San Luis Potosi is considered one of the most important states that make up Mexico. Their main economic activity in the beginning was the mining of gold and silver, but today agriculture predominates over the commercial and industrial.
San Luis Potosí offers its visitors a wide range of entertainment options y place to visit during their stay like plazas, museums, restaurants, hotels and artistic y cultural events. Religious monuments represent the best in the Baroque style while their houses and palaces feature a neoclassical architecture mingling with the modern.
The state of San Luis Potosi was born as a simple mining town at the time of the New Spain.When gold and silver deposits were discovered in the city, the miners gathered to populate the area where now the city of San Luis Potosi is located. The area was named "San Luis Rey" in honor of Luis IX of France, and "Potosi" because it was compared to the rich silver mines in Bolivia.
In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Franciscans, Augustinians, and Jesuits settled and began to build churches and buildings, many of which are still standing and have become universities and museums.In 1821 general Jose Antonio Echavarri intimidated the mayor and the council to the surrender of the city of San Luis to the Army of the Tres Garantías of Iturbide. They subjected their demand, as there was no way to resist, and by doing so; proclaiming the independence of San Luis Potosi.
In 1824 the Constitution put San Luis Potosi in the category of Free and Sovereign State and October 17, 1826 the first Constitution of the State of San Luis Potosi was issued.During the years of 1846 and 1847 the state of San Luis participated in the American invasion. The city was called "San Luis de la Patria" for having contributed many leaders and elements.
In 1863 during the War of Reform, the participation Potosi state was very prominent, and during the French Intervention President Benito Juarez declared the city of San Luis Potosi capital of Mexico.In late 1866 the city was in the hands of the imperialists, the same year that the telegraph line between San Luis Potosi and Mexico City was inaugurated.In October 1888 the railway between Mexico and Laredo, passing through the city, was opened.
In June 1889, the railway from San Luis to Aguascalientes was inaugurated and on April of 1890 the first train departed the city of San Luis in direction toward the port of Tampico.In 1901 originated an opposition to the government of Porfirio Diaz in San Luis Potosi, which was manifested in the Mexican Liberal Congresses held in that year and the next. Some of its participants were Camilo Arriaga, Ricardo Flores Magon Antonio Diaz Soto y Gama, Librado Rivera among others.
The state of San Luis Potosi is located in the central Mexican plateau. Borders to the north with the state of Coahuila, northeast with Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, Veracruz to the east, Hidalgo, Queretaro and Guanajuato to the south, Jalisco to the southwest and Zacatecas to the west.
The economy of the inhabitants of San Luis Potosi concentrates mainly in the manufacturing industry of household appliances, auto parts, cement, and dairy products among others. Followed by agriculture in cultivating: green alfalfa, peanuts, sugarcane, papaya, onion, corn, beans, etc. In the mining industry gold, silver, zinc and lead is extracted. In the livestock industry, pigs sheeps, goats are breed. Lastly, another important economic sector in San Luis Potosi is trade and services such as communications, education, electricity, hospitals, transport and tourism.
The Potosina gastronomy is one of the best in Mexico. Among the typical dishes you have to during your visit to this beautiful city include:
It is a giant tamale that can measure up to two meters made with corn dough with chili stuffing can be pork or chicken, chili or piquín Chinese wrapped in banana leaves.
Stew prepared with chili bits with added pork, served with white rice.
Its kind of taco stuffed with meat and dipped in chili sauce, served with avocado and beans.
It is made from barrel cactus flower. You can eat it raw, cooked or pickled.
Intoxicant typical red tuna juice and ground cinnamon.
Made from the fruit of the cactus.
The average annual temperature in San Luis Potosi is 16.8 ° C. The temperature is warm during spring and summer months between March and October with a maximum temperatures of 35 ° C and cold temperatures during the winter between the months of November to February with a minimum temperature of 7 ° C.
The climate varies in San Luis Potosi; in the south the climate is semi-dry temperate, in the north is dry semi warm and the downtown area is a very dry climate.
Places of interest
The origin of the cathedral dates from the sixteenth century. It is considered the most important symbol and beautiful monument in San Luis Potosi. While visiting, tourists can see the windows and images of the Apostles in Carrara marble, its colonial paintings and Solomonic and neoclassical facade of Baroque style.
It was one of the first buildings constructed in the city that makes it a beautiful experience to see it.
This lagoon is considered one of the most important natural wonders in San Luis Potosi due to the hot water that spouts from its depths with temperatures between 27 ° and 32 ° C during the year and depths ranging from 1-36 meters. In this paradise visitors do activities like scuba diving, swimming, mountain biking and snorkeling. This place has area to camp and cabins to stay.
Santa Maria del Rio:
Village located 35 minutes from the city of San Luis Potosi. This place is famous its production of shawls where visitors can appreciate the variety of these and of course also witness the process of making this craft garment and buy souvenirs during their visit.
The origin of this beautiful square dates back to 1948, making it one of the most historical and most visited places in the city. The Plaza de Armas is located next to the Cathedral, City Hall and the State Congress; where you can take a walking tour admiring its colonial baroque style.
National Museum of the Mask:
The origin of this building dates from the nineteenth century, this museum has an important anthropological show with a simple set of masks from almost every corner of the world, mainly from India with a collection of about 1300 pieces. Its mission is to promote and disseminate Mexican masks as a cultural product that seeks to present their traditions throughout the world.
The origin of this museum dates from 1900. It is a large house remodeled in which concerts and craft workshops take place for the purpose of rescuing, disseminate and promote their culture through their customs and traditions of the city.
Travel 7 Areas:
The seven neighborhoods were divided with the objective to have harmony among its inhabitants without mixing social classes, which contributed that each neighborhood create its own traditions; these seven areas are:
-San Cristobal del Montecillo
-San Juan de Guadalupe
Plaza de Aranzazu:
This square is one of the most beautiful of the town as it is currently a space where diverse cultural activities are held. It highlights the original arches of the stables of the old Convent of San Francisco, the bay windows of the chapel and its beautiful domes
Real del Catorce:
This is a ghost town located three hours from San Luis Potosi, currently only dedicated to tourism. Here visitors can admire breathtaking landscapes that retain vestiges of the silversmith who lived more than 100 years ago as well take walks in the bullring, the chapel of Guadalupe and the rooster exhibition.
This particular village is located in the Sierra Madre Oriental; its name comes from the Nahuatl language meaning "place of snails". Here you can visit natural areas like the Hoya of Huahuas where a wide variety of animals inhabit, The Cave Salitre, the Casa de los Comales, the former Convent of the Augustinians and the Museum of Edward James. You can also try their rich coffee and learn about their brown sugar production.
Fiesta del Cristo de Matehuala:
Celebrated every year on January 6. Exhibition are held as well as processions, religious ceremonies and a large business celebration during the week.
Saint Joseph Day:
It is celebrated on March 18, this festival lasts two days in with processions, religious ceremonies, fireworks and popular dances.
Day of St. Augustine:
Takes place every year on August 27. At this beautiful place hundreds of pilgrims arrive with offerings to worship their saint during the two-day celebration with regional dances and religious ceremonies.
Day of St. Michael the Archangel:
Celebrated annually the 28th y 29th of September. The feast of this saint attracts faithful’s from across the region. Mass and husteca dances are held during the two days of celebration.
Day of St. Francis of Assisi:
Celebrated annually on October 3, visitors arrive to this place and participate in their festivals and pilgrimages in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi.
Santa Catalina Day:
Celebrated every year on the 24th of November. The two-day celebration of Santa Catalina features activities like traditional dances among which highlight the machete dance, vulture dance among others.