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DISCOVER PUEBLA



Puebla

Welcome to the "Angelópolis"

 

Heroic Puebla de Zaragoza, also known as Puebla de Zaragoza, Puebla de los Angeles and sometimes Angelópolis, is a Mexican metropolis, capital of the state of Puebla. According to figures from 2014, it is the fourth largest city in Mexico with 1,434,062 inhabitants and 3,010,560 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area. The city of Puebla is located on a plateau 2,000 meters above sea level in central and west-central Mexico of the state, in the geographical area known as the Valley of Puebla between Mexico City and Veracruz. The area where today is the city of Puebla, was known to the ancient inhabitants of Mexico as Cuetlaxcoapan which means "where snakes shed their skin". Puebla de Zaragoza is considered the fourth most important city in Mexico, after Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey. Puebla de Zaragoza has an outstanding industrial and commercial sector and even earning the 19th position of the most important commercial city in Latino America. Its main products made in Puebla, are textiles, ceramics, glassware, tiles and processed foods Tourists will be delighted by the cultural offerings of the city. UNESCO chose the city as a World Heritage Site for its large catalog of places and objects considered heritage culture and historical value. Its 5,000 historic barraco, renaissance and classical architecture styled buildings have made it the second city with most historical buildings and monuments in Latin America only after Cuzco, Peru. Puebla is also considered the "cradle of Mexican baroque", both in architecture and the decorative arts of the city.

 

History


The history of Puebla begins in 1530 when the President of the Second Audiencia of Mexico, Don Sebastian Fuenleal, commissioned Fray fanciscano and historian of New Spain Toribio de Benavente to go searching for a suitable site for the creation of a new city. Their mission began in the diocese in Tlaxcala south. In an area between San Francisco River and the Cerro de San Cristobal, according to legend, angels descended from heaven and told Bishop Julian Garces where I had to build the city. The first mission was built In the area marked in 1531, however, the rains and danger of the river flooding forced to relocate the city a year later the west of the river. Another reason that the foundation of the city is credited was the need to create a shorter route trade between Mexico City and Veracruz where marginalized Spaniards can sell their products. Shortly after on March 20 of 1532, the Spanish Crown granted the new city the title of City of Puebla de los Angeles and later in 1558 the title of Noble and Loyal City of Puebla de los Angeles. Then in 1561 it was named the Very Noble and Loyal City of Puebla de los Angeles. Perhaps one of the more distinctive dates in the history of Puebla is May 5, 1862 when Mexican forces led by General Ignacio Zaragoza, defeated the French army in battle during the French Intervention in the hills of Loreto and Guadalupe.

 

Weather


Puebla de Zaragoza has a subtropical climate regulated mainly by the altitude of the city. Usually, Puebla's climate is pleasant. It rarely gets hot in the city. The average maximum temperature is 25.2 ° C and the average minimum temperature is 9.3 ° C. The coolest months are from November to March. Puebla de Zaragoza annually receives 961 mm of rain being mainly during the rainy season between May and October.

 

Gastronomy


Puebla's cuisine is an exquisite blend of dishes of Puebla with touches of Spanish and French cuisine, internationally renowned for its variety and history. Its variety of fresh ingredients serves as the basis of its international recognition dishes. Some famous dishes of Puebla include Mole Poblano, Chiles in Walnut Sauce that worthily presented the national independence with its green and red, white colors. For snacks you´ll find chalupas, cemitas, tortas, tamales. Some of the most recommended restaurants in Puebla include: Casa de los Muñecos, Casareyna, El Sindicato, Entre Tierras, Fonda de Santa Clara, La Guadalupana, Mesón Sacristia de la Compañia, Mi Ciudad among many other options perfectly located in the center of Puebla.

 

 

Places of interest

Puebla Cathedral

It is also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception and current headquarters of the Episcopal Archdiocese of Puebla. The cathedral was started to build in 1575 and finally consecrated by Bishop Juan de Palafox y Mendoza on April 18 of 1649. Puebla Cathedral, of Herrera style, boasts to be one of the most important properties of the largest historical center of Puebla.

 




Artist Quarter

Old square remodeled in 1940 retaining its colonial style. The story goes that the brothers and former teachers of the Old Academy of Fine Arts, Joseph and Angel Figueroa Márquez were the people responsible for promoting the arts in this place by teaching painting outdoors. The teachers wanted a place where the students could express themselves through art and that the city will have its own bohemian district in the area where they study. Today in the Artist Quarter you´ll find numerous plastic, paintings and sculptures workshops, exhibitions and art for sale.


 

 

Palafox Library (former College of San Joaquin)

Bibliographic center located in the historic center of the city of Puebla, founded by Bishop Juan de Palafox y Mendoza in 1646. The Palafox Library is considered the richest in scriptures in all forms of Spanish America, currently sheltering 42.556 books, 5,354 manuscripts and valuable furniture. Inside the library are spaces for temporary exhibitions and areas for workshops and educational courses for children and youth.

 

 


Rosario Chapel

John Paul II named it The Reliquary of America when se said it during his first visit to Mexico in 1979. The Chapel of the Rosary is a stunning architectural jewel located inside the Temple of Santo Domingo. The chapel stands the image of the Virgen del Rosario surrounded by angels, saints and crosses. At the top of the walls of the chapel you can observe work of the painter Jose Rodriguez Carnero, with topics related to the Joys of the Virgin. Considered one of the masterpieces of novohispanicso barraco in Mexico and considered the "eighth wonder of the world" in its time.

 


 

House Brothers Serdan (Museum of the Revolution)

Old house of the Serdán Alatriste family turned museum. Place where the cries of the beginning of the Mexican revolution were heard on 18 November 1910. During the antirreeleccionista movement led by Francisco I. Madero against Porfirio Diaz, the house of the brothers was used as the base for the armed uprising planned for November 20. After being discovered on November 18, police and federal troops went to the house of the Serdan brothers to crush the revolution. Aquiles and Maximo Serdan and 13 of his collaborators were killed in the clash. The women of the house were arrested, but not before Carmen Serdan, older sister of Achilles, climbed to the roof of the house to encourage residents to join the fight. Currently, the building houses the Museum of the Revolution showcases various objects, furniture and recreations of artwork and bronze sculptures of the Serdan brothers: Carmen, Aquiles and Maximo names and portraits of the protagonists of the uprising

 


Dean's House

Oldest house of Dean of the Cathedral of Puebla, Don Tomás de la Plaza Goes, built as a residence in 1580 by the architect Francisco de Becerra, same that participated in the construction of the Cathedral. Today you can see original Renaissance facade and two rooms whose walls show ancient murals, which were discovered in 1953. Puebla Cathedral Architectural treasure and most representative monument in the Historic Center of the city of Puebla whose Herrera style towers can be seen on the horizon at 73.93 meters high, considered among the highest in the country. Inside visitors can find fourteen chapels, artwork, three pipe organs, one of which is 400 years old, and paintings by painters Cristobal de Villalpando and Pedro Garcia Ferrer. Its altar is one of the masterpieces of Mexico. Its new design was done by architect Manuel Tolsa to replace the old baroque design.

 

 

Star of Puebla

Biggest wheel of fortune in Latin America and Guinness World Record winner with its 80 meters high, 750 tons and 54 cars. La Star of Puebla is located in the Angelópolis in the linear park. In its surroundings, visitors will find benches, fountains, artificial lake, two restaurants, gardens, a high-walk and jogging track.

 




Ex Hacienda de Chautla

Charming nineteenth century castle located in the center of an artificial lake surrounded by gardens, wooded trails, a chapel and a museum explaining how the property operates and showcases many original pieces, including the stunning kitchen Talavera. Built on a site that King Carlos III of Spain gave to Manuel Rodriguez Lopez Pinillos and Montere on 17 November 1777. At the site visitors have the option to spend a relaxing day, go fishing, take a walk through the springs, staying in cabins or camping.



 

Imagine Interactive

Museum Family interactive space where children can learn and explore science and technology while having fun. The museum encourages children to participate and experience in their workshops and activities that take place in the museum. General admission $50 pesos.

 





Antiques Market

Within the Plazuela de los Sapos visitors will find the popular antique market located between colonial houses, restaurants and bars. Enjoy the colorful view of the square from a balcony. The weekend flea market fills with innovative craftsmanship while the night is filled with mariachi music and other sets of live music.

 





Parian Market

Parian market, located in the Historic Center of Puebla, you can find a variety of crafts such as onyx pieces, miniatures, glass, clay, fabrics and embroidery, wooden toys, mole, sweets, etc. Architect Antonio Santamaria Icháurregui built the market between 1796 and 1810. Open daily from 10:00 to 22:00 hours.

 





Amparo Museum

Located in the old hospital of San Juan de Letran, erected in 1538, in the Historic Center of Puebla. Its rooms have more than 1,700 archaeological pieces, in addition to 1,300 works of colonial art of the nineteenth and twentieth century. The museum also has a cultural center with large temporary exhibition areas where they carry out national and international art exhibitions. General admission $35 pesos, free on Mondays.

 





Museo Bello y Gonzalez

Religious art museum founded in 1944 on the initiative of Jose Luis Bello y Gonzalez and his son José Mariano Bello and Acedo. The museum houses a collection of 3028 pieces of America, Europe and Asia of most prestigious in Mexico. Visitors will transport to the colonial era throughout 15 showrooms where you can admire period furniture, ceramics, paintings, pieces of Talavera, lacquers, ivories, fittings, crystal, fine china and religious ornaments stands.

 





Loreto and Fort Guadalupe

Pair of old military nineteenth century forts converted museums located on the hill of Acueyametepec. Loreto and Fort Guadalupe served as the setting for the historic Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862 during the French intervention in Mexico, where the Mexican army defeated the French. Today visitors can explore the forts and know in detail the events of that memorable and celebrated day.

 





City Hall

Striking architecture building neoclassical Porfiriana design dating from the early twentieth century. Since the founding of the city in 1531, the building was preordained to Town Hall or City Hall. Over the years the palace underwent several changes. In 1704 it was demolished and rebuilt with a graceful arches on two levels. After 1897, the palace was partially demolished and redesigned Elizabethan English by the English architect Charles TS Hall. This last remodeling concluded the 5th of January of 1901. It highlights the elegant courtyard of double arcade, white Carrara marble stairway, stained glass emblematic of the city, eighteenth century clock and beautiful rooms, the most important is the Board of Councils of Renaissance style, with paintings by artist Herrera Gutierrez. On the façade you can see a replica of the "Esquilón San Jose" (Bell of Dolores), gift of the then President of the Republic, Lic. Adolfo Lopez Mateos, which is sounded every September 15 during the ceremony of the “Grito de Independencia “.

 



Puebla Planetarium

Travel to the remotest regions of space and galaxies in the Planetarium of Puebla located atop Acueyametepec hill. Its Omni max Dom uses the latest IMAX technology to project representations of greater size and quality. The 23 meters projection dome is the largest in Mexico. The planetarium also has a digital projector Stars (Christie 4K), the first of its kind in Mexico. 4K resolution, double Full HD, with a light intensity of 35,000 lumens, so you will not miss any detail. The little ones will spend a pleasant time with interactive games and workshops about robotics, chemistry, biology among others themes available to the public. General admission $60 pesos.

 




Cacaxtla ruins

Site founded by the Olmec culture-Xicalanca between 100-1100 AD. Historians suggest that the Olmec-Xicalanca was a rich civilization, evident by the huge Cacaxtla platform and ostentatious decor. Its size and importance is credited to its strategic location in other to control the passage of the trade route between Teotihuacan and the lowlands of the Gulf through which lead to Tabasco and Campeche. The archaeological site of Cacaxtla-Xochitécatl is located in the town of San Miguel del Milagro, about 19 km southwest of the capital, in the municipality of Nativitas. General admission $55 pesos.

 



Main Theater

Oldest theater Space in Mexico inaugurated in 1761. I got several functions throughout its history. Its first it served as "Comedy Corral" then as "The Old Coliseum" and finally "The Main Theater". During the War of Independence it served artillery warehouse. Its design was based at the old Theater of Mexico City and has capacity for 1,600 people. Today the Main Theater is a space for theater, opera, music, dance, variety, festivals, children's shows, conferences, meetings and reports of government.

 


Xochitecatl

Archaeological site located in the municipality of Natívitas, 13km southwest of Tlaxcala de Xicohtencat and 27km northwest of downtown Puebla de Zaragoza. Xochitecatl is the most important and oldest archaeological site in the Puebla-Tlaxcala Valley. In its time it served as the most important ceremony center and town and city between 300 BC and 900 AD. The archaeological site is composed of four main buildings: Spiral Building, Volcanoes Pedestal, Flower Pyramid and the Serpent Building.

 


Cholula Archaeological Zone

It is the largest pyramid in the world with a base of 430 by 460 meters and a height of 60 meters built in the first century AC. His name in Nahuatl means "hill made by hand" because of its size that resulted from building seven pyramids superimposed completely over the previous. For their research, it was necessary dig about 8 km tunnel to observe different stages of construction. The Great Pyramid found on the archaeological site was built in honor of the god Chiconquiahuitl (rain) that was revered by the Olmeca-Xicalanca culture until 1300 AD. General admission $ 46 pesos.

 


Archaeological Site San Cristobal Tepatlaxco

Archaeological site located at the foot of Totoquema Hill 35 km northwest of Puebla de Zaragoza, which was used as a ceremonial center between 300 BC and 600 AD by the Olmec. Its pre-Hispanic name, Tepatlaxco in Nahuatl means "in the palace ball game. " Visitors will find of 2.5 to 9 meters pyramids on the site.