Welcome to “The Big Orange”
Los Angeles is the largest city in California and the second largest city in the United States. It is located on the southern coast of California about 75 miles (120 km) north of the border with Mexico and 400 miles (600km) south of San Francisco. The original name of the city was "The Town of Our Lady the Queen of Angels," but was shortened for obvious reasons.
The Los Angeles history dates back to 1781, when it was founded by the Spanish governor Felipe de Neve with the name "El Pueblo de la Reina de Los Angeles". After independence from Spain, the city came under the dominion of Mexico until 1848, when it was taking control by the United States of America after the war rang out between the two countries.
From its original stage, it conserves a zone known as "El Pueblo", located in downtown Los Angeles where you´ll find monuments such as the Old Church, Avila Adobe, house whose interior and exterior has survived the passage of time, as well as charming streets like Olvera Street. Subsequently, railways, oil and water infrastructure grew and the city prospered.
It was in the 20s of last century when Los Angeles became the capital of the film industry, settling the first movie studios including Universal Studios, which now also houses a museum and an amusement park. Currently, Los Angeles hosts numerous events, events and shows, work that began with the 1932 and 1984 Olympics that the city successfully hosted.
Los Angeles is located in southern California on the West Coast of the United States, the time zone that corresponds is the Pacific Time in the United States (PST), two hours less than in the Central Standard Time (CST) and three behind Eastern Standard Time (EST).
It spans a diverse geographic area. Primarily a desert valley, the area is surrounded by the San Gabriel mountain range divided by the Santa Monica Mountains. Los Angeles County has 120 kilometers of coastline and altitudes ranging in rank from 9 feet below sea level at Wilmington to 10,080 above sea level on the summit of Mount San Antonio, the river areas includes the rivers Los Angeles, Hondo and San Gabriel.
Summer temperatures can reach 32° C, but the average is 27° C, with overnight lows of dropping to 17° C. Daytime temperatures in winter are generally average 18° C, with nighttime lows 10° C during this season and the rains are frequent. The hottest month is August, followed by July and September.
The average temperature in January is 13° C and 22° C in July. The highest temperature recorded at the ends of the city was 48.3° C in Woodland Hills on July 22, 2006; the lowest temperature was -7.8° C in 1989 in Canoga Park. The highest temperature recorded in the city center was 44.4° C on June 26, 1990, and the lowest was -5 ° C on January 9, 1937.
The economy is driven by international trade, the entertainment industry (television, film and music industry), aviation, oil, fashion and tourism. Los Angeles is also the main manufacturing center in the United States. The contiguous ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach comprise the most significant port complex in North America and one of the most important worldwide; moreover, both are vital for trade with countries located in the Pacific Rim. Other major industries in the city include media, finance, telecommunications, law, medicine and transportation.
Los Angeles is a cosmopolitan city heavily influenced by cultures like the Mexican, Chinese, Japanese and Italian, example is its cuisine where you can taste dishes of these specialties cooked American style. The most representative are:
California Style Pizza: A traditional Italian pizza cooked over a wood fire with characteristic ingredients of American food such as cheese, beef and chicken, ham, bacon and pineapple.
Cheeseburger: The typical beef burger with cheese very characteristic of American fast food. It is one of the most consumed dishes throughout the United States.
California Roll: It is the American version of sushi consisting of rice, cucumber, crab or shrimp and avocado. Although it was created in California state, today it is served in different parts of the world including Japan.
Crispy taco: It is the American way of presenting the famous taco Mexican cuisine and there in different forms but one of the most popular is the one made with beans, lettuce, cheese and ground beef, served on a crispy tortilla.
Iced tea: It is a refreshing drink ideal for combating hot days in Los Angeles. It is made herbal tea, ice and a twist of lemon.
The Groundhog Day is a ancient method used by farmers, especially the United States and Canada, to predict the end of winter, based on the behavior of the animal when it leaves hibernation on February 2.
Day of the Race
It is the name given to Hispanic minorities in the states who are celebrated on October 12 to commemorate the sighting of landfall, later be called America, by the sailor Rodrigo de Triana in 1492 after having sailed more than two months in command of Christopher Columbus.
Halloween: October 31
Americans celebrate the night of Halloween, where costumed children trick or treating through the streets, like in horror movies. The cities are bathed in terrifying costumes with pumpkin heads everywhere.
Veterans Day is a national holiday and day in America where the population pays tribute to those who have served the United States Armed Forces.
Thanksgiving Day is the most important traditional festival celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States, to commemorate the end of the Civil War.
Places of interest
Universal Studios Hollywood
These television and film studies have dedicated part of their facilities for film production and the other half to create an amusement park. Although the traveler might not like amusement parks, it´s worth going to ride in the famous tram that goes through the various stages of the most famous Hollywood movies, accompanied by various stunning special effects.
Griffith Park is a huge area where the traveler can walk, enjoy nature and appreciate the beautiful views of Los Angeles. This place is very common that tourists take the typical photo with the Hollywood sign, because perfect images are captures from the hill.
It is located at 1200 Getty Center Drive Street in the neighborhood Brentwood in Los Angeles, California (United States).
The Getty Center functions as a campus where you find the headquarters of the J. Paul Getty Museum, the Getty Foundation, a research institute, an Institute of Conservation and the Getty Trust, along with the facilities of an auditorium and several gardens.
Hollywood Walk of Fame
The Walk of Fame is an internationally known Hollywood Avenue because it is the place where Hollywood stars leave their mark. This tradition dates back to 1958 when Hollywood Weissmuller commissioned to remodel the city. It says he was inspired to create the Walk of Fame when actress Constance Talmadge accidentally stepped on a freshly cemented area and left his mark on the ground. From then it started building the Walk of Fame.
Disneyland, twelve hectare park located in Anaheim, California, is the childhood dream creator Walt Disney. His idea was to build a theme park aimed at the whole family, a combination of entertainment, education and music, all within the same environment.
It can be said without exaggeration that the Disney parks are the most spectacular tourist exploitation of all time. The four parks that currently exist (Disneyland in Anaheim, California, Disney World, near Orlando, Florida, Disney Tokyo, Japan; and Disneyland, near Paris) attract over 35 million visitors from around the world each year and are responsible for profound reforms in nearby communities and the construction of thousands of hotel rooms, restaurants and services.
Santa Monica Beach/Pier
The beach is located on the shore of the Pacific Ocean about 30 minutes from downtown LA. In the Third Street Promenade, you can find interesting shops, outdoor cafes and entertainment in the streets. Santa Monica Beach is a short walk from the center of the town.
Visiting the Santa Monica Pier is like visit the most famous, colorful place in this district made entirely of wood and is, indeed, a curious and pleasant place to stroll.
It is a famous amphitheater in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, with capacity for 17,376 spectators mainly used for sports and music events both classical and popular considered one of the symbols of California, featured in countless films and short films.
Los Angeles Zoo
It has more than 1,500 animals, birds and reptiles in their natural habitat. It is located in Griffith Park, near the intersection of Highways Golden State and Ventura. The subway "Tram" is a good way to explore the park. Be sure to see Adventure Island, a new children's zoo where we can find native animals of the southwestern United States.
Cabrillo Marine Aquarium
The Cabrillo Marine Aquarium is an aquarium in San Pedro, California, in a community within Los Angeles. It focuses on marine life in Southern California. In addition to the exhibition, also it offers school and group programs.