The Spanish Francisco de Montejo and Leon “the Mozo” founded the city of Merida on January 6, 1542.
The city was built on the ruins of the Mayan population Ichkaansihó, which in Maya means "five hills", also known as T'Hó, and abandoned with the arrival of the Spanish in the sixteenth century.
The city was called by that name by the Merida of Spain, place of origin of some of the conquistadors, precisely because the buildings found in the Maya abandoned city made them remember of the Roman ruins of Emerita Augusta, modern day Merida in Extremadura, Spain.
Most colonial architecture in the center of the city corresponds to the seventeenth and eighteenth. During this period, in order to protect the city from indigenous uprisings a wall plan was proposed, but only the wall surrounding the city with its arcs where built. Currently only the arches of the District of San Juan and the arches of Dragons and the Bridge in the Barrio de la Mejorada remain.
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century there was a process of "Frenchness" of urban architecture that was reflected in the old houses built at that time in the Paseo de Montejo many of which still exist. The years of green gold of the henequen boom of the late nineteenth century was a time of economical affluence to Merida.
The richness of that time allowed the city to have electric lighting and trolley before many other cities in Mexico. In the early twentieth century Merida had a large number of wealthy families that contrasted with widespread poverty among the indigenous population.
Merida is located in the northwestern part of Yucatan state, bounded on the north by the municipality of Progreso, west with the municipality of Ucú and the town of Uman, south to the town of Abala, south-east with the municipality of Timucuy to the east with the municipality of Kanasín, Tixpéhual municipality and the municipality of Tixkokob, and northeast with the municipality of Yaxkukul, municipality of Conkal and the municipality of Chicxulub Pueblo.
The annual average temperature is 26 ° C being this hot and humid city. In the spring and summer months are warmer, the temperature can reach 40° C. During the fall and winter the weather is cooler without being cold, the temperature can drop to 17 ° C.
They may have light to heavy rains throughout the year but in the period from August to October rainfall is more common.
Merida's cuisine is basically derived from the Hispanic culture and the culture. It consists of traditional dishes with ingredients such as chicken, pork, achiote, beans. Some of the most popular dishes are as follow:
Poc Chuc: Made from roasted pork, marinated with warm water and salt, accompanied by roasted onion and X'nipec sauce.
Panucho: Made with fried corn tortilla stuffed with beans with roasted chicken, red onion, avocado and traditional habanero sauce.
Pibil Pork: Made of marinated pork in achiote, sour orange juice, garlic, salt and pepper, wrapped in banana leaves and baked under the earth.
Papadzules: Egg tacos covered with a paste of ground pumpkin seeds accompanied by tomato and onion sauce.
Cheese filling: Made of Dutch cheese, filling a hash of ground beef with almonds, raisins, olives, capers bathed in a white and red sauce.
Tzic deer: Made of cooked and shredded venison with tomatoes, radishes, cilantro and chopped onion, sour orange juice, spiced with habanero chile and salt to taste.
Lime soup: broth is a hint of citrus from lime, accompanied by chicken, tomato, bell pepper, cilantro, tortilla chips.
Currently the city of Merida has a very diverse economy. Having been displaced long ago, agriculture was the main activity of the municipality until the early twentieth century. The service sector: trade, tourism and many other services currently represent the most important segment of productive activity of the municipality, followed by the industrial sector.
All cities have their typical dress that makes difference from others in this case Mérida has one of the most beautiful and colorful costumes.
The men's suit fabric is linen or cotton, white or khaki pants and shirt being the same color. To protect the cold used a blanket or poncho, woven with sheep wool and a Cogoyo hat for protection from the sun.
The suit female consists of two parts, sack and petticoats, initially of one solid color. Over time new fashions were imposed when they began to import fabrics from other regions of the world that were stamped with pits or circles. To protect against the cold; a handkerchief would be used on the head covered with a hat.
Carnaval of Merida:
You are in one of the most colorful celebrations in the state of Yucatan celebrated in late January until the second week of February where its inhabitants are dressed in the traditional clothing of the city; also parades, costumes and an atmosphere full of happiness with music everywhere are performed.
It held from July 24 to August 2, taking place in the town of Diztya. During the fair visitors can: buy directly from the craftsman, traditional clothing, ornaments in wood or stone carvings, try their delicious cuisine with regional food and listen to live music in the evenings.
Held every year in October, a walk of souls in which hundreds of people dress up as the walking dead and undertake a tour of the cemetery until you reach the Ermita de Santa Isabel; along the way representations of altars of various city departments and neighborhoods, schools among others involved in the celebration.
Feria Yucatán Xmatkuil
Held annually from 7 to November 30, boasts exhibitions of produces from Yucatan and also bullfights, music events, arena, livestock shows and of course rides.
Izamal is also known as "City of Three Cultures" located about an hour from the city of Merida. During your visit you will find traces of its pre-Hispanic past, the colonial period and modern times.
The origin of this village dates from the mid-sixteenth century on the ruins of an ancient Mayan city; its most important building, the convent complex of Our Lady of Izamal, was built on the ruins of a Mayan shrine called Pap-Hol-Chac.
You can tour the town along the cobblestone, stone and asphalt streets, visit the archaeological site, the Temple is the Immaculate Conception and the former Convent of San Antonia de Padua; in addition to sampling its tasty food ranging from typical beans pigs, chaya with egg, hen, stuffed cheese, panucho, roasted pork, papadzules, among many others.
Valladolid is also known as "The Capital of the Mayan east" and it really is a fair title for its colonial buildings, since it was the destination of various indigenous revolts one of them was the Caste War. This place stands out on the tourist map for its interesting neighborhoods and stately temples.
In this town you can find the Convent of San Bernardino of Siena, the Church of San Gervasio, City Hall, the Museum of San Roque and former loom Aurora, walks in places like Ek-Balam, Chichen Itza, Tulum. In addition to tasting its rich cuisine featuring dishes like grilled sausage, roasted suckling pig, eastern marinated loins. Accompany dinner with a fine liqueur like the xtabentun, tasty drink of honey and anise.
Places of interest
Regional Museum of Anthropology Yucatan / Canton Palace
It was opened in December 1959 is a colonial architecture, classical, neoclassical and French Baroque details. It was built in the late Porfiriato by General Francisco Canton, governor of Yucatan, who inhabited it until his death.
It exhibits Mayan culture aspects: the first settlers, worldview, trade relations, the establishment to state, among others.
Grand Museum of the Mayan World
It was inaugurated on December 21, 2012, dedicated to the historical and present culture. Accounts with permanent and temporary exhibitions rooms, with children's area, terrace and garden. In this museum you will learn about the history of the city, its traditions, customs, ethnologies, among many other things.
Fernando Garcia Ponce Museum Macay
It was intended initially as Archbishop's Palace, it aims to promote awareness and knowledge of national and international modern and contemporary art as it seeks to expose and document the artistic expressions produced from the twentieth century. It has 15 temporary exhibition halls in which it conducts around 45 samples per year, 2 galleries and 3 permanent rooms.
It is a prestigious place of commerce in recent years with a mix of culture and fun in the same street and can be in different places every night and day. The mansions inhabited by families of ancestry in the nineteenth century, became restaurants, hotels, shops, museums, and other businesses.
It was built between 1542 and 1549 by order of Don Francisco de Montejo, who was the conqueror of the Yucatan Peninsula and was intended to be used as a family residence. Today the building is the Casa de Cultura Banamex and the Casa Montejo Museum, where you will find four permanent galleries displaying objects and furniture of the nineteenth century and three temporary rooms.
Archaeological site of Chichen Itza
Its name means "Mouth of the well of water witches", this archaeological site is the most important and renowned relic of the Mayan civilization. The main buildings that remain there correspond to the time of the culture known to archaeologists as the post-classic period.