Montevideo is the capital and largest city of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay. It is also home to the Mercosur and ALADI. It is located in the southern part of the country, the most southern capital of America.
Limits the west with the department of San Jose and north and east with the Canelones south has coasts on the Río de la Plata, where the bay of Montevideo and the main port of the region are located. The city is divided into 8 municipalities and 62 districts. Montevideo is a global city category "beta", ranked as the seventh city in Latin America and the world number 73
Montevideo began its process of founding in 1723. The Governor of the Rio de la Plata, Bruno Mauricio de Zabala, was sent by the Spanish crown to found this port city and expel the Portuguese, who had built the fort on Montevideo Bay.
Thus, the first families who settled "San Felipe y Santiago de Montevideo" were Spanish, from the great River Plate origin colonial center: Buenos Aires. In his capacity as the main port of the Rio de la Plata, Montevideo had not a few quarrels with the neighboring city, capital of the Viceroyalty.
Pedro Millan drew the foreground and pattern of the city in 1726, when settlers began arriving in the Canary Islands. The old town of Montevideo had the typical characteristics of the colonial cities of the time: a parade in the center (now Square Matrix) surrounded by the Church (now Cathedral) and the building of government (Cabildo). The small town was framed by thick walls which today is only the gateway, the symbolic Door of the Citadel. Throughout the twentieth century Montevideo expanded over the Bay to the east and north, with numerous centers of population away from the center. The emblematic Rambla Montevideo, main postcard of the city, was built in 1910. Other significant monuments dating from the 20s and 30s, as the Legislative Palace and the Centenario Stadium.
Montevideo has a humid subtropical climate, very close to an oceanic climate, with an average of 16.7 ° C. Winter is wet, windy and cloudy. It presents numerous temporary, rough storms, but no tropical cyclones. Summer is hot and humid, with little wind. In winter it is often the emergence of relatively dry cold winds or continental polar air mass with negative thermal sensations, which affect the quiet rhythm of the city.
Montevideo, a city formed by large waves of immigrants from different countries, invites you to sit back to enjoy your food. The Uruguayan cuisine is the product of the crucible of immigrants, received from its founding until the mid-twentieth century, mainly Spanish and Italian, and to a lesser extent French, English and German, among others.
A good option is to try to eat a Uruguayan meat goat, a sandwich consisting of sauteed beef tenderloin, lettuce, tomato, egg, pepper, mayonnaise, which may include ham, bacon, mozzarella cheese and also be accompanied with a portion of chips .
The fried cake is typical of Uruguay. Its shape is generally circular, with a small cut in the center for easy cooking. Its ingredients are flour, yeast, water and fat. Whenever it rains Uruguayan traditionally eat fried cakes.
It is a meal which is basically a sausage grilled barbecue served between two pieces of bread, it is easy to make, quick to eat and is relatively inexpensive.
The main industry is food (5.8%), followed by the manufacture of wood and wood products, paper and paper products (2.3% of GDP), and the chemical industry (1.5% GDP). An industry that has grown in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century is the software, which is making successful nontraditional exports. The road network is good and tourism is growing rapidly. Tourism and financial services are important economic resources.
Places of interest
It is the main square of Montevideo, which is located in one end of Avenida 18 de Julio. In this square we have Artigas Mausoleum where his remains are kept, and which you can visit. And around Montevideo we have important icons such as Palacio Salvo, President of the Republic, Solis Theater and the Citadel Gate.
Palacio Barolo brother building located in Buenos Aires. Both buildings were built by the same architect intended to reflect the brotherhood between the two cities. Salvo Palace opened in 1928 in the golden age of Uruguay, being until 1935 the tallest building in South America with its 105 meters long altura.Por the building was abandoned and fell into disrepair. But in recent years Montevideo has begun to restore the idea of giving back all its glory
Ciudad Vieja/old city
The historic center of Montevideo. Rather than during the day works as a financial center, and at night becomes ideal for a drink or dinner in its pubs and restaurants. A place to get lost in its streets, watching the historic buildings of the Uruguayan capital and landmarks such as the Mercado del Puerto, Metropolitan Cathedral, Solis Theatre, the Citadel Gate, Sarandí Pedestrian Plaza Matriz, Cabildo, Museo Torres García, among others .
Teatro Solis/ Solis Theater
It is the most important artistic scene of Uruguay opened in 1856 with a capacity for 1,500 people. They are residing in Montevideo Symphony Orchestra and the National Comedy.
It is located in one corner of Independence Square, in the Old City. You can take guided tours Tuesday through Sunday. These visits have actors who are taking part along the path to a more enjoyable and interactive visit. The cost is just $ 1.
Puerta de la Ciudadela/Citadel Gate
The Gate of the Citadel is the old gate in the wall that protected the city in colonial times, when the city was still in the hands of the Spanish Empire. Just a few sections of the wall, including the Gateway to the city, which is now known as Old Town are preserved.
The pedestrian is one of the places frequented by travelers. It is the main pedestrian Old Town where you can find shops, eating places, fairs and street performers. It's a good way to get into the Old City and see the buildings from the colonial era, as the Cabildo and the Metropolitan Cathedral of Montevideo.
La Rambla (promenade) is one of the main attractions of the city. This street follows the route of most of the city on the Rio de la Plata. It begins at the Port, following the Old Town, Barrio Sur, Palermo, Parque Rodo, Punta Carretas, Pocitos, Buceo, Malvin, Punta Gorda and Carrasco. More than 30 km of promenade where you can watch amazing sunsets.