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DISCOVER PANAMA



 

Panama is the capital of the Republic of Panama, in the province of Panama and head of the homonymous district. It is the largest and most populous city in the country, officially reaching 880 691 inhabitants within their municipio7 and 1,446,792 people in its metropolitan area, which includes several jurisdictions as the city-district of San Miguelito. It is located on the Gulf of Panama in the Pacific Ocean, east of the mouth of the Panama Canal.

Founded on August 15, 1519 by Pedrarias Dávila hamlet near a cave they called Panama currently occupies an area of ​​2561 km2. As the capital of the republic, it houses the headquarters of the national government, together with other government institutions and a large number of embassies and consulates accredited. It is connected through the port of Balboa, the Tocumen International Airport, the Pan American Highway and Trans-Isthmian Highway (highway Panama - Colón), 78.9 km linking the city with the coast of the Caribbean Sea.

In the course of its history spanning five centuries, influenced society, culture, literature, art, architecture, religion and dress of the centuries.

The city is the main cultural and economic center of the country, has an intense financial activity and an international banking center currently holds the 2nd place in the 2013 version of the classification of Competitive Cities in Latin America. The Panama Canal and tourism are also significant sources of income for the economy of the city, which has a tropical climate, with attractive parks and other attractions. Its cultural and gastronomic offer made was chosen as American Capital of Culture in the year. It occupies the position no. 93 world and the 3rd in the region, in cities with better quality of life in 2010.

History

The city was founded on August 15, 1519 with a population of 100 inhabitants by Pedro Arias Dávila, with the name of Our Lady of the Assumption of Panama, becoming the first permanent European city in the American Pacific Ocean and was replacement former towns of Santa María la Antigua del Darién and Acla on the Isthmus of Panama. A recurring theme in the history of the city was the ebb and flow of international trade through the Isthmus. Two years later, on September 15, 1521, received by Royal Decree the title of town and a coat of arms conferred by Carlos V and his time, a council was established. Shortly after its foundation, the city became the starting point for the exploration and conquest of Peru and a transit point for shipments of gold and silver were sent to Spain. In 1539 and in March 1563 saw major fires that devastated parts of the city, however this did not stop its progress. As early as 1610, there were at least 5,000 people, about 500 houses and several monasteries and chapels, a hospital and the Cathedral dedicated to the Virgin of the Assumption; making it one of the most important cities in Spanish America.

At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the city is threatened by pirates and privateers, coupled with the constant threat of Indians from Darien. The May 2, 1620 the city suffered an earthquake of which there were several casualties and structural damage. The February 21, 1644 occurs the Great Fire, which was sparked and burned 83 houses and several religious buildings, including the Cathedral, having then a population of 8,000 inhabitants. For the year 1670, the population had a significant increase of 15,000. The January 28, 1671, Henry Morgan, a British pirate, with a band of 1400 men attacked and looted the city with substantial resistance. They were unable to fully loot because the Captain General of the mainland, Juan Perez de Guzman ordered tanks explode gunpowder city and this caused a huge fire that destroyed almost completely. The pirates chased and plundered the inhabitants of the ancient city that had fled with their belongings and valuables, and yet, they could obtain enough wealth, enough to carry 195 mules, and withdrew from the ruins 24 February with several prisoners and slaves captured.

The ruins of the ancient city still remain and are a popular tourist attraction known as Panama la Vieja.

 


 

The city was rebuilt in 1673 by Antonio Fernandez de Cordoba 2 km southwest of the original city. This location now forms the old town.

By 1790 the city is back to have a population of 7,000. The so-called gold rush in California, en1848 brought an increase in travelers crossing the isthmus way to the west coast of North America. The year before the discovery of gold, the Panama Railway Company was founded but the railroad did not begin operations until 1855 year in which the city had a population of 12,000 inhabitants. Between 1848 and 1869, when the first transcontinental railroad was completed in the United States, almost 375,000 people crossed the isthmus from the Atlantic to the Pacific and 225,000 in the opposite direction. That traffic increased prosperity of the city during that period, because in 1885 the city had 25,000 inhabitants.

The construction of the Panama Canal was of great benefit to the city infrastructure. Improvements in health that brought the installation of Americans in the Canal Zone included the eradication of yellow fever and malaria as well as the introduction of the first water system. However, many of the workers for the construction of the Channel were brought from the Caribbean, causing racial and social tensions in the city.

 


 

During World War II, the construction of military bases and the presence of large numbers of US military and civilian personnel brought new levels of prosperity to the city. Over the years, however, the benefits of their presence in the canal area meant, from the perspective of Panamanians, an affront because, until the 1960s, Panamanians had limited access to various areas in the vicinity Canal. Many of these areas were accessible only to US military personnel areas.

In the late 1970s and during the 1980s, the city became a banking center. In 1989, after nearly a year of tension between the United States and Panama, George Bush ordered an invasion to oust Panamanian leader, General Manuel Antonio Noriega. As a result of that action called Operation Just Cause, a part of the neighborhood of El Chorrillo, which consisted of old wooden buildings of the early twentieth century were destroyed by heavy bombardment.

The city remains one of the largest banking centers in the world, establishing several controls for cash flow, which increased the credibility and investment security. The port of Balboa operated by Hutchison Whampoa company, originally from Hong Kong, is also an important activity in the city.

Location

 

The city is located in the district of Panama, although the metropolitan area of ​​Panama City also includes the district of San Miguelito, as well as other urban areas located across the Panama Canal, mostly belonging to the district of Arraijan and part of La Chorrera. The capital structure of Panama district was amended twice between 2002 and 2009.

Panama City grew physically stretching in size, due to the narrowness caused by the former Canal Zone and Panama Bay, which has generated an extensive road infrastructure to the northeast. The city was born at the channel entrance and along the Pacific Ocean at 0 m, lower elevation, and is spreading east and north, a flat region and airy which gradually rises to an altitude average of 30 meters. With an average area of ​​100 sq km (16 km - 7 km), its highest point is the Ancon Hill, atop which flies the flag of Panama, which can be appreciated from the city.

Weather



The city has a tropical climate sub-equatorial type characterized by a prolonged rainy season from May to December and a short dry season from January to April. The average annual precipitation is about 2,000 mm, average relative humidity of 75% and an average temperature of 27 ° C, with absolute maximum of up to 39 ° C and minimum of 20 ° C



Gastronomy

The food in Panama in itself is very Caribbean, but also the diversity of nationalities that have been part of the Panamanian population have created a wide range of foods.

In the city you can find various international restaurants (Arabic, Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Greek, Italian, French, Spanish, Colombian, Peruvian, Mexican, Caribbean, etc.), fast food and many places of typical food Panama

Local cuisine


 

Gallo pinto



Panama's national dish, rice and beans leads and is ideal for occasions of work in the field. It is shared with other neighbors, such as with Nicaragua plate.

 

Guacho seafood.


Saucer very liked by the Panamanians, it is a mixture of soup and rice with mixed seafood. It is distinguished by its exquisite flavor and aroma.

 

Fried red snapper


The whole fish is seasoned and fried to be accompanied by plantains, coconut rice and vegetables.

 

Sweaty chicken


A simple, tasty and delicious dish. A mix of vegetables and chicken juice.

 

Ropa vieja 


Ropa vieja It is a popular dish made with shredded meat, specifically skirt. Cooked tomato, onion and garlic. It serves, like most of the dishes, with a portion of white rice. A popular dish among Panamanians.

 

Sancocho


It is one of the most traditional dishes in Panama, is a chicken, which is mixed with yam, coriander and spices. Always with a delicious white rice.

 

Economy


Among the sources of income, it has the famous artificial waterway linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, the Panama Canal; tourism as a multisectoral activity, industry and the service sector; In the city of Panama it is also concentrated a major international financial center. The Province of Panama is the largest producer of poultry and its derivatives.

The economy in the urban area of the province of Panama is based on the services sector. Mainly the area of international trade and banking. Also in the services related to the channel. Including the movement of cargo in the port of Balboa and sale of fuel and other goods it stands vessels transiting the Panama Canal

Interesting places



Panama History Museum


Solid structure, neo-classical style, which today houses the City Council and the Museum of the history of Panama, was built in the year of 1910. To 1975, once completed the restoration of this building, were enabled on the ground floor, in the first instance a meeting room and library of the Panamanian Academy of history.

The Museum del Canal Interoceanico de Panama


The Museo del Canal Interoceanico de Panama, popularly known as Canal Museum, is a Museum of public and non-profit, located in Panama City. It is dedicated to preserve, investigate and disseminate the testimonies of the history of the Panama Canal. It is headquartered in a building located in the independence square, in the old town of the city, in the corregimiento of San Felipe.

Museum of religious art



The Museum of Colonial religious art, old chapel of Santo Domingo de Guzmán, was built in the second third of the 18th century and restored by the National Directorate of the historic heritage in the year of 1974. The pieces exhibited in this museum belong to families and churches of the city of Panama and the interior of the country.

Biomuseum


After generating great expectations to the world- wide, the Biomuseo of Panama will open its doors to visitors, curious, tourists, students and scientists in 2014. This extraordinary Museum is a living vehicle that tells an equally extraordinary story: that of the rise of the isthmus of Panama and how it changed the world. Designed by the great architect Frank Gehry, the Biomuseo is a powerful conjunction between science, art and design.

Panama Canal


The Panama canal is an interoceanic navigation between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, spanning the isthmus of Panama in its narrowest point.

Since its inauguration, which took place on August 15, 1914, it has had the effect of shortening time and distance maritime communication, boosting commercial and economic exchange by providing a short transit route and relatively barata1 between the two oceans, decisively influencing world trade patterns

Metropolitan Natural Park

 

Welcome to the jungle, welcome to the Metropolitan Park. It is located in the corregimiento of Ancón at the end of the bird. Juan Pablo II. It is ideal for hiking, bird watching and has areas for picnics. It is important to notify your income in the same Office Park, there can get a map to know all the paths, level of difficulty and approximate travel time.