Zacatecas is one of the most beautiful cities that make up Mexico, and is one of the most attractive places to visit. It offers a wide variety of places for the traveler to have a fascinating experience in a place of traditional hospitality to visitors. Zacatecas has 58 municipalities and its main economic activities are mining, agriculture and tourism. It is also known for its large deposits of silver and other minerals and for its colonial architecture.
In this place, like in most of the country, uprisings and battles were raised in order to gain independence from Spain, one of which was the Taking of Zacatecas in 1811. When it was known of the capture of the insurgent commanders in Acatita of Baján, Lopez Rayon fled from Coahuila on March 26 toward Zacatecas followed by the chief realistic Jose Manuel Ochoa, with whom he fought the Battle of the Port of Pinions, defeating Ochoa and obtaining weapons. After several battles, Lopez Rayon took Zacatecas on April 15; there he manufactured gunpowder and artillery.
A featured character form Zacatecas during the period of independence was José María Cos who participated in the war of independence of Mexico almost since the beginning. He is credited with having prevented Zacatecas from being devastated by the violence of war and facilitates their incorporation as sympathetic to the insurgents cause with the minimum bloodshed. When established the Congress of Chilpancingo, Cos participated as a deputy for the province of Zacatecas. He participated in drafting the Constitution of Apatzingan, first law that governed the government of the nascent Mexican Republic.
The last mayor of the Province of Zacatecas was Colonel Manuel Orive and Novales, being in power until October 18, 1823, same date that the county council declared "Land of the Free State and Zacatecas" naming and a new legislative body that appointed the first interim and provisional governor Colonel Juan Peredo who took office on the same October 18, 1823.
Zacatecas is located in the north central region of Mexico. 175 km northwest from San Luis Potosi, 100 km north of Aguascalientes city, 250 km southeast of the city of Durango at 2,496 meters above sea level. Its territory occupies three physiographic regions of Mexico: The Sierra Madre Oriental, the Central Bureau and the Sierra Madre Occidental.
The state average rainfall is 510 mm per year, the rainfall occurs in summer in the months of June to September. The average annual temperature is 17 ° C, the average maximum temperature is around 30 ° C and comes in the month of May, the average minimum temperature is 3 ° C and comes in January.
Zacatecas parties have very special characteristics and nuances. Some festivities that take place en Zacatecas include:
-The Zacatecas Cultural Festival that is held during Holy Week and Easter.
-The International Folklore held during the month of July.
-The traditional Morismas de Bracho held in the last week of August.
-The Zacatecas National Fair held in the first 2 weeks of September.
-International Street Theatre Festival held in the third week of October, this presents theater companies from Mexico and abroad that offer functions in squares, museums and others.
The typical dress of the woman Zacatecas is a red cloth skirt; line "A" line in the front, with a plank back. At the bottom of the skirt is a band with embroidered flowers. On the skirt protrudes a white lace background. The blouse, white and of French brocade, has a high neck, colonial type; lace sleeves, except the elbow to the tap, buttons and fitted to the waist where it falls a pleated skirt of the same fabric.
The typical clothes of the Zacatecas man is a beige trousers (can be other colors), white turtleneck shirt with embroidery on the chest and cuffs finished in Olan. It is accompanied by a three quarter sleeve red jacket, opened and adorned with buttons.
The state of Zacatecas has a wide and varied range of very famous gastronomic dishes, is a cuisine rich in flavors and aromas are mainly based on products such as meat, corn, chili, tomatoes, fruits and beans.
Among its main dishes include:
-Stew filled Gorditas
Places of interest
Palacio de la Mala Noche:
It was so named because the owner made his fortune in a mine called Mala Noche, during the eighteenth century. Became the seat of the state during the independence movement in legislature, but since 1985 is the Palace of Justice.
Cathedral of Zacatecas:
It is a valuable representation of Mexican Churrigueresque architecture built by miners during the seventeenth century and is undoubtedly the most representative religious structure in the city acquiring the title of cathedral in 1862. The property is styled in the typical pink stone of the area and its main facade has three bodies supported by a trio of columns with a cross.
In the 1800s lived one of the most influential families of the colonial Zacatecas and from 1831; the palace is the seat of executive power of the state of Zacatecas.
House of Mint:
Founded in 1810, due to the shortage of coins in the empire, the role of the Mint of Zacatecas was held when Count of Santiago de la Laguna was interim mayor, at the request of the local miners.
Mines of Eden:
In this city you can visit the mine and go through tunnels and galleries, go in a train through the tunnel Hope or walk the tunnel El Grillo. Inside you will also find a museum that exhibits rocks and minerals from all over the world.
This city has 24 museums that the visitors visit every year, some of them are:
Pedro Coronel Museum:
It is located in the former Jesuit college of San Luis Gonzaga, it contains Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Indian, Chinese, Japanese, Mayan, Aztec and African art as well as paintings by great artists.
Rafael Coronel Museum:
It is located in the former Franciscan convent of the XVI century; it has the largest collection of masks worldwide of the famous puppet company called Rosette Aranda.
Abstract Art Museum Manuel Felguérez:
It is located in nineteenth-century building that once housed the Theological Seminary of the Immaculate. This institution has a large body with the creature’s artwork that gave the museum its name, but also has countless great works of other contemporary Mexican authors like the Coronel brothers, Juan Nava German, among others.