Morelia is the capital of Michoacan and one of the most beautiful and important cities of our country for its tourist destinations and invaluable historical and cultural heritage.
This city offers excellent hospitality to visitors with the baroque style of its many monuments, the imposing volume of its towers, the harmony of the architectural structures and the rational use of ornamental elements; and of course never forget their traditions, legends, crafts that make this place one of the best destinations for visitors.
In 1545 during the Spanish colonial era was named Mechuacan City, which later changed to "City of Valladolid" for the purpose of having a Capital city where resided the civil and ecclesiastical authorities to make possible the administration.
In the year 1810 Father Hidalgo entered the city and decreed the abolition of slavery. In 1813 Morelos tried to conquer the plaza, but was defeated by Agustin de Iturbide. Later, Iturbide consummated national independence on September 27, 1821, with the triumphal entry of Trigarante Army to Mexico City.
The May 19, 1822 Agustin de Iturbide was proclaimed emperor of the Mexicans by Congress; he served as head of the first independent formal government of Michoacan Congress. He decided to rename the city "Morelia" on September 12, 1828 to honor Jose Maria Morelos, a native of the city.
The municipality of Morelia was established on December 10, 1831. Morelia was taken during French Intervention by imperialist troops, so the Republican capital of Michoacan was moved to Uruapan until the conflict ended. In 1870 the city began its entry into modernity with the operation of the first factories, the inauguration of the telegraph line in 1883, the arrival of rail service to Morelia, the operation of the tram system in 1888, the inauguration of electric lighting and the first banking institution in 1897.
In 1917 the Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo was created from the former College of San Nicolas.
Morelia in 1990 was proposed to be part of the "Cultural Heritage" but was about to lose its character as a World Heritage Site due to the large number of informal street trade in the downtown area, until they were relocated to various shopping malls in 2001.
Morelia formerly Valladolid is the capital of Michoacan, the city is located in the Valley of Guayangareo, formed by a fold of Neovolcanic Cross, in the northern region of the state, in the center-west of the country.
It is the most populous and extensive state of Michoacan city and the twenty seventh nationally, with an area of 78 square kilometers and a population of 597,511 inhabitants according to the results of the Census of Population and Housing 2010 INEGI, standing at 27 ° in the country in population terms.
In Morelia dominated by temperate climate with average humidity with precipitation regime ranging from 700-1000 mm annual rainfall and maximum winter rains of 5 mm. The average annual temperature ranges from 16.2 ° C in the mountainous area of the municipality and 18.7 ° C in the lowest areas.
The gastronomy of this city is fascinating because its typical food is the combination of the Purepecha kitchen with European cuisine. Some of the most popular snacks in the town that you cannot miss are:
Green triangular tamales wrapped in corn leaves and served with cream sauce.
Tender corn tamales topped with cream or served as an accompaniment to stews.
Soup made with red beef and vegetable chili.
Corn and chile stew, accompanied by meat and cheese.
Fried pieces of pork meat, eaten in corn tortilla tacos.
Made with fish and sour tuna
Rice dish and roast pork.
Strips of dried meat fried with egg and chili.
The main economic activity of Morelia are services, among them financial, real estate and tourism, followed by the construction industry and manufacturing. As part of its active tourist life, the city is home to major annual cultural festivals and international music festivals, organ, film and food.
International Music Festival of Morelia Miguel Bernal Jimenez:
It is a musical event in memory of the composer and organist moreliano "Miguel Bernal Jimenez" held annually in the city since its inception in 1988 during the month of November.
The festival consists of over forty concerts with over 500 participating artists in highlighting genres like Gregorian chant, chamber music, electroacoustic, contemporary, opera and various recitals. In some of its editions and as fair recognition of their cultural heritage, the Festival has honored artists like Mozart, Beethoven, Revueltas, Blas Galindo, Manuel M. Ponce and self Bernal Jimenez, by playing their music.
Rock Climbing Festival:
It is an event held annually in the month of March dedicated to promoting rock climbing in the city in places like El Paredon de la Noria, south of the city proper.
A festival during march that features a three day salsa contest in the heart of Morelia called "SalsaMich"; This festival brings salsa dancers from all over Mexico to compete for awards.
International Morelia Film Festival (FICM):
Film festival founded in 2003, is a unique meeting point in the country between Mexican filmmakers, the audience and the film community Michoacan International. FICM's mission is to promote new talents of Mexican cinema, increase film offer and contribute to the promotion of cultural and tourist activities in the state of Michoacan.
Festival of Morelia:
It is celebrated in memory of the life of Emiliano Zapata with cultural and political activities. The purpose of the event is to promote art exhibitions, cultural and social organizations in the state of Michoacan and other parts of Mexico. The events are spread out over several days and include concerts, roundtables and briefings.
Museum of Contemporary Art Alfredo Zalce:
This museum was created in honor of the Michoacan artist Alfredo Zalce and presents exhibitions of national and international contemporary art. It also includes works by the painter Efrain Vargas and other contemporary artists.
The Mask Museum:
It is located in the former convent of the Carmelitas Descalzos; It presents multiple collections of different masks made of wood, leather, paper etc. and it has a total of 165 examples of cultures in twenty Mexican states.
Museum of Colonial Art:
It opened in 1984 in a building of the eighteenth century Baroque style that preserves important artistic works from different origins. It has a collection of documents, old books, religious ornaments and maps of the colonial era. Its main attraction is its collection of more than 100 figures of Christ done in cornstalk paste. Indigenous artists, beginning under the direction of Vasco de Quiroga, between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, created these figures. There are also paintings by Miguel Cabrera and Jose Padilla from the eighteenth century.
It was inaugurated on August 11, 1986 and is located in a stone building built in the eighteenth century, its collection consists of three sections: archeology, history and ethnology, showing interesting artifacts lithic ceramics, metalwork and jewelry, as well as indigenous clothing and other aspects of various ethnographic regions the state, as well as hosting some historical elements of great importance and an exhibition of ancient Pharmacy Mier with his team since 1868.
Michoacan Regional Museum:
This museum is housed in a building that belonged to Emperor Maximilian I, and ornate Baroque style. It was founded on January 30, 1886, under the direction of Dr. Nicolas Leon Caldero. Most exhibitions are presented on the history of the region, with rooms devoted to pre-Columbian artifacts and colonial art. One notable piece is the painting called " Traslado de las Monjas” (translated “Transfer of the Nuns”), which is considered the best work produced in Michoacan during the colonial period.
Orquidario of Morelia:
It is located south of the city founded in June 1980, it aims at contributing to resource conservation Orchid in the museum that houses about 3400 species of flowers. The botanical garden has three greenhouses with some outside space with an area of over 990 meters.
House of Culture:
It is a cultural center founded in 1978 located in a former convent of the seventeenth century which belonged to the Carmelite monks. The purpose of this cultural center is to offer cultural activities to both the community and its visitors, among which include art workshops, exhibitions, concerts and other events.
The cathedral is located on the first block of the city and is one of the most representative buildings of Morelia. Its construction began in August 6, 1660 and ended in 1744, 84 years later.
Inside two images very revered by the religious community: Sacred Heart of Jesus who is the patron saint of the city and the Seños de la Sacristía.
It is located southwest of Morelis. You'll love this village with its colonial scenery and traditions. During your visit you can stroll around Lake Patzcuaro, see its islands and enjoy its cuisine including corunda and snow pasta. Don´t miss the opportunity to buy beautiful handicrafts, tablecloths, napkins and see the mural of the history of Michoacan.
Just a few minutes from Morelia is the largest lagoon of the country. In this beautiful place visitors can not miss to see the mural in the temple and former Augustinian convent of Mary Magdalene, appreciate the scenery, plant handicrafts and try its rich cuisine which includes minnows, pork, frog legs, turkey mole and corn tortillas fibers.
Known for developing the most beautiful craft of the country. Visitors here can visit the ruins of the Chapel of Our Lady of Carmen, Santiago Temple Puxtla, the Mina Dos Estrellas, try the tasty barbecue and sweet, also, close to there is a dam called Brockman where you can observe the natural spectacle of the Monarch Butterfly in November.
Santa Clara del Cobre:
This magical town is known for beautiful provincial architecture and very outstanding tradition of forging copper by hammer ensuring that you get a unique piece by artisans. In this place visitors can visit the Museum of Copper with beautiful pieces of great value The Parish of the Immaculate Conception, the church of Our Lady Sagrario, pine forests that surround it and its cuisine which highlights the lamb, roasted tortas made with apache style meat and traditional bread.
This magical village is characterized for being a mining town of colonial architecture. This place is a refuge for millions of monarch butterflies that travel annually between the months of October and March, they come here to breed in spring and start their journey back to complete their cycle life.
Visitors can visit the parish of San Limón and Temple of the Conception, tour the Tourist Tunnel San Simon and taste its cuisine by eating typical food of places like churipo, corundas and uchepos.