Tripper Travel Guide

DISCOVER HUATULCO




The name Huatulco  comes from the word "Quahutolco", from the nahuatl, language spoken by the Aztecs. The Aztec  named the place when they invaded the region. "Quahutolco" means: "place where to worship the wood". When the Spaniards arrived to Huatulco, Hernán Cortés thought that it would serve as a good base to reach the East.

Santa María Huatulco, more commonly known as Huatulco, is a municipality in Oaxaca (Mexico) founded approximately 489 years ago and boasts a population of 33.194. On January 8, 2011 it held its 472 anniversary as a town.

The municipality of Santa María Huatulco is located approximately eight hours from the capital of the State. One of the cities with the largest population of the municipality is La Crucecita, which is part of the Bays of Huatulco tourism development. Every year thousands of tourists visit it. It has an international airport, the international airport of Bahias de Huatulco.

Climate

The predominant climate is warm with a temperature of 30° C average over the year, with cloudless sky or with scattered clouds, relative humidity 84% and with winds of 18 mph. The rainy and hurricane season is from May to November.

Natural attractions

Its main attraction is its 9 bays and 36 beaches:
• Conejos: has two beautiful beaches: Playa Conejos and Punta Arena.

• Tangolunda: in zapoteco means "pretty woman"; considered the main hotel zone of the municipality, it has an 18-hole golf course par 72, with beautiful view to the sea.

• Santa Cruz: has three beautiful beaches: La Entrega, Yerbabuena and Punta Santa Cruz; It is one of the most important local bays where you´ll find the dock or pier where all types of boats sail and a dock for cruise ships of international stature.

• Chahué: Zapotec means "fertile land" or "moist soil". Features a yacht marina.
• Maguey: this beach of approximately 500 meters long and 25 to 50 meters wide. Its visited frequently due to the tranquility of its warm crystal blue and green water.

• Organo: unspoilt beach of approximately 240 meters long and 20 meters wide; its slope is moderate, as well as its swells.
• Cacaluta: In zapotec it means "black bird" or cacalote; It receives year year different migratory birds.

• Chachacual: it is a great ecological reserve to the Huatulco National Park; It has two attractive unspoilt beaches: Chachacual and La India; to date the only road access is by sea.

• San Agustín: with approximately 1,500 meters long and 20 to 80 meters wide, has a coral reef white just a few meters offshore; It fetures two beaches: St. Augustine and Cacalutilla.

• Ecological park of Huatulco.
In this area dominated by wetlands, lagoons, estuaries and Islands formed by three bodies of water called Chacahua, Pastoria and Salinas, which host a variety of species of flora and fauna, mainly birds such as Canadian Pelican, as well as other 150 species of aquatic and terrestrial birds, recorded so far, that make their nests in some islands of the laguna Salinas. Wetlands and mangroves surround channels that connect these brackish lagoons of which the main of them are navigable throughout the year, and are used by nearby towns, such as Azufre, whose name is due to the chemical composition of the soil. The Park is of great importance for its sandy coastlines, since its beaches serve as sanctuaries for the spawning of sea turtles such as the loggerhead, hawksbill, leatherback and olive Ridley. In addition, the Park has an important hatchery of crocodiles.

Waterfalls of Copalita
The magical waterfalls of Copalita is located approximately 1 hour and a half of Huatulco and belongs to the community of San Miguel of the port which is distinguished by important coffee plantations as well as having an abundant flora and fauna that adorn the landscape of mystics and unique colors.

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES.

Tourism.

Tourism is one of the most important economic activities in the area, which is concentrated in three areas: Santa Cruz, La Crucecita and Tangolunda. Tourism development is made up of nine bays; (Santa Cruz, Chahué, Tangolunda, Conejos, Chacahual, Cacaluta, San Agustín, El Órgano y Maguey) and 36 beaches, as well as an ecological reserve where varies birds and reptiles nest.

Agriculture.
The cultivation of coffee is one of the main agriculture activities in the area of Santa Cruz.

Livestock.
Until a few years ago a market in the zone did not exists for the development of animal husbandry. However, the rapid growth of population has promoted the increasing demand of meat products, mainly cattle. The demand has led to the interest of a number of peasants to engage in the fattening of cattle for slaughter, despite of the destruction of soils and flora (coupled with the deterioration of the vegetation by the opening of areas intended for livestock with increased impact of pollution by erosion of soils on the part the PNH Marina) for this type of activity. T here is little experience in technology, given the traditional operating systems consisting on free grazing with very low investment and almost non-existent health and nutritional care.

Fishing.
The extractive activity of fishery resources is carried out both through fishing at sea, as well in rivers and lagoons, being the first activity for commercial purposes. Nearby fishing fields found in the region between Playa Grande and Copalita River are known as Micro Fisheries Management Region 5A Huatulco (fishing sub-delegation, 2000), primarily exploited by inhabitants of the towns of Coyula, El Arenal, Santa María Huatulco, San Agustín, Santa Cruz Huatulco y Copalita. 

Bays of Huatulco.
It has an average of 2,200 rooms in hotels, with classification of gran tourism, in addition to banks, beach restaurants, nightclubs and a park with outdoor coffee service.
The Crucecita.
The Center where many of the services to tourists and people are in general; the main square is surrounded by restaurants, boutiques and stores of crafts, where you can do an amusing tour in the evenings or at night.
Tangolunda.
It is the place where the 5 star and gran tourism hotel zones are located, 2 shopping centers and the majestic field of golf with 18 holes.

Sites and tourist activities

• Tourist Office
• Lighthouse
• Tangolunda Ranch
• The Crucecita
• Tour of the bays Park Eco-Archaeological Park Copalita
• Tour of the waterfalls of Copalita
• Golf course
• Pre-Hispanic Temazcal
• The Crucecita Church: The worlds largest our Lady of Guadalupe is embodied in its roof.
• Horseback riding
• Visit to the coffee farms
• Museum-Shop of Artesanías Oaxaqueñas

Historical monuments.

Account with the church dating back to the 18th century and built by Mr Valentín Cuevas in the year of 1908 which is dedicated to the Lord of mercy.  Especial for its manufacturing and safekeeping of a small cross made with a sliver of the original Holy Cross, a oil portrait of the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception, patroness of the town as well as adjoining campaigns.

Eco-tourism activities

• Observation of fauna and flora 
• Sea turtle watching
• Mountain biking
• ATV
• Rappelling
• Water sports: windsurfing, diving, rafting, snorkeling, jet skiing, sailing, kayak of sea among others.
• Surf (La Bocana Beach, Barra de la Cruz between Huatulco and Salina Cruz)
• Sport fishing
• Nightclubs
• Bars

Protected natural areas.
Brush Beach, is located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, between the towns of Puerto Escondido and San Pedro Pochutla. The beach that bears his name is characterized by receiving a large number of sea turtles (staffed) to spawn; establishing a turtle camp that has the same name of the population, belonging to the municipality of Santa María Tonameca, Oaxaca.

Transport.
In the Bay of Santa Cruz, there are two lines of public transport one of which is for internal transport and to other nearby towns. It has a large number of sites of taxis, of which the most important is Santa Cruz and La Crucecita, which offer transportation service to recreation centers and nearby towns. The means of transport for tourists arriving to the port on cruise ships is through buses and boats carrying them to their tourist destinations.

Events, parties and festivals
Feast in honor of the Holy Cross
Based on the legend, on the 3rd may is the Festival in honor of the Holy Cross, which was a wooden cross that was riveted on the beach from time before the conquest. A large number of regional dishes are prepared in this date. There is also music and a fair.

The Festival of the sea
The Fiesta del Mar, which is held during Holy week, with contests, dances, music and games which are an attraction for tourists. Vela Xunaxi, a party of the population of the isthmus of these lands where the best tehuana costume is awarded, is another important date.

Festival music for the Earth
For having done repeatedly, there are parties that have become tradition, such as the Music Festival throughout the land, seeking to raise funds and educate people about the importance of ecological care. Rock bands are part of this initiative through concerts and different activities, looking for an ecological balance.

Festival music of the sea
Followed by the sea Music Festival, which is celebrated with the aim of guiding tourists to different themes and tourist and cultural attractions. There is a significant amount of concerts, literature, dance, children’s events, visual arts, among others.

On 18 December held the maximum religious holiday, in honor to the Virgen de la Soledad. Music, sounding of bells, parties, las Mañanitas and Fireworks make it a unique celebration.