Welcome to “The City of Eternal Spring”
Cuernavaca is a municipality and capital of the State of Morelos; its origin dates back to the 12th century and is located 85 km south of the city of Mexico. Also known as "City of eternal spring" as it is a privileged place in the world with an ideal climate that maintain pleasant temperatures almost all year and its wide variety of flowers. In addition to its museums that remind us the history of the city in colonial times, its tourist sites and its wide gastronomic variety to enjoy in family.
The city origin dates back to the 12th century founded by the tlahuicas, one of the seven "nahuatlacas" tribes, though by all the State of Morelos there are vestiges of previous settlements of olmecoides groups and toltecs. Cuernavaca is located among the peoples conquered by Acamapichtli according to the Mendocino Codex, and later appears among the towns conquered by Itzcoatl who won by force during his lordship. The tlahuicas were dedicated to the cultivation of cotton, which attracted the attention of the mexicas. Cuernavaca was tribute city of them until the arrival of the army of Hernán Cortés. Considered at that time a heavenly place, for its beautiful climate and its great variety of flowers. The marquisate was founded 6 July 1529 by the Royal Charter of which Cuernavaca formed part of, same one that gave Cuernavaca the title of "Villa”, taking advantage of part of its territory for the social organization existing in the seigniory of Cuernavaca, choosing the city as City Hall by the marquisate, sole dominion granted to the New Stage in the sixteenth century. At the time of the conquest of the palace of Cortés there was a city of the Tlahuicas, which gathered a regular army that could not be submitted by the Spanish conquerors, since a long Canyon, known as Amanalco Canyon, blocked the path from the city of Mexico to the city. Huge fig trees, which served as a natural bridge to the invasion of the city of Tlahuica, were cut in place currently called district of Amatitlán. The large fig trees in the area gave the city the name of Amatitlán. Later the construction of the palace of Cortés began with constructions of the city of Tlahuica. Pyramids can be currently found underneath the city.
The municipality of Cuernavaca is located in the Northwest area of the State of Morelos and has a territorial extension of 151 square kilometers. The city is bordered on the North by the municipality of Huitzilac, to the East with the municipality of Tepoztlán and the municipality of Jiutepec, South-East with the municipality of Emiliano Zapata, to the South with the municipality of Temixco, Miacatlan municipality to the Southwest; to the West with the State of Mexico, particularly with the Township of Ocuilan.
The average annual temperature is 21.5 ° C. The hottest months are April and May with temperatures that reach up to 34 ° C during the warmer days. The coldest months are December and January with temperatures below10 ° C at night and early morning.
Cuernavaca economy is mainly based on the cement, paper, tobacco and soft drinks industries in addition to sugar mills and the cultivation of maize. The commercial activity carried out thanks to tourism is another of the major contributors to the economy of the city. Numerous houses characterize its landscape, since this town is the favorite place of the residents of the nation's capital for its proximity and nature.
The gastronomy of the city of Cuernavaca has a unique variety of dishes resulting from the combination of pre-Hispanic ingredients and European flavors. Some of the dishes that you can't miss while visiting this beautiful place are as followed:
White pozole: Corn and pork based broth, seasoned with oregano, ground piquin chili, a few drops of lemon and chopped onion. Served with lettuce, radishes and corn chips to accompany. Clemole: Chicken or beef pieces accompanied by green beans, corn, zucchini and an exquisite sauce based on chilies, garlic, pepper and onion slices.
Clemole: Chicken or beef pieces accompanied by green beans, corn, zucchini and an exquisite sauce based on chilies, garlic, pepper and onion slices.
Acorazado Taco: Red rice, stuffed peppers, and steak, breaded or wrapped in double tortilla. Huitzilac pulque: Made from the fermented juice of the maguey.
Huitzilac pulque: Made from the fermented juice of the maguey.
Tepache: Light drink made out of fermented fruits and corn.
Its tradition began in 1965 when he was called in Cuernavaca flower fair, held in Holy week and the following week. Currently held in the bicentennial sports unit, located in the old village of Acapantzingo presenting cultural events, such as ballet, people theatre, rides, exhibitions, as well as baking, dining rooms with typical dishes from the region, and of course the classic horse exhibitions.
Carnival of Cuernavaca
Cuernavaca Carnival is organized from the year 1965. Through out the city disguised dance groups are formed and the best-decorated house and store contests are held. Parades on streets of the city and dances are organized the Sunday and Tuesday of carnival. The most beautiful young lady is crowned queen and a young man as King.
Feast of San Isidro Labrador:
Celebrated each year on May 14 and 15. During the festivity the statue of San Isidro Labrador is taken to San Miguel to commemorate him. In the morning they sing las Mañanitas. During the day a parade with floats and the participation of members of the community takes place followed by mass in "Los Hules" (another Chapel of San Miguel). During the might night the traditional burning of the castle is undertaken outside the Church.
Feast of San Antonio:
Held annually on July 13 in the San Antonio district. There are Fireworks, dancing games, sale of Mexican appetizers among others attractions.
El Salvador Festival or feast of the Transfiguration:
Held every year on August 6 with Moors and Christians dances taking place. Feast of our Lady of miracles: Held annually in Tlaltenango on September 8 where dances and music are performed, in addition to a fair that attracts many visitors.
Sites of interest
Palace of Cortes
Built by Hernán Cortés in 1535. It is one of the oldest European-style civil buildings in the Americas, but it boosts in the Renaissance style. It can be seen in two perspectives: the first from the architectural point of view, which concentrates on the different stages of its construction in the 16th century. The other is its character of museum and cultural center since inside it preserves an important collection of paleontological, archaeological, historical and artistic assets that describe and illustrate the evolution of the State.
The Cathedral of Cuernavaca
It was built in the year 1537; it was the fifth building dedicated to the Catholic cult as a religious convent dedicated to the "Asunción of Maria". It is preserved as a convent until at the end of the 18th century when it was created the Diocese of Cuernavaca and on the absence of a church to establish its headquarters, was raised to the rank of Cathedral.
The Jardin Borda
I was built as a resting home by the taxqueno miner José de la Borda in which lived Maximilian of Habsburg and his wife Charlotte. The first mango trees of new Spain were planted in this enclosure. In 1991, the so-called "section Juarez", which is manages to recreate the ancient atmosphere of the building was remodeled. This section is the Museum of the place, which has furniture and 18th-century dresses, and copies of the Empire.
Robert Brady Museum
This museum contains a collection of paintings and decorative arts with more than 1,300 pieces from around the world including Mexican colonial furniture, pre-Hispanic figures along with art from Africa, the Americas, Oceania, among others. In a section of the Franciscan convent from the 16th century are the collections gathered by Robert Brady, born in Iowa and resident for some years in Venice before permanently moving to Cuernavaca in 1962.
Spire of Calvary
It was built in 1538 was named the "Spire" is a chapel covered by a dome or Spire, with a sculpture of the Virgin of Guadalupe in the Centre, but which were previously occupied by a cross, thus became known as the calvary.
Salto of San Anton
It is a huge ravine with a small waterfall of 36 meters, with water from a small river called Zempoala. The vertical walls of the ravine are basalt and the vegetation of sheet broadband grows in nooks and crannies of the stone. A staircase and platforms where built to allow tourists access to the area of the waterfall of the Park above.
It was built at the beginning of the century. The Museum is really small and features period furniture and display old photographs of the city in a pleasant atmosphere. It is to be noted that it does not have any iron or concrete reinforcement and was intertwined at the time of its construction.