in the geographical area known as Valle de Atemajac. It is the third most populous city with 1,495,182 inhabitants and the second largest urban area in Mexico and the tenth in Latin America with 4,625,000 inhabitants.

The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area consists of the municipalities of Tonala, Zapopan, Tlaquepaque and Tlajomulco. Each area provides attractions for all tastes.

In the city center can find neoclassical architecture buildings and beautiful houses in the avenues of La Paz and Vallarta. Among these beautiful buildings you can find the Government Palace and the Hospicio Cabañas where you can also see murals by José Clemente Orozco; Basilica of the Virgin of Guadalupe and the Teatro Degollado.

The Chapultepec Avenue offers visitors a walk from where to admire the beauty of the city and its urban culture including fountains, bars, restaurants, cafes and bookstores.


History




The first inhabitants settled in Nochistlán around January 5, 1532. Shortly after the city was divided, some migrated to Tonala and others Tetlán. By August 1533 the village was established in Tonala, in what would be called the New Galicia. Shortly after the villagers moved to Tlacotán, where he would receive the title of city and its coat of arms in 1539. The town was destroyed after several battles with natives of the area; so they decided to move to the Valley of Atemajac in the town of Tetlán on the 9th of October of 1541.

The name of Guadalajara took it in memory of Guadalajara, Spain, birthplace of Nuño de Guzmán.

On February 4 of 1542 the first council of the actual Guadalajara was established and given one last time, the title of City by the Emperor Charles V. The latter "foundation" of Guadalajara, Cristóbal de Oñate is observed as the founder of the city.


Economy




The city's economy is based on industry, especially information technology with a large number of international companies with manufacturing facilities in the Guadalajara metropolitan area. It also features local products such as shoes, textiles and food processing industries.


Festivals




Guadalajara is an important cultural center of Mexico, considered by most as the home of mariachi and host to several major cultural events like the 2011 Pan American Games.

Named the American Capital of Culture in 2005.


Anniversary of the founding of Guadalajara


Each February 14 Guadalajara celebrates its founding by holding celebrations all day from 8:30 to 22:00 hours at the City Hall, Plaza Guadalajara, Founders Square and the Rotunda of Illustrious Men.

Held since 2000, this festival has become one of the largest in the state of Jalisco.


International Mariachi and Charreria




Since 1994, at the initiative of Don René Rivial, Guadalajara has dedicated disseminate and preserve the mariachi music and charros cultural manifestation, this last regarded as the only national sport. The event brings together the best mariachis and charros in the world accompanied by philharmonic orchestras.


May Cultural Festival


Festival of music and dance among these: opera, choral music, dance, contemporary music, symphonic music, jazz and ballet for children are some of the events that will be held each year during Cultural Festival in May.

Organized by the Ministry of Culture, Government of the State of Jalisco and the participating municipalities with the support of Conaculta through the INBA and the Department of Cultural Linkage.


October Festivities


With over 40 years of tradition, the first Saturday of October to the first Sunday of November the Fiestas de Octubre organize artistic and cultural events for the whole family at the Auditorio Benito Juarez and different locations in the city. The traditional parade along Av. September 16th marks the start of the event.


Guadalajara International Film Festival




Most important film festival in Latin America with projects and guests from around the world. Born as the Mexican Film Festival on March 10, of 1986 at the initiative of University of Guadalajara, and is reconciled as the Guadalajara International Film Festival in its XVII edition.


International Book Fair in Guadalajara




The Guadalajara International Book Fair (FIL) in Mexico is one of the most important annual event of its kind in the Spanish speaking world. Founded in 1987, organized by the University of Guadalajara and held annually from the last Saturday in November for nine days.


Pilgrimage of the Metropolitan Cathedral to the Basilica of Zapopan


Each year from May 20 to October 11 Our Lady of Zapopan visit temples located in the municipalities of Guadalajara, Tlaquepaque, Zapopan and the village of San Andrés. From the early morning the faithful pilgrims gather from the Guadalajara Cathedral to the Basilica of Zapopan.


Club Deportivo Guadalajara




Guadalajara is home to the Club Deportivo Guadalajara, one of the most popular soccer teams in Mexico. Founded on March 8, 1906, the Chivas of Guadalajara have won the hearts of the locals winning 11 titles during their career, the last of these being the draw with Club Deportivo Toluca ensuring victory (3-2) to Chivas.


Activities


Tequila Express


Enjoy a ride on the "Tequila Express" to the magical town of Tequila Jalisco just 50 kilometers northwest of Guadalajara and learn first hand the process of distillation of tequila and taste the best tequila in the world.

River adventure Jungle Fun passage through the narrow channel to the north of Guadalajara surrounded by mangrove trees, roots, herons, turtles and giant pythons. The guides and drivers of the boats are certified to make your experience the most safe and enjoyable as possible.


Excursion to the Volcano of Fire


During your visit to the magical town of Comala, enjoy a tour Monday through Sunday from 8:00 to 19:00 to the active volcano Fuego. Discover the fauna and animals around when visiting the volcano 3,860 meters above sea level. The volcano 125 kilometers southeast of Guadalajara is located.


Guachimontones Archaeological Site




50 km south of downtown Guadalajara is the archaeological site Guachimontones that dates back to 400 BC.

Hire a tour to Guachimontones to see fascinating place full of culture and mystery. Discovered in 1970 and declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on July 12, 2004.


Horse-drawn carriage ride


A visit to Guadalajara would not be complete without a tour of the Historic Center Guadalajara without a ride by horse-drawn carriage to admire the architectural beauties and attractions the city has to offer. A ride on horse-drawn carriage returns you to relive the quiet life of the seventeenth century.


Tour by Lake Chapala Ajijic




Come see the biggest most beautiful natural lake in Mexico, Lake Chapala, just 50 km from Guadalajara. Enjoy the sights, artesian, hospitality and gastronomy of the adjacent lake villages, highlighting among these Ajijic and Chapala.


Shopping Tour Guadalajara, Tonala and Tlaquepaque


Definitely of the most undertaken activities for visitors in Guadalajara are the Guadalajara Tours Shopping and its surroundings. Tlaquepaque and Guadalajara are full of art both in its architecture, museums and galleries, but if traditional Mexican crafts and blown glass is what you seek, Tonala is the place for you. Hire a qualified tour guide and enjoy a safe and comfortable tour.


Places of interest


Barranca Oblates-Huentitán


Its wonderful landscapes, natural beauty and stunning sunset have placed Oblates Barranca-Huentitán on the map. From the top of the cliff you will see 600 meters in depth how the Rio Grande de Santiago has carved its way through the landscpae.

Located north of Guadalajara within the limits of Tonala, Zapotlanejo, Ixtlahuacán River and Zapopan. A less experienced you are advised to hire a guide service to descend the ravine.


Guadalajara Cathedral




Since its construction in 1561 the Metropolitan Cathedral of Guadalajara, also known as the Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary, symbolizes the faith and delivery of the faithful to maintain the most representative building of the city on foot. Its 65 meters high are not of the original building, but were built in the nineteenth century after the original collapsed due to an earthquake in 1818. Its original chapel found a similar end as well after a quake in 1875.

The "crypt of the Archbishops” is one of the biggest attractions of the cathedral. Within this find the remains of influential bishops and cardinals like bishops Juan Jesus Posadas Ocampo, Francisco Gómez de Mendiola and Don Juan Santiago de León Garabito.


Andares Mall


Mega premier commercial development with over 13 hectares of space. Designed by architect Sordo Madaleno, offers a space to celebrate the art, culture, fellowship and entertainment. The center has parking for 3,500 cars, a forum for 400 attendees, green areas, more than 230 shops, a modern water treatment system, modern light system and fire protection.


Omnilife Stadium


Headquarters of Club Deportivo Guadalajara, better known as Las Chivas, located in the metropolitan area of Guadalajara in the municipality of Zapopan. Those responsible for conducting the project design were Jean Marie Massaud & Daniel Pouzet from Studio Massaud Pouzet, a prestigious French firm that maintained the standard and official requirements of FIFA and the strictest national and international standards in terms of safety. Its seating area is 21,000 m2 with capacity for more than 49,850 attendees and 208 places for handicap people and a companion with ramps for easy access.


Cabañas Cultural Institute


Instituto Cultural Cabañas, better known as Hospicio Cabañas, is a public agency whose objective the promotion and cultural diffusion. Its exterior is of neoclassical style. Inside of 23,447 m2 living works of José Clemente Orozco, Mathias Goeritz and other prominent artists from Jalisco. It is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 to 18:00 hours with a minimum cost of admission.


Mercado San Juan De Dios




Also known as the Liberty Market, located in downtown Guadalajara. The market is considered the largest indoor market in Latin America with an area of 400,000 m2. Visitors will find everything from fruit, clothing, sneakers and electronics, in its 3,000 stores spread over 3 floors. The market is open year round and is a favorite for those who come to shop this beautiful city site.


Hunting Museum "Benito Albarran"


This unique museum showcases the collection of wild and exotic animals hunter by Mr. Benito Albarran. His collection numbers about 270 specimens, among these you´ll find a polar bear, whitetail deer, a wapiti, buffalo, white rhino, lions and tigers among others. The museum opens Sundays and holidays from 10:00 to 14:30 hours.


Wax Museum


In a center of Guadalajara on one side of the Plaza de Liberation is a collection of 160 figures of characters from around the world in 12 themed rooms. The museum will be open from Monday to Sunday from 11:00 to 20:00 hours.


Ripley Museum


In Ripley's Museum you can admire the extensive collection compiled by Robert L. Ripley, journalist and archaeologist who made countless trips around the world looking for the fun or strange to show to everyone.


Museum of the City of Guadalajara


Space dedicated to reflection, study and delight in the history, traditions and customs of Guadalajara to form a better future. The museum located on a farm of the seventeenth century formed convent by the Capuchin nuns. The museum has 6 permanent rooms presenting the history of Guadalajara between the sixteenth and twentieth centuries, 4 temporary rooms presenting topics related to the city, a patio, auditorium for 120 people and a library.


Regional Museum of Guadalajara




Located inside a building originally built in 1701 for the Second Seminar of San José. Converted to museum in December 1918 which houses colonial art collections of the seventeenth and seventeenth centuries, European paintings of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and other modern paintings. Among the 14 rooms there is a paleontology room where you find the complete skeleton of a mammoth among other objects.


Pantheon Bethlehem


Located next to the old civil hospital. This architectural gem was the rest place for famous people during the nineteenth century. Inside you'll find the pantheon chapel of Egyptian architecture. Enjoy a guided tour through the pantheon and listen to the legends of the place.


Plaza de Armas de Guadalajara


Picturesque square in the historic center of Guadalajara located on one side of the Cathedral of Guadalajara. The Plaza de Armas is one of the oldest in Guadalajara, built in the late nineteenth century. Its French-style kiosk composed of 8 female figures adorns the center of the square. Around the square we can find 4 beautiful maidens grecolatinas sculptures representing the four seasons.


Plaza Tapatía


Large square of 70,000 m2 built in 1982 that extends from Teatro Degollado to the Cabañas Cultural Center. The place is known for its extensive central plaza with monument of the Immolation of Quetzalcoatl. Plaza Tapatia offers a touristic stroll through the historic downtown where visitors can enjoy beautiful areas of parking, numerous fountains and monuments as Wizards Universal, the Monument of Children Playing, The Seal of Guadalajara and others.


Teatro Degollado


Theatre built in the mid nineteenth century from the idea of building a quality theater in town. Construction started under President Santos Degollado on March 5, 1855 and ended on September 13, 1866 under the name Teatro Alarcon but later changed to honor its main promoter. Its architecture is a neoclassical style with influences of the Italian theater. Today it houses the Philharmonic Orchestra of Jalisco, of Galas the International Mariachi and Charreria, the Folkloric Ballet of the University of Guadalajara, the Ballet of the City of Guadalajara and concert stage, opera, ballet, concerts, plays theater and presentations of prominent national and international artists.


Teatro Diana


The Movie Theater Diana, predecessor of Diana Theater, Film was designed by architect Julio de la Peña and closed its doors to the public in 1995. The building was kept closed for several years until it was purchased and remodeled in 2001 by the University of Guadalajara, reopening in 2005 under the name Diana theater. Today Teatro Diana receives national and international artists like teátricos groups.


Expiatory temple of the Blessed Sacrament


Stunning architectural catholic jewel, dedicated to the Blessed Sacrament , of neo-Gothic style located in the historic center of Guadalajara. The work was started to build in 1987 by Italian designer Adamo Boari. The construction stopped during the Mexican Revolution and finally completed until 1972. The temple is similar to the temples found in old Europe.


Guadalajara Zoo




Located in the canyon Huentitán, Guadalajara Zoo is one of the best zoos in Latin America. In the 50-acre zoo you will find the Planetarium Severo Diaz, Huentitán Natural Park, the amusement park and Aquarius Selva Magica Guadalajara. Opened on March 11, 1988 and opened to the public on the 25th of March.